Association football

Association football
Ronaldinho and Khedira.jpg
Ronaldinho (No. 80) on the ball during a UEFA Champions League match between A.C. Milan and Real Madrid in 2010
Highest governing bodyFIFA
Nicknames
First playedMid-19th century England[2][3][4]
Characteristics
ContactPermitted (limited)
Team members11 per side (including goalkeeper)
Mixed genderNo, separate competitions
TypeTeam sport, ball sport
EquipmentFootball (or soccer ball)
VenueFootball pitch (also known as football field, football ground, soccer field, soccer pitch or simply "pitch")
GlossaryGlossary of association football
Presence
Country or regionWorldwide
OlympicMen's since the 1900 Olympics and women's since the 1996 Olympics
Paralympic5-a-side since 2004 and 7-a-side since 1984

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer,[a] is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

Football is played in accordance with a set of rules known as the Laws of the Game. The game is played using a spherical ball of 68–70 cm (27–28 in) circumference, known as the football. Two teams of eleven players each compete to get the ball into the other team's goal (between the posts and under the bar), thereby scoring a goal. The team that has scored more goals at the end of the game is the winner; if both teams have scored an equal number of goals then the game is a draw. Each team is led by a captain who has only one official responsibility as mandated by the Laws of the Game: to represent their team in the coin toss prior to kick-off or penalty kicks.[5]

Players are not allowed to touch the ball with hands or arms while it is in play, except for the goalkeepers within the penalty area. Other players mainly use their feet to strike or pass the ball, but may also use any other part of their body except the hands and the arms. The team that scores most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is level at the end of the game, either a draw is declared or the game goes into extra time or a penalty shootout depending on the format of the competition.

Football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football (FIFA; French: Fédération Internationale de Football Association), which organises World Cups for both men and women every four years.[6] The FIFA World Cup has taken place every four years since 1930 with the exception of 1942 and 1946 tournaments, which were cancelled due to World War II. Approximately 190–200 national teams compete in qualifying tournaments within the scope of continental confederations for a place in the finals. The finals tournament, which is held every four years, involves 32 national teams competing over a four-week period.[b] It is the most prestigious football tournament in the world as well as the most widely viewed and followed sporting event in the world, exceeding the Olympic Games.

The most prestigious competition in club football is the UEFA Champions League which attracts an extensive television audience throughout the world. The final of the tournament has been, in recent years, the most-watched annual sporting event in the world.[7] The top five European leagues are the Premier League (England), La Liga (Spain), Bundesliga (Germany), Serie A (Italy), and Ligue 1 (France). Attracting most of the world's best players, each of the leagues has a total wage cost in excess of £600 million/€763 million/US$1.185 billion.[8]

Football is one of a family of football codes, which emerged from various ball games played worldwide since antiquity. The modern game traces its origins to 1863 when the Laws of the Game were originally codified in England by The Football Association.

Name

The rules of association football were codified in England by the Football Association in 1863 and the name association football was coined to distinguish the game from the other forms of football played at the time, specifically rugby football. The first written "reference to the inflated ball used in the game" was in the mid-14th century: "Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe".[9] The Online Etymology Dictionary states that the "rules of the game" were made in 1848, before the "split off in 1863".[10] The term soccer comes from a slang or jocular abbreviation of the word "association", with the suffix "-er" appended to it.[11] The word soccer (which arrived at its final form in 1895) was first recorded in 1889 in the earlier form of socca.[12]

Within the English-speaking world, association football is now usually called "football" in the United Kingdom and mainly "soccer" in Canada and the United States. People in countries where other codes of football are prevalent (Australia, Ireland, Wales, South Africa and New Zealand) may use either term, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now primarily use "football" for the formal name.[13]

Other Languages
Acèh: Sipak bhan
адыгабзэ: Лъэпэеу
Afrikaans: Sokker
Alemannisch: Fussball
አማርኛ: እግር ኳስ
العربية: كرة القدم
aragonés: Fútbol
arpetan: Calço
অসমীয়া: ফুটবল
asturianu: Fútbol
Aymar aru: Phutwul
azərbaycanca: Futbol
تۆرکجه: فوتبال
বাংলা: ফুটবল
Banjar: Main bal
Bân-lâm-gú: Kha-kiû
Basa Banyumasan: Bal-balan
башҡортса: Футбол
беларуская: Футбол
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Футбол
भोजपुरी: फुटबाल
български: Футбол
Boarisch: Fuaßboi
bosanski: Nogomet
brezhoneg: Mell-droad
буряад: Футбол
català: Futbol
Чӑвашла: Футбол
Cebuano: Saker
čeština: Fotbal
Chi-Chewa: Mpira
chiShona: Nhabvu
corsu: Pallò
Cymraeg: Pêl-droed
dansk: Fodbold
davvisámegiella: Spábbačiekčan
Deitsch: Soccer
Deutsch: Fußball
dolnoserbski: Kopańca
डोटेली: फुटबल खेल
eesti: Jalgpall
Ελληνικά: Ποδόσφαιρο
эрзянь: Пильгеоска
español: Fútbol
Esperanto: Futbalo
estremeñu: Fubu
euskara: Futbol
فارسی: فوتبال
føroyskt: Fótbóltur
français: Football
Frysk: Fuotbal
furlan: Balon
Gaeilge: Sacar
Gaelg: Soccer
Gàidhlig: Ball-coise
galego: Fútbol
贛語: 腳球
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐍆𐍉𐍄𐌿𐌱𐌰𐌻𐌻𐌰
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: Futbol
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Chiuk-khiù
한국어: 축구
հայերեն: Ֆուտբոլ
Արեւմտահայերէն: Ֆութպոլ
हिन्दी: फुटबॉल
hornjoserbsce: Kopańca
hrvatski: Nogomet
Ido: Futbalo
Igbo: Footbọl
Ilokano: Putbol
Bahasa Indonesia: Sepak bola
interlingua: Football
Interlingue: Football
ᐃᓄᒃᑎᑐᑦ/inuktitut: ᐊᔪᒃᑕᖅ
Ирон: Футбол
isiZulu: Ibhola
íslenska: Knattspyrna
italiano: Calcio (sport)
עברית: כדורגל
Jawa: Bal-balan
Kabɩyɛ: Pɔɔlɩ maɖʋ
ქართული: ფეხბურთი
kaszëbsczi: Bala
қазақша: Футбол
Kinyarwanda: Umupira w’amaguru
Kiswahili: Mpira wa miguu
коми: Коксяр
Kreyòl ayisyen: Foutbòl
kurdî: Futbol
Кыргызча: Футбол
лакку: Футбол
Latina: Pediludium
latviešu: Futbols
Lëtzebuergesch: Foussball
лезги: Футбол
lietuvių: Futbolas
Limburgs: Voetbal
lingála: Motópi
Livvinkarjala: Jalgumiäččy
lumbaart: Balun
magyar: Labdarúgás
मैथिली: फुटबल
македонски: Фудбал
Malagasy: Baolina kitra
മലