Avocado

Avocado
Temporal range: 15–0 Ma Middle Miocene – Recent
Close-up picture of foliage and avocado fruit
Avocado fruit and foliage, Réunion island
Avocado with cross section edit.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
(unranked):
(unranked):
Order:
Family:
Genus:
Species:
P. americana
Binomial name
Persea americana
Synonyms
  • Laurus persea L.
  • Persea americana var. angustifolia Miranda
  • Persea americana var. drymifolia (Cham. & Schltdl.) S.F.Blake
  • Persea americana var. nubigena (L.O.Williams) L.E.Kopp
  • Persea drymifolia Cham. & Schltdl.
  • Persea edulis Raf.
  • Persea floccosa Mez
  • Persea gigantea L.O.Williams
  • Persea gratissima C.F.Gaertn.
  • Persea gratissima var. drimyfolia (Schltdl. & Cham.) Mez
  • Persea gratissima var. macrophylla Meisn.
  • Persea gratissima var. oblonga Meisn.
  • Persea gratissima var. praecox Nees
  • Persea gratissima var. vulgaris Meisn.
  • Persea leiogyna Blake
  • Persea nubigena L.O.Williams
  • Persea nubigena var. guatemalensis L.O.Williams
  • Persea paucitriplinervia Lundell
  • Persea persea (L.) Cockerell
  • Persea steyermarkii C.K.Allen [1]

The avocado (Persea americana) is a tree, long thought to have originated in South Central Mexico,[2][3] classified as a member of the flowering plant family Lauraceae.[4] The fruit of the plant, also called an avocado (or avocado pear or alligator pear), is botanically a large berry containing a single large seed.[5]

Avocados are commercially valuable and are cultivated in tropical and Mediterranean climates throughout the world.[4] They have a green-skinned, fleshy body that may be pear-shaped, egg-shaped, or spherical. Commercially, they ripen after harvesting. Avocado trees are partially self-pollinating and are often propagated through grafting to maintain a predictable quality and quantity of the fruit[6].

Botany

Persea americana, young avocado plant (seedling), complete with parted pit and roots

Persea americana is a tree that grows to 20 m (66 ft), with alternately arranged leaves 12–25 cm (4.7–9.8 in) long. Panicles of flowers with deciduous bracts arise from new growth or the axils of leaves.[7] The flowers are inconspicuous, greenish-yellow, 5–10 mm (0.2–0.4 in) wide.

The species is variable because of selection pressure by humans to produce larger flesher fruits with a thinner exocarp.[8] The avocado fruit is a climacteric,[9] single-seeded berry, due to the imperceptible endocarp covering the seed,[5][10] rather than a drupe.[11] The pear-shaped fruit is 7–20 cm (2.8–7.9 in) long, weighs between 100 and 1,000 g (3.5 and 35.3 oz), and has a large central seed, 5–6.4 cm (2.0–2.5 in) long.[4]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Avokado
አማርኛ: አቡካዶ
العربية: أفوكادو
অসমীয়া: আভাকাডো
asturianu: Persea americana
azərbaycanca: Amerika avokadosu
Bân-lâm-gú: A-bú-khá-loh
Basa Banyumasan: Apokat
беларуская: Авакада
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Авакада
Bikol Central: Abukado
Bislama: Avoka
български: Авокадо
català: Alvocat
Cebuano: Abokado
Chamoru: Alagatapeha'
chiTumbuka: Mapeyala
Cymraeg: Afocado
dansk: Avocado
Deutsch: Avocado
Diné bizaad: Chʼil akʼahí
Ελληνικά: Αβοκάντο
Esperanto: Avokado
euskara: Ahuakateondo
فارسی: آووکادو
français: Avocatier
Gaeilge: Abhacád
galego: Aguacate
한국어: 아보카도
հայերեն: Ավոկադո
हिन्दी: रूचिरा
Bahasa Indonesia: Avokad
interlingua: Persea americana
íslenska: Lárpera
עברית: אבוקדו
Basa Jawa: Apokat
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಆವಕಾಡೊ
Kapampangan: Abukadu
ქართული: ავოკადო
қазақша: Авокадо
Kinyarwanda: Avoka
Kiswahili: Mparachichi
коми: Авокадо
Kreyòl ayisyen: Pye zaboka
kurdî: Avokado
Кыргызча: Авокадо
кырык мары: Авокадо
Ladino: Avokado
лакку: Авокадо
latviešu: Avokado
lingála: Sabúká
magyar: Avokádó
മലയാളം: വെണ്ണപ്പഴം
მარგალური: ავოკადო
Bahasa Melayu: Pokok Avokado
Baso Minangkabau: Alpukat
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ထောပတ်ပင်
Nāhuatl: Ahuacacuahuitl
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Pea
Nederlands: Avocado
日本語: アボカド
Nordfriisk: Avokaado
norsk: Avokado
norsk nynorsk: Avokado
پنجابی: ایووکیڈو
Перем Коми: Авокадо
português: Persea americana
reo tahiti: Âvōta
română: Avocado
Runa Simi: Palta
русский: Авокадо
Scots: Avocado
Seeltersk: Avocado
Sesotho sa Leboa: Abokato
shqip: Avokado
Simple English: Avocado
slovenščina: Avokadovec
Soomaaliga: Afakadho
српски / srpski: Авокадо
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Avokado
Basa Sunda: Alpuket
suomi: Avokado
svenska: Avokado
Tagalog: Abukado
татарча/tatarça: Авокадо
తెలుగు: అవకాడో
ትግርኛ: ኣቮካዶ
тоҷикӣ: Авокодо
lea faka-Tonga: ʻĀvoka
Türkçe: Avokado
удмурт: Авокадо
українська: Авокадо
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئاۋكادۇر
Tiếng Việt: Bơ (thực vật)
Winaray: Abokado
ייִדיש: אוואקאדא
粵語: 牛油果
中文: 鳄梨