Astana

Astana
Астана
Capital City
Astana, capital of Kazakhstan 01.jpg
Astana Architecture 02.jpg
Astana, capital of Kazakhstan 02.jpg
Astana Architecture 01.jpg
Astana, capital of Kazakhstan 04.jpg
Nazarbayev University.JPG
L.N.Gumilyov Eurasian National University.JPG
Flag of Astana
Flag
Coat of arms of Astana
Coat of arms
Astana is located in Kazakhstan
Astana
Astana
The location of Astana in Kazakhstan
Coordinates: 51°10′N 71°26′E / 51°10′N 71°26′E / 51.167; 71.433
Country Kazakhstan
Establishedin 1830 as Akmoly[1]
Renamedin 1832 to Akmolinsk[1]
Renamedin 1961 to Tselinograd[1]
Renamedin 1992 to Aqmola[1]
Renamedin 1998 to Astana[2]
Government
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • BodyCity Council of Astana
 • MayorAsset Issekeshev
Area
 • Capital City810.2 km2 (312.8 sq mi)
Elevation347 m (1,138 ft)
Population (1 December 2017)[3]
 • Capital City1,029,556
 • Density1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
 • Metro[4]1,200,000
Time zoneALMT (UTC+6)
Postal code010000–010015[5]
Area code(s)+7 7172[6]
ISO 3166-2AST[7]
License plate01, Z
Websiteastana.gov.kz

Astana (ə/,[8] US: ə/;[9] Kazakh: Астана, Astana [ɑstɑˈnɑ] (About this sound listen); Russian: Астана, Astana [ɐstɐˈna]) is the capital city of Kazakhstan. It is located on the banks of the Ishim River in the north portion of Kazakhstan, within the Aqmola Region, though administered separately from the region as a city with special status. The 2017 official estimate reported a population of 1,029,556 within the city limits, making it the second largest city in Kazakhstan, behind Almaty.[3]

Astana became the capital city of Kazakhstan in 1997, and since then has developed economically into one of the most modernized cities in Central Asia, with futuristic-looking buildings designed by world famous architects.[10] [11]

Modern Astana is a planned city, like Brasília in Brazil, Canberra in Australia, and Washington, D.C. in the United States and other planned capitals.[12] After Astana became the capital of Kazakhstan, the city cardinally changed its shape. The master plan of Astana was designed by Japanese architect Kisho Kurokawa.[12] As the seat of the Government of Kazakhstan, Astana is the site of the Parliament House, the Supreme Court, the Aqorda Presidential Palace and numerous government departments and agencies. It is home to many futuristic buildings, hotels and skyscrapers.[13][14][15] Astana also has extensive healthcare, sports and education systems.

Etymology

Founded in 1830 as a settlement of Akmoly or Akmolinsky prikaz (Russian: Акмолинский приказ), it served as a defensive fortification for the Siberian Cossacks. In 1832 the settlement was granted a town status and renamed Akmolinsk (Russian: Акмолинск). On 20 March 1961 the city was renamed Tselinograd (Russian: Целиноград) to mark the city's evolution as a cultural and administrative center of the Virgin Lands Campaign.[16] In 1992 it was renamed Aqmola, the modified original name meaning "white grave". On 10 December 1997 Aqmola replaced Almaty as the capital of Kazakhstan. On 6 May 1998 it was renamed Astana, which means "capital city" in Kazakh.

Other Languages
Acèh: Astana
Адыгэбзэ: Астана
адыгабзэ: Астана
Afrikaans: Astana
አማርኛ: አስታና
العربية: أستانة
aragonés: Astaná
arpetan: Astana
asturianu: Astaná
авар: Астана
azərbaycanca: Astana
تۆرکجه: آستانا
বাংলা: আস্তানা
Bân-lâm-gú: Astana
башҡортса: Астана
беларуская: Астана
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Астана
български: Астана
བོད་ཡིག: ཨ་སི་ཐ་ན།
bosanski: Astana
brezhoneg: Astana
буряад: Астана
català: Astanà
čeština: Astana
chiShona: Astana
Cymraeg: Astana
dansk: Astana
Deutsch: Astana
dolnoserbski: Astana
eesti: Astana
Ελληνικά: Αστανά
эрзянь: Астана ош
español: Astaná
Esperanto: Astano
euskara: Astana
Fiji Hindi: Astana
français: Astana
Frysk: Astana
Gaeilge: Astana
Gaelg: Astana
Gagauz: Astana
Gàidhlig: Astana
galego: Astana
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Astana
한국어: 아스타나
Հայերեն: Աստանա
हिन्दी: अस्ताना
hornjoserbsce: Astana
hrvatski: Astana
Ido: Astana
Ilokano: Astana
Bahasa Indonesia: Astana, Kazakhstan
Interlingue: Astana
Ирон: Астана
íslenska: Astana
italiano: Astana
עברית: אסטנה
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಅಸ್ತಾನ
ქართული: ასტანა
қазақша: Астана
Kinyarwanda: Astana
Kiswahili: Astana
коми: Астана
Kongo: Astana
Kreyòl ayisyen: Astana
kurdî: Astana
Кыргызча: Астана
кырык мары: Астана
Ladino: Astana
лезги: Астана
لۊری شومالی: آستانە
Latina: Astana
latviešu: Astana
Lëtzebuergesch: Astana
lietuvių: Astana
Ligure: Astana
Livvinkarjala: Astana
lumbaart: Astana
magyar: Asztana
македонски: Астана
Malagasy: Astana
മലയാളം: അസ്താന
Malti: Astana
Māori: Astana
मराठी: अस्ताना
მარგალური: ასტანა
مازِرونی: آستانه
Bahasa Melayu: Astana
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Astana
монгол: Астана
Nāhuatl: Astana
Nederlands: Astana (stad)
नेपाली: अस्ताना
日本語: アスタナ
нохчийн: Астана
Nordfriisk: Astana
norsk: Astana
norsk nynorsk: Astana
occitan: Astana
олык марий: Астана
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Ostona
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਅਸਤਾਨਾ
پنجابی: آستانہ شہر
Papiamentu: Astana
پښتو: استانه
Перем Коми: Астана
Piemontèis: Astana
polski: Astana
português: Astana
Qaraqalpaqsha: Astana
română: Astana
Runa Simi: Astana
русский: Астана
саха тыла: Астана
sardu: Astanà
Scots: Astana
shqip: Astana
sicilianu: Astana
Simple English: Astana
slovenčina: Astana
slovenščina: Astana
ślůnski: Astana
کوردی: ئاستانا
српски / srpski: Астана
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Astana
suomi: Astana
svenska: Astana
Tagalog: Astana
தமிழ்: அஸ்தானா
tarandíne: Astana
татарча/tatarça: Астана
тоҷикӣ: Остона
Türkçe: Astana
Türkmençe: Astana
тыва дыл: Астана
удмурт: Астана
українська: Астана
اردو: آستانہ
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئاستانا
Vahcuengh: Astana
vèneto: Astana
vepsän kel’: Astan
Tiếng Việt: Astana
Volapük: Astana
Võro: Astana
文言: 阿斯塔納
Winaray: Astana
Wolof: Astana
ייִדיש: אסטאנא
Yorùbá: Astana
粵語: 阿斯塔納
Zazaki: Astana
žemaitėška: Astana
中文: 阿斯塔納
Lingua Franca Nova: Astana