Bamburgh Castle June 1973.jpg
Bamburgh in 1973
Bamburgh is located in Northumberland
Bamburgh shown within Northumberland
Population 414 (2011)
OS grid reference NU1734
Civil parish
  • Bamburgh
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BAMBURGH
Postcode district NE69
Dialling code 01668
Police Northumbria
Fire Northumberland
Ambulance North East
EU Parliament North East England
UK Parliament
List of places
55°36′14″N 1°43′20″W / 55°36′14″N 1°43′20″W / 55.604; -1.7222

Bamburgh ( ə/ BAM-brə) is a village and civil parish on the coast of Northumberland, England. It had a population of 454, [1] decreasing to 414 at the 2011 census. [2]

The village is notable for the nearby Bamburgh Castle, a castle which was the seat of the former Kings of Northumbria, and for its association with the Victorian era heroine Grace Darling, who is buried there.

The extensive beach by the village was awarded the Blue Flag rural beach award in 2005. The Bamburgh Dunes, a Site of Special Scientific Interest, stand behind the beach. Bamburgh is popular with holidaymakers and is within the Northumberland Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.


Bamburgh Castle, then called Din Guardi, may have been the capital of the Brythonic kingdom of Bryneich between about AD 420 and 547. In 547 the castle was taken by the invading Angles led by Ida son of Eoppa [3] and was renamed Bebbanburgh by one of his successors, Æthelfrith, after his wife Bebba, according to the Historia Brittonum. From then onwards the castle became the capital of the Anglian kingdom of Bernicia until it merged with its southern neighbour, Deira, in 634. After the two realms united as Northumbria the capital was moved to York.

Bamburgh was again the capital of local Bernician rulers after the Viking destruction of the old Northumbrian kingdom in 867. Initially puppets of the Vikings, they later had more autonomy under either the Vikings or Kings of united England. The rulers of Bernicia held the title of High Reeve of Bamburgh from at least 913 until 1041, when the last was killed by Harthacnut; sometimes – 954–963 and 975–1016 – they also served as Earls of York. The castle was destroyed in a renewed Viking attack in 993 and in 1018 the Lothian part of Bernicia was ceded to Scotland, significantly reducing the area controlled from Bamburgh.

Edward IV ruled all England in 1464, during the Wars of the Roses, in which time the Percy family, Earls of Northumberland, were based at Bamburgh Castle.

Sir Thomas Malory considered Bamburgh to be Lancelot's castle Joyous Gard. The Victorian poet Algernon Charles Swinburne agreed and called it "The noblest hold in all the North."

"They saw the help and strength of Joyous Gard,
The full deep glorious tower that stands over
Between the wild sea and the broad wild lands..."

Swinburne swam here, as did the novelist E. M. Forster who adopted the Forsters of Bamburgh as his ancestors.[ citation needed]

Other Languages
català: Bamburgh
Cymraeg: Bamburgh
Deutsch: Bamburgh
español: Bamburgh
Esperanto: Bamburgh
français: Bamburgh
Frysk: Bamburgh
Gaeilge: Dún Guaire
italiano: Bamburgh
Nederlands: Bamburgh
norsk: Bamburgh
norsk nynorsk: Bamburgh
polski: Bamburgh
português: Bamburgo
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Bamburgh
svenska: Bamburgh
Volapük: Bamburgh