Aung San Suu Kyi

Aung San Suu Kyi
Aung San Suu Kyi (December 2011).jpg
1st State Counsellor of Myanmar
Assumed office
6 April 2016
PresidentHtin Kyaw
Myint Swe (Acting)
Win Myint
Preceded byThein Sein (Prime Minister, 2011)
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Assumed office
30 March 2016
PresidentHtin Kyaw
Myint Swe (Acting)
Win Myint
DeputyKyaw Tin
Preceded byWunna Maung Lwin
Minister of the President's Office
Assumed office
30 March 2016
PresidentHtin Kyaw
Myint Swe (Acting)
Win Myint
Preceded byAung Min
Hla Tun
Soe Maung
Soe Thein
Thein Nyunt
Minister of Education
In office
30 March 2016 – 5 April 2016
PresidentHtin Kyaw
Preceded byKhin San Yi
Succeeded byMyo Thein Gyi
Minister of Electricity and Energy
In office
30 March 2016 – 5 April 2016
PresidentHtin Kyaw
Preceded byKhin Maung Soe
Zeya Aung
Succeeded byPe Zin Tun
President of the National League for Democracy
Assumed office
18 November 2011
Preceded byAung Shwe
Leader of the Opposition
In office
2 May 2012 – 29 January 2016
PresidentThein Sein
Preceded bySai Hla Kyaw
General Secretary of the National League for Democracy
In office
27 September 1988 – 18 November 2011
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byPosition abolished
Member of the Burmese House of Representatives
for Kawhmu
In office
2 May 2012 – 30 March 2016
Preceded bySoe Tint
Succeeded byVacant
Majority46,73 (71.38%)
Personal details
Born (1945-06-19) 19 June 1945 (age 73)
Rangoon, Burma
(now Yangon, Myanmar)
Political partyNational League for Democracy
Michael Aris
(m. 1972; d. 1999)
Children2, including Alexander Aris
ParentsAung San (father)
Khin Kyi (mother)
Residence54 University Avenue
Alma materUniversity of Delhi
St Hugh's College, Oxford
SOAS, University of London
AwardsRafto Prize
Sakharov Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
Jawaharlal Nehru Award
International Simón Bolívar Prize
Olof Palme Prize
Bhagwan Mahavir World Peace
Congressional Gold Medal
WebsiteParty website

Aung San Suu Kyi (/; Burmese: အောင်ဆန်းစုကြည်; MLCTS: aung hcan: cu. krany Burmese pronunciation: [àʊɴ sʰáɴ sṵ tɕì]; born 19 June 1945) is a Burmese politician, diplomat, author, and Nobel Peace Prize laureate (1991). She is the leader of the National League for Democracy and the first and incumbent State Counsellor, a position akin to a prime minister.[2] She is also the first woman to serve as Minister for Foreign Affairs, for the President's Office, for Electric Power and Energy, and for Education. From 2012 to 2016 she was an MP for Kawhmu Township to the House of Representatives.

The youngest daughter of Aung San, Father of the Nation of modern-day Myanmar, and Khin Kyi, Aung San Suu Kyi was born in Rangoon, British Burma. After graduating from the University of Delhi in 1964 and the University of Oxford in 1968, she worked at the United Nations for three years. She married Michael Aris in 1972, with whom she had two children. Aung San Suu Kyi rose to prominence in the 1988 Uprisings, and became the General Secretary of the National League for Democracy (NLD), which she had newly formed with the help of several retired army officials who criticized the military junta. In the 1990 elections, NLD won 81% of the seats in Parliament, but the results were nullified, as the military refused to hand over power, resulting in an international outcry. She had, however, already been detained under house arrest before the elections. She remained under house arrest for almost 15 of the 21 years from 1989 to 2010, becoming one of the world's most prominent political prisoners.

