Baba ghanoush

Baba ghanoush
Baba ganoush closeup.jpg
Place of originLevant
Associated national cuisineIraq, Armenia[1], Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria, Egypt, and Turkey
Main ingredientsEggplant, olive oil

Baba ghanoush[2] (Arabic: بابا غنوجbābā ghannūj, also appears as baba ganoush[3] or baba ghanouj[4]) is a Levantine appetizer of mashed cooked eggplant mixed with tahini (made from sesame seeds), olive oil, and various seasonings.[2][4]

The traditional preparation method is for the eggplant to be baked or broiled over an open flame before peeling, so that the pulp is soft and has a smoky taste.[5][page needed] It is a typical meze (starter), often eaten as a dip with pita bread, and is sometimes added to other dishes.[4]


The bābā is an Arabic word that means "father" and is also a term of endearment, while ghannūj could be a personal name.[3] The word combination is also interpreted as "father of coquetry" or "indulged/pampered daddy" or "spoiled old daddy".[4][6] It is not certain whether the word bābā refers to the eggplant or to an actual person indulged by this treat.[7]

Baba ganoush and pita.jpg
Mutabbal and pita bread
Place of originLevant
Main ingredientsEggplant, olive oil
Other Languages
العربية: بابا غنوج
azərbaycanca: Baba qanuş
български: Баба гануш
čeština: Baba ganuš
Deutsch: Baba Ghanoush
español: Baba ganush
Esperanto: Babaganuŝo
فارسی: بابا غنوج
français: Baba ganousch
한국어: 바바 간누즈
հայերեն: Բաբա գանուշ
Bahasa Indonesia: Baba ghanoush
italiano: Baba ganush
עברית: באבא גנוש
kurdî: Babaxanûç
Ladino: Baba ganush
Bahasa Melayu: Baba ghanoush
Nederlands: Baba ganoush
português: Baba ganoush
русский: Баба гануш
svenska: Baba ganush
Tagalog: Baba ghanoush
Türkçe: Babagannuş
українська: Баба гануш