Location of Awadh
Location of Awadh
CountriesIndia and Nepal
StatesUttar Pradesh (India) and Province No. 5 (Nepal)
LanguagesAwadhi dialect of Hindustani (Hindi and Urdu)
100 m (300 ft)
Gate of the Lal-Bagh fort at Fyzabad; by Thomas and William Daniell, 1801* (BL).

Awadh (Hindi and Awadhi अवध, Urdu: اوَدھ‎, (About this soundpronunciation ), known in British historical texts as Avadh or Oudh, is a region in the modern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh (before independence known as the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh) and a small area of Nepal's Province No. 5. Awadh is bounded by the Ganges Doab to the southwest, Rohilkhand to the northwest, Nepal to the north, and Purvanchal to the east. Its inhabitants are referred to as Awadhis.

It was established as one of the twelve original subahs (top-level imperial provinces) under 16th-century Mughal emperor Akbar and became a hereditary tributary polity around 1722, with Ayodhya as its initial capital and Saadat Ali Khan as its first Subadar Nawab and progenitor of a dynasty of Nawabs of Awadh (often styled Nawab Wazir al-Mamalik). The traditional capital of Awadh was Faizabad, but the capital was later moved to Lucknow, also the station of the British Resident, which now is the capital of Uttar Pradesh. Nepalgunj now is the capital of Province No. 5 of Nepal.

Modern definition

Presently, Awadh geographically includes the districts of Ambedkar Nagar, Bahraich, Balrampur, Barabanki, Basti, Sant Kabir Nagar, Faizabad, Ayodhya, Gonda, Hardoi, Lakhimpur Kheri, Lucknow, Pratapgarh, Raebareli, Amethi, Shravasti, Siddharth Nagar, Sitapur, Sultanpur, Jaunpur, Unnao, Fatehpur, Kaushambi and Allahabad from Lower Doab. It also includes a few district of Province No. 5 of Nepal. The region is home to a distinct dialect, Awadhi, spoken by Awadhis.

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Aud (Hindistan)
भोजपुरी: अवध
Deutsch: Avadh
español: Oudh
فارسی: اوده
français: Awadh
हिन्दी: अवध
italiano: Awadh
עברית: אווד
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಅವಧ್
magyar: Aud állam
മലയാളം: അവധ്
मराठी: अवध
Nederlands: Avadh
नेपाली: अवध
norsk: Oudh
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਅਉਧ
پنجابی: اودھ
português: Oude
русский: Ауд (Индия)
svenska: Awadh
Tagalog: Awadh
தமிழ்: அவத்
ไทย: อวัธ
українська: Ауд
اردو: اودھ