Republic of Austria Capital and largest city Vienna 48°12′N 16°21′E / 48°12′N 16°21′E / 48.200; 16.350 Official national language German [a] [b] Other languages (41,000), Hungarian (25,000), Slovene (19,500) Burgenland Croatian   Ethnic groups (2018 )  Demonym Austrian Government Federal parliamentary republic Alexander Van der Bellen Sebastian Kurz Heinz-Christian Strache Wolfgang Sobotka Brigitte Bierlein Legislature Parliament Federal Council National Council Establishment history 976 1156 1453 1804 1867 1918 1934 1938 since 1945 27 July 1955 14 December 1955 1 January 1995 Area
83,879 km 2 (32,386 sq mi) ( ) 113th
• Water (%)
• October 2018 estimate
8,857,960 (  ) 96th
104/km 2 (269.4/sq mi) ( ) 106th GDP ( ) PPP 2018 estimate
$461.432 billion 
• Per capita
$51,936 (  ) 17th GDP (nominal) 2018 estimate
$477.672 billion (  ) 29th
• Per capita
$53,764 (  ) 14th Gini (2014) 27.6  · low 14th HDI (2017) 0.908  · very high 20th Currency ( Euro ) € ( [c] ) EUR Time zone ( +01 UTC ) CET ( +02 UTC ) CEST Driving side right Calling code +43 ISO 3166 code AT Internet TLD .at [d] Austria ( / (, ) listen -/;  : German Österreich [ˈøːstɐraɪç] (), officially the ) listen Republic of Austria (German: Republik Österreich, · listen ( help )), is a country of nearly 9 million people (8.86 million as of 2018) in info . It is bordered by the Central Europe and Czech Republic to the north, Germany and Hungary to the east, Slovakia and Slovenia to the south, and Italy and Switzerland to the west. The territory of Austria covers 83,879 km Liechtenstein 2 (32,386 sq mi). The terrain is highly mountainous, lying within the ; only 32% of the country is below 500 m (1,640 ft), and its highest point is 3,798 m (12,461 ft). Alps The majority of the population speaks local  dialects of Bavarian as their native language, German and  in its standard form is the country's German . official language Other local official languages are  , Hungarian , and Burgenland Croatian . Slovene 
Austria is a
with a federal republic parliamentary comprising nine representative democracy . federated states  The capital and largest city, with a population exceeding 1.8 million, is  . Vienna  Other major  include urban areas of Austria , Graz , Linz and Salzburg . Austria is consistently ranked as one of the Innsbruck by per capita GDP terms. The country has developed a richest countries in the world and in 2018 was ranked 20th in the world for its high standard of living . The republic Human Development Index its perpetual declared in foreign political affairs in 1955. Austria has been a member of the United Nations since 1955, neutrality  in 1995, joined the European Union and is a founder of the  . OECD Austria also signed the  in 1995, Schengen Agreement and adopted the  currency in 1999. euro 
The first appearance of the word "Ostarrîchi", circled in red. Modern Austria honours this document, dated 996, as the founding of the nation.
The German name for Austria,
Österreich, derives from the Old High German Ostarrîchi, which meant "eastern realm" and which first appeared in the "Ostarrîchi document" of 996.  This word is probably a translation of  Medieval Latin into a local (Bavarian) dialect. Another theory says that this name comes from the local name of the mountain whose original Slovenian name is "Ostravica" (sharp mountain) - because it is very steep on both sides.
Austria was a prefecture of Bavaria created in 976. The word "Austria" is a Latinisation of the German name and was first recorded in the 12th century. Marchia orientalis
At the time, the Danube basin of Austria (  and Upper ) was the easternmost extent of Bavaria.
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: