Autocracy

An autocracy is a system of government in which supreme power is concentrated in the hands of one person, whose decisions are subject to neither external legal restraints nor regularized mechanisms of popular control (except perhaps for the implicit threat of a coup d'état or mass insurrection).[1] Absolute monarchies (such as Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, Brunei and Swaziland) and dictatorships (such as Turkmenistan and North Korea) are the main modern-day forms of autocracy.

In earlier times, the term "autocrat" was coined as a favorable feature of the ruler, having some connection to the concept of "lack of conflicts of interests" as well as an indication of grandeur and power. The Russian Tsar for example was styled, "Autocrat of all the Russians", as late as the early 20th century.

History and etymology

Autocracy comes from the Ancient Greek autós (self) and krátos (power, strength) from Kratos, the Greek personification of authority. In the Medieval Greek language, the term Autocrates was used for anyone holding the title emperor, regardless of the actual power of the monarch. Some historical Slavic monarchs, such as Russian tsars and emperors, included the title Autocrat as part of their official styles, distinguishing them from the constitutional monarchs elsewhere in Europe.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Outokrasie
العربية: أوتوقراطية
asturianu: Autocracia
azərbaycanca: Avtokratiya
Bân-lâm-gú: Choan-chè chèng-tī
беларуская: Аўтакратыя
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Аўтакратыя
български: Автокрация
bosanski: Autokratija
català: Autocràcia
Cebuano: Awtokrasya
čeština: Autokracie
Deutsch: Autokratie
español: Autocracia
Esperanto: Solrego
euskara: Autokrazia
français: Autocratie
galego: Autocracia
한국어: 전제 정치
हिन्दी: एकतन्त्र
hrvatski: Autokracija
Bahasa Indonesia: Otokrasi
italiano: Autocrazia
ქართული: ავტოკრატია
қазақша: Автократия
Кыргызча: Автократия
latviešu: Autokrātija
lietuvių: Autokratija
magyar: Autokrácia
македонски: Автократија
മലയാളം: ഏകാധിപത്യം
მარგალური: ავტოკრატია
مازِرونی: اتوکراسی
Bahasa Melayu: Autokrasi
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Dŭk-cài
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အော်တိုကရေစီ
Nederlands: Autocratie
日本語: 専制政治
norsk: Autokrati
norsk nynorsk: Autokrati
occitan: Autocracia
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Avtokratiya
polski: Autokracja
português: Autocracia
română: Autocrație
русский: Автократия
Scots: Autocracy
shqip: Autokracia
sicilianu: Autucrazzìa
Simple English: Autocracy
slovenčina: Autokracia
slovenščina: Avtokracija
српски / srpski: Аутократија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Autokracija
svenska: Envälde
Tagalog: Awtokrasya
тоҷикӣ: Автократия
Türkçe: Otokrasi
українська: Автократія
粵語: 獨裁主義
中文: 独裁