Her party boycotted the 2010 elections, resulting in a decisive victory for the military-backed Union Solidarity and Development Party. Aung San Suu Kyi became a Pyithu Hluttaw MP while her party won 43 of the 45 vacant seats in the 2012 by-elections. In the 2015 elections, her party won a landslide victory, taking 86% of the seats in the Assembly of the Union – well more than the 67 percent supermajority needed to ensure that its preferred candidates were elected President and Second Vice President in the Presidential Electoral College. Although she was prohibited from becoming the President due to a clause in the constitution – her late husband and children are foreign citizens – she assumed the newly created role of State Counsellor, a role akin to a Prime Minister or a head of government. Aung San Suu Kyi's honours include the Nobel Peace Prize, which she won in 1991. Time Magazine named her one of the "Children of Gandhi" and his spiritual heir to non-violence.[3]

Since ascending to the office of State Counsellor, Aung San Suu Kyi has drawn criticism from many countries, organisations and figures over her inaction to the persecution of the Rohingya people in Rakhine State and refusal to accept that Myanmar's military has committed massacres.[4][5][6][7] Under her leadership, Myanmar has also drawn international criticism for prosecutions of journalists.


A family portrait, with Aung San Suu Kyi (in white) as a toddler, taken shortly before her father's assassination in 1947

Aung San Suu Kyi, like other Burmese names, includes no surname, but is only a personal name, in her case derived from three relatives: "Aung San" from her father, "Suu" from her paternal grandmother, and "Kyi" from her mother Khin Kyi.[8]

The Burmese refer to her as Daw Aung San Suu Kyi. Daw, literally meaning "aunt", is not part of her name but is an honorific for any older and revered woman, akin to "Madam".[9] Burmese sometimes address her as Daw Suu or Amay Suu ("Mother Suu").[10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Aung San Suu Kyi
Alemannisch: Aung San Suu Kyi
aragonés: Aung San Suu Kyi
asturianu: Aung San Suu Kyi
Bahasa Banjar: Aung San Suu Kyi
Bân-lâm-gú: Aung San Suu Kyi
башҡортса: Аун Сан Су Чжи
беларуская: Аўн Сан Су Чжы
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Аўн Сан Су Чжы
Bikol Central: Aung San Suu Kyi
български: Аун Сан Су Чи
brezhoneg: Aung San Suu Kyi
Esperanto: Aung San Suu Kyi
føroyskt: Aung San Suu Kyi
français: Aung San Suu Kyi
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Aung San Suu Kyi
한국어: 아웅산수찌
Bahasa Indonesia: Aung San Suu Kyi
íslenska: Aung San Suu Kyi
Basa Jawa: Aung San Suu Kyi
ქართული: აუნ სან სუ ჩი
Kiswahili: Aung San Suu Kyi
latviešu: Auna Sana Su Či
Lëtzebuergesch: Aung San Suu Kyi
lietuvių: Aung San Suu Kyi
मैथिली: आङ सान सुकी
македонски: Аунг Сан Су Чи
مازِرونی: آنگ سان سوچی
Bahasa Melayu: Aung San Suu Kyi
Nederlands: Aung San Suu Kyi
नेपाली: आङ सान सुकी
norsk nynorsk: Aung San Suu Kyi
português: Aung San Suu Kyi
Runa Simi: Aung San Suu Kyi
संस्कृतम्: अङ्ग सान् सू की
sicilianu: Aung San Suu Ky
Simple English: Aung San Suu Kyi
slovenčina: Aun Schan Su Ťij
slovenščina: Aung San Su Či
српски / srpski: Аунг Сан Су Ћи
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Aung San Suu Kyi
Türkçe: Ang San Su Çi
українська: Аун Сан Су Чжі
Tiếng Việt: Aung San Suu Kyi
吴语: 昂山素季
粵語: 昂山素姬
中文: 翁山蘇姬
डोटेली: आङ सान सु की
Lingua Franca Nova: Aung San Suu Kyi