Ayodhya

Ayodhya

Saketa
Kanak Bhawan.jpg
Vijayraghav Mandir, Ayodhya.jpg
Top: Kanak Bhawan Temple; Bottom: Vijayraghav Mandir in Ayodhya
Ayodhya is located in Uttar Pradesh
Ayodhya
Ayodhya
Ayodhya is located in India
Ayodhya
Ayodhya
Coordinates: 26°48′N 82°12′E / 26°48′N 82°12′E / 26.80; 82.20India
StateUttar Pradesh
DistrictAyodhya
Government
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • BodyAyodhya Municipal Corporation
 • MayorRishikesh Udadayaya, BJP
Area
 • Total79.8 km2 (30.8 sq mi)
Elevation
93 m (305 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total450,899
 • Density5,700/km2 (15,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, Urdu, and English
 • Additional languagesAwadhi dialect of Hindustani (native dialect)
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
224123
Telephone code05278
Vehicle registrationUP-42

Ayodhya (About this soundlisten ; IAST Ayodhyā) is a city located in Ayodhya District of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is identified with the legendary city of Ayodhya, and as such, is the birthplace of Rama and setting of the epic Ramayana. The accuracy of this identification is central to the Ayodhya dispute: modern scholars variously believe that the present-day Ayodhya is same as the legendary Ayodhya, or that the legendary city is a mythical place that came to be identified with the present-day Ayodhya only during the Gupta period around the 4th-5th century CE.

The present-day city is identified as the location of Saketa, which was an important city of the Kosala mahajanapada in the first millennium BCE, and later served as its capital. The early Buddhist and Jain canonical texts mention that the religious leaders Gautama Buddha and Mahavira visited and lived in the city. The later Jain texts also describe as it the birthplace of five tirthankaras, and associate it with the legendary chakravartins. From the Gupta period onwards, several sources mention Ayodhya and Saketa as the name of the same city.

Owing to the belief as the birthplace of Rama, Ayodhya (Awadh) has been regarded as one of the seven most important pilgrimage sites (Saptapuri) for Hindus. It is believed that the birth spot of Rama was marked by a temple, which is said to have been demolished by the orders of the Mughal emperor Babur and a mosque erected in its place. The Ayodhya dispute concerns the activism by the Hindu groups to rebuild a Rama's temple at the site.

Etymology and names

Ram Paidi ghat on the Sarayu river, Ayodhya.

The word "Ayodhya" is a regularly formed derivation of the Sanskrit verb yudh, "to fight, to wage war". Yodhya is the future passive participle, meaning "to be fought"; the initial a is the negative prefix; the whole therefore means "not to be fought" or, more idiomatically in English, "invincible".[1] This meaning is attested by the Atharvaveda, which uses it to refer to the unconquerable city of gods.[2] The 9th century Jain poem Adi Purana also states that Ayodhya "does not exist by name alone but by the merit" of being unconquerable by enemies. Satyopakhyana interprets the word slightly differently, stating that it means "that which cannot be conquered by sins" (instead of enemies).[3]

"Saketa" is the older name for the city, attested in Buddhist, Jain, Sanskrit, Greek and Chinese sources.[4] According to Vaman Shivram Apte, the word "Saketa" is derived from the Sanskrit words Saha (with) and Aketen (houses or buildings). The Adi Purana states that Ayodhya is called Saketa "because of its magnificent buildings which had significant banners as their arms". [5] According to Hans T. Bakker, the word may be derived from the roots sa and ketu ("with banner"); the variant name saketu is attested in the Vishnu Purana.[6]

Ayodhya was stated to be the capital of the ancient Kosala kingdom in the Ramayana. Hence it was also referred to as "Kosala". The Adi Purana states that Ayodhya is famous as su-kośala "because of its prosperity and good skill".[5]

The cities of Ayutthaya (Thailand), and Yogyakarta (Indonesia), are named after Ayodhya.

Other Languages
العربية: أيوديا
বাংলা: অযোধ্যা
Bân-lâm-gú: Ayodhya
भोजपुरी: अयोध्या
བོད་ཡིག: ཨ་ཡོ་དྷི་ཡ།
català: Ayodhya
Cebuano: Ayodhya
čeština: Ajódhja
dansk: Ayodhya
Deutsch: Ayodhya
español: Ayodhya
Esperanto: Ajodhjo
فارسی: ایودیا
français: Ayodhya
ગુજરાતી: અયોધ્યા
한국어: 아요디아
हिन्दी: अयोध्या
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: অযোধ্যা
Bahasa Indonesia: Ayodhya
italiano: Ayodhya
Basa Jawa: Ayodhya
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಅಯೋಧ್ಯೆ
lietuvių: Ajodhija
मैथिली: अयोध्या
Malagasy: Ayodhya
മലയാളം: അയോദ്ധ്യ
मराठी: अयोध्या
მარგალური: აიოდჰია
Bahasa Melayu: Ayodhya
Nederlands: Ayodhya
नेपाली: अयोध्या
नेपाल भाषा: अयोद्धा
norsk: Ayodhya
norsk nynorsk: Ayodhya
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଅଯୋଧ୍ୟା
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਅਯੋਧਿਆ
پنجابی: ایودھیا
polski: Ayodhya
português: Aiódia
русский: Айодхья
संस्कृतम्: अयोध्या
Scots: Ayodhya
shqip: Ajodhja
Simple English: Ayodhya
سنڌي: ايوڌيا
suomi: Ayodhya
svenska: Ayodhya
தமிழ்: அயோத்தி
తెలుగు: అయోధ్య
українська: Айодх'я
اردو: ایودھیا
Tiếng Việt: Ayodhya
中文: 阿约提亚