Auðumbla licks free Búri as she produces rivers of rivers of milk from her udders in an illustration from an Icelandic 18th century manuscript of the Prose Edda
In Norse mythology, Auðumbla is a primeval cow. The primordial frost jötunnYmir fed from her milk, and over the course of three days she licked away the salty rime rocks and revealed Búri, grandfather of the gods and brothers Odin, Vili and Vé. The creature is solely attested in the Prose Edda, composed in the 13th century by Icelander Snorri Sturluson. Scholars identify her as stemming from a very early stratum of Germanic mythology, and ultimately belonging to larger complex of primordial bovines or cow-associated goddesses.
The cow's name variously appears in Prose Edda manuscripts as Auðumbla, Auðhumla, and Auðumla, and is generally accepted as meaning 'hornless cow rich in milk' (from Old Norse auðr 'riches' and *humala 'hornless').