Azerbaijani language

Azerbaijani
Azeri
Azərbaycan dili, آذربایجان دیلی‎, Азәрбајҹан дили[note 1]
Pronunciation[ɑːzærbɑjˈd͡ʒɑn diˈli]
Native to
RegionAzerbaijan (historic Azerbaijan), Caucasus
EthnicityAzerbaijanis
Native speakers
23 million (2018)[1]
Turkic
Standard forms
Shirvan
Tabrizi
Official status
Official language in
 Azerbaijan
 Russia
Regulated by
Language codes
az
aze
ISO 639-3azeinclusive code
Individual codes:
azj – North Azerbaijani
azb – South Azerbaijani
slq – Salchuq
qxq – Qashqai
azer1255  North Azeri–Salchuq[2]
sout2696  South Azeri–Qashqa'i[3]
Linguaspherepart of 44-AAB-a
Idioma azerí.png
Location of Azerbaijani speakers in Transcaucasia
  regions where Azerbaijani is the language of the majority
  regions where Azerbaijani is the language of a significant minority
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Azerbaijani (i/) or Azeri (ə-/), also sometimes referred to as Azeri Turkic[4] or Azeri Turkish,[5][6] is a macrolanguage and refers to two Turkic languages (North Azerbaijani and South Azerbaijani) that are spoken primarily by the Azerbaijanis, who live mainly in Transcaucasia and Iran. North Azerbaijani and South Azerbaijani have significant differences in phonology, lexicon, morphology, syntax, and loanwords.[7]

North Azerbaijani has official status in the Republic of Azerbaijan and Dagestan (a federal subject of Russia) but South Azerbaijani does not have official status in Iran, where the majority of Azerbaijanis live. It is also spoken to lesser varying degrees in Azerbaijani communities of Georgia and Turkey and by diaspora communities, primarily in Europe and North America.

Both North Azerbaijani and South Azerbaijani are members of the Oghuz branch of the Turkic languages. North Azerbaijani (spoken in the Republic of Azerbaijan and Russia) is based on the Shirvani dialect and South Azerbaijani (spoken in Iran) is based on the Tabrizi dialect, and is closely related to Turkish, Qashqai, Gagauz, Turkmen and Crimean Tatar, sharing varying degrees of mutual intelligibility with each of those languages.[8]

Etymology and background

Historically the language was referred to locally as Türki[9] meaning "Turkic" or Azərbaycan Türkcəsi meaning "Azerbaijani Turkish" and scholars such as Vladimir Minorsky used this definition in their works, distinguishing it from İstanbul Türkçesi ("Istanbul Turkish"), the official language of Turkey. Modern literature in the Republic of Azerbaijan is based on the Shirvani dialect mainly, while in Iranian Azerbaijan region (historic Azerbaijan) it is based on the Tabrizi one.

Prior to the establishment of the pan-Turkist Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, who adopted the name of "Azerbaijan" for political reasons in 1918, the name of "Azerbaijan" was exclusively used to identify the adjacent region of contemporary northwestern Iran.[10][11][12] After the establishment of the Azerbaijan SSR,[13] on the order of Soviet leader Stalin, the "formal language" of the Azerbaijan SSR was "changed from Turkish to Azeri".[13]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Azerbeidjans
አማርኛ: አዘርኛ
Ænglisc: Azeri sprǣc
العربية: لغة أذرية
azərbaycanca: Azərbaycan dili
تۆرکجه: تورکجه
Bân-lâm-gú: Azerbaijan-gí
башҡортса: Әзербайжан теле
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Азэрбайджанская мова
brezhoneg: Azeri
català: Àzeri
Cymraeg: Aserbaijaneg
davvisámegiella: Aserbaižanagiella
Ελληνικά: Αζερική γλώσσα
español: Idioma azerí
euskara: Azerbaijanera
Fiji Hindi: Azerbaijani bhasa
français: Azéri
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Azerbaijan-ngî
հայերեն: Ադրբեջաներեն
hornjoserbsce: Azerbajdźanšćina
hrvatski: Azerski jezik
Bahasa Indonesia: Bahasa Azeri
íslenska: Aserska
italiano: Lingua azera
עברית: אזרית
kalaallisut: Aserbajdsjaniskisut
kernowek: Azerek
Kinyarwanda: Ikinyazeribayijani
Kiswahili: Kiazeri
Ladino: Lingua azeri
لۊری شومالی: زۊن تورکی آزری
Lëtzebuergesch: Aserbaidschanesch
Ligure: Lengua azera
Limburgs: Azerbaidzjaans
lumbaart: Lengua azera
magyar: Azeri nyelv
مصرى: اذرى
مازِرونی: آذری
Bahasa Melayu: Bahasa Azeri
Nederlands: Azerbeidzjaans
नेपाल भाषा: अजेरी भाषा
norsk nynorsk: Aserbajdsjansk
occitan: Azèri
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Ozarbayjon turkchasi
پنجابی: آذری بولی
Перем Коми: Азербайджан кыв
português: Língua azeri
Qaraqalpaqsha: A'zerbayjan tili
qırımtatarca: Azerbaycan tili
română: Limba azeră
Runa Simi: Asar simi
sicilianu: Lingua azzira
Simple English: Azerbaijani language
slovenčina: Azerbajdžančina
slovenščina: Azerbajdžanščina
ślůnski: Azerskŏ gŏdka
српски / srpski: Азерски језик
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Azerski jezik
Basa Sunda: Basa Azerbaijan
татарча/tatarça: Әзери теле
Türkçe: Azerice
Türkmençe: Azerbaýjan dili
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئەزەربەيجان تىلى
vepsän kel’: Azerbaidžanan kel'
Tiếng Việt: Tiếng Azerbaijan
Winaray: Azerbaiyani
Zazaki: Azerki