Balaenidae

Balaenidae [1]
Temporal range: Late Miocene to present
Right whale size.svg
Size compared to an average human
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Infraorder: Cetacea
Parvorder: Mysticeti
Family: Balaenidae
Gray, 1821
Genera

Balaena
Eubalaena
Balaenella
Balaenula
Balaenotus
Idiocetus
Mesoteras
Morenocetus
Protobalaena

Balaenidae range map.png
Range of the Balaenidae species

Balaenidae / is a family of whales of the parvorder Mysticeti that contains two living genera. Historically, it is known as the right whale family, as it was thought to contain only species of right whales. Through most of the 20th Century, however, that became a much-debated (and unresolved) topic amongst the scientific community. [2] Finally, in the early 2000s, science reached a definitive conclusion: the bowhead whale, once commonly known as the Greenland right whale, was not in fact a right whale. [3] The family of Balaenids, therefore, comprises the right whales (genus Eubalaena), and in a genus all to its own, the very closely related bowhead whale (genus Balaena). [4] [5]

Evolutionary History

Baleen whales belong to the monophyletic lineage of Mysticeti order. Mysticeti are large filter-feeding cetaceans that also included of largest animals on earth as well as some of the most critically endangered. [6] [7] Based on morphology and molecular data, four extant family-level clades are recognized within Mysticeti: Balaenidae (bowhead and right whales), Neobalaenidae (pygmy right whales), Eschirichtiidae (gray whales), and Balaenopteridae (rorquals). [7] Phylogenetic relationships of the mysticeti order remain unclear due to legal and logistical challenges. [7] However, recent morphological analysis, support Balaenidae as a monophyletic group that is the sister group to Neobalaenidae.

Other Languages
العربية: حوت البالين
azərbaycanca: Əsl balinalar
български: Гладки китове
brezhoneg: Balaenidae
català: Balènid
Cebuano: Balaenidae
dansk: Rethvaler
Deutsch: Glattwale
español: Balaenidae
euskara: Balaenidae
فارسی: نهنگ شکار
français: Balaenidae
galego: Balénidos
한국어: 참고래과
Հայերեն: Հարթ կետեր
hrvatski: Glatki kitovi
interlingua: Balaenidae
italiano: Balaenidae
עברית: בלניים
қазақша: Тегіс киттер
Latina: Balaenidae
Nederlands: Echte walvissen
norsk: Retthvaler
norsk nynorsk: Rettkvalfamilien
occitan: Balaenidae
polski: Walowate
português: Baleia-franca
русский: Гладкие киты
slovenčina: Veľrybovité
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Glatki kitovi
suomi: Silovalaat
svenska: Rätvalar
українська: Китові
Tiếng Việt: Balaenidae
Winaray: Balaenidae
中文: 露脊鲸科