Balinese language

Balinese
ᬪᬵᬱᬩᬮᬶ, ᬩᬲᬩᬮᬶ1
Basa Bali, Bhāṣā Bali1
Aksara Bali1.png
RegionBali, Nusa Penida, Lombok and Java, Indonesia
EthnicityBalinese, Bali Aga
Native speakers
3.3 million (2000 census)[1]
Latin, Balinese
Language codes
ISO 639-2ban
ISO 639-3ban
Glottologbali1278[2]
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Balinese, or simply Bali, is a Malayo-Polynesian language spoken by 3.3 million people (as of 2000) on the Indonesian island of Bali as well as northern Nusa Penida, western Lombok and eastern Java.[3] Most Balinese speakers also know Indonesian. Balinese itself is not mutually intelligible with Indonesian but may be understood by Javanese speakers after some exposure.[citation needed]

In 2011, the Bali Cultural Agency estimated that the number of people still using the Balinese language in their daily lives on the Bali Island does not exceed 1 million, as in urban areas their parents only introduce the Indonesian language or even English, while daily conversations in the institutions and the mass media have disappeared. The written form of the Balinese language is increasingly unfamiliar, and most Balinese people use the Balinese language only as a means of oral communication, often mixing it with Indonesian in their daily speech. But in the transmigration areas outside Bali Island, the Balinese language is extensively used and believed to play an important role in the survival of the language.[4]

The higher registers of the language borrow extensively from Javanese: an old form of classical Javanese, Kawi, is used in Bali as a religious and ceremonial language.

Phonology

Vowels

Front Central Back
High i u
Mid e ə o
Low a

The official spelling denotes both /a/ and /ə/ by a. However, a is usually pronounced [ə] when it ends a word, and [ə] occurs also in prefixes ma-, pa- and da-.[5]

Consonants

Labial Dental Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Stop/Affricate p b t d k g
Fricative s h
Approximant w l j
Trill r

Stress

Stress falls on the last syllable.[5]

Other Languages
العربية: لغة بالية
Bahasa Banjar: Basa Bali
беларуская: Балійская мова
Bikol Central: Tataramon na Balines
català: Balinès
čeština: Balijština
eesti: Bali keel
español: Idioma balinés
Esperanto: Balia lingvo
Fiji Hindi: Balinese bhasa
한국어: 발리어
हिन्दी: बाली भाषा
hrvatski: Balijski jezik
Bahasa Indonesia: Bahasa Bali
íslenska: Balíska
italiano: Lingua balinese
עברית: באלינזית
Basa Jawa: Basa Bali
коми: Бали кыв
македонски: Балиски јазик
Bahasa Melayu: Bahasa Bali
Dorerin Naoero: Dorerin Bari
Nederlands: Balinees (taal)
日本語: バリ語
norsk: Balinesisk
norsk nynorsk: Balinesisk
português: Língua balinesa
Gagana Samoa: Gagana Balinese
svenska: Balinesiska
Võro: Bali kiil
Yorùbá: Bálíníìsì
中文: 巴厘语