Baja California Sur
Baja California Sur
Estado Libre y Soberano de Baja California Sur (
|Free and Sovereign State of Baja California Sur|
El Acuario Del Mundo(The aquarium of the world)
Baja California Sur within Mexico
| • ||Ricardo Velázquez Meza |
Jesús Lucía Trasviña Waldenrath
María Guadalupe Saldaña Cisneros
| • |
|• Total||73,909 km2 (28,536 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||2,080 m (6,820 ft)|
|• Total||763,929 |
|• Density rank|
| • Summer (|
| 0.811 Very High |
|Website||Official Web Site|
|^ a. The state's GDP was 50,785,641 thousands of |
Baja California Sur (Spanish pronunciation:
Before becoming a state on October 8, 1974, the area was known as the El Territorio Sur de Baja California ("South Territory of Lower California"). It has an area of 73,909 km2 (28,536 sq mi), or 3.57% of the land mass of Mexico, and occupies the southern half of the
The state is the southern part of the
The state is divided into five municipalities.
Largest cities in Baja California Sur
The state is on a narrow peninsula which broke away from the mainland about two million years ago due to tectonic activity. The territory is primarily mountains or mountain ranges and coastal plains. The mountain ranges parallel the coastline and are of volcanic rock. The local name for the main mountain range is the
The state is divided into five regions: Central Desert, La Serranía, the
The climate of the state is dry, with an average annual temperature of 18–22 °C and average annual rainfall of less than 200mm. The lower elevations are the driest and hottest, with summer daytime temperatures above 40 °C; wintertime temperatures may fall below freezing. The exception to desert conditions is the Los Cabos region, classified as semi-moist because of Pacific hurricane activity which affects the region. In the spring, prevailing winds are from the west and in the summer from the south and southwest. In the fall, they are from the northwest and in the winter from the north and northwest.
Most of the surface water is in the form of seasonal streams, which are fast-flowing and only active during stormy weather. Most of these drain into the Pacific Ocean, with a number flowing south into the Bahía de Ballenas.
The main geological feature of the state is its coastline which measures 2230 km, making it Mexico's longest with 22% of the total. It also has the most islands, mostly in the Gulf of California. There are three in the Pacific, Natividad, Magdalena and Santa Margarita (the largest). In the Gulf of California, they include San Marcos, Coronados, Carmen, Monserrat, Santa Catalina, Santa Cruz, San Diego, San Jose, San Francisco, Partida, Espiritu Santo and Cerralvo. Major bays include Sebastian Vizcaino, Magdalena, La Paz, Asunción, Ballenas, Concepcion and San Carlos. Estuaries and lagoons including those at Puerto Escondido, Nopoló, Blandra as well as the San José estuary at Cabo Colorado, the San Ignacio Lagoon and the Ojo de Liebre.
The ecological system here is considered to be recently evolved with a number of endemic species. The lower elevations are dominated by desert and arid condition plants. This includes the world's largest species of cactus, the