Bahia

Bahia
State
Estado da Bahia
Flag of Bahia
Flag
Coat of arms of Bahia
Coat of arms
Motto(s): "Per ardua surgo"
(I rise through the hardship)
Location of State of Bahia in Brazil
Location of State of Bahia in Brazil
Coordinates: 12°S 41°W / 12°S 41°W / -12; -41
Country Brazil
Capital and largest citySalvador
Government
 • GovernorRui Costa (PT)
 • Vice GovernorJoão Leão (PP)
 • SenatorsLídice da Mata (PSB)
Otto Alencar (PSD)
Roberto Muniz (PP)
Area
 • Total565,733 km2 (218,431 sq mi)
Area rank5th
Population (2015)[1]
 • Total15,203,934
 • Rank4th
 • Density27/km2 (70/sq mi)
 • Density rank12th
Demonym(s)Baiano
GDP
 • Year2011 estimate
 • TotalR$ 159,869,000,000 (6th)
 • Per capitaR$ 11,340.26 (19th)
HDI
 • Year2014
 • Category0.703 – high (21st)[2]
Time zoneUTC-3 (BRT)
Postal code40000-000 to 48990-000
ISO 3166 codeBR-BA
Websitebahia.ba.gov.br

Bahia (locally [baˈi.ɐ])[a] is one of the 26 states of Brazil and is located in the northeastern part of the country on the Atlantic coast. It is the 4th-largest Brazilian state by population (after São Paulo, Minas Gerais, and Rio de Janeiro) and the 5th-largest by area. Bahia's capital is the city of Salvador (formerly known as "Cidade do São Salvador da Bahia de Todos os Santos", lit. "City of Holy Saviour of All Saints Bay"), located on a spit of land separating the Bay of All Saints from the Atlantic. Once a monarchial stronghold dominated by agricultural, slaving, and ranching interests, Bahia is now a major manufacturing center whose last three elections have been dominated by the Workers' Party.

Name

The name of the state derives from the earlier captaincy of Bahia de Todos os Santos, named for Bay of All Saints (Baía de Todos os Santos in modern Portuguese), a major feature of its coastline. The bay itself was named by the explorer Amerigo Vespucci during his second voyage, when he found it on All Saints' Day (1 November), 1502. He named it after his parish church in Florence, San Salvatore di Ognissanti ("Holy Savior of All the Saints"). Over time, the bay became distinguished as the Bay of All Saints, the state as Bahia ("Bay"), and its capital first as Bahia and then finally as Salvador.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Bahia
العربية: باهيا
asturianu: Bahia (estáu)
Avañe'ẽ: Bahia (tetãvore)
Aymar aru: Bahia Istadu
azərbaycanca: Baiya
Bân-lâm-gú: Bahia
беларуская: Баія
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Баія
български: Баия
bosanski: Bahia
brezhoneg: Bahia
čeština: Bahia
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Bahía (Brasil)
Cymraeg: Bahia
dansk: Bahia
Deutsch: Bahia
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Bahia
Esperanto: Bahio
euskara: Bahia
فارسی: باهیا
français: Bahia
Gaeilge: Bahia
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Bahia-chû
한국어: 바이아주
հայերեն: Բահիա
हिन्दी: बाहिया
hrvatski: Bahia
Ido: Bahia
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: বাহিয়া
Bahasa Indonesia: Bahia
interlingua: Bahia
Ирон: Баия
íslenska: Bahia
italiano: Bahia (stato)
עברית: באהיה
ქართული: ბაია (შტატი)
қазақша: Баия
kernowek: Bahia
Kiswahili: Bahia
Ladino: Bahia
Latina: Bahiensis
latviešu: Baija
lietuvių: Bahija
Limburgs: Bahia
magyar: Bahia
македонски: Баија
Malagasy: Bahia
मराठी: बाईया
Bahasa Melayu: Bahia
Mirandés: Bahia
Nederlands: Bahia (staat)
日本語: バイーア州
norsk: Bahia
norsk nynorsk: Bahia
occitan: Bahia
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Baiya
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਬਾਹੀਆ
پنجابی: باہیا
Piemontèis: Bahia
polski: Bahia
português: Bahia
română: Bahia
Runa Simi: Bahia suyu
русский: Баия
Scots: Bahia
shqip: Bahia
Simple English: Bahia
slovenčina: Bahia (štát)
српски / srpski: Баија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Bahia
suomi: Bahia
svenska: Bahia
Tagalog: Bahia
தமிழ்: பாகையா
tetun: Bahia
тоҷикӣ: Баия
Türkçe: Bahia
українська: Баїя
اردو: باہیا
vèneto: Bahia
Tiếng Việt: Bahia
Volapük: Bahia
Winaray: Bahia
Yorùbá: Bahia
粵語: 巴伊亞州
中文: 巴伊亞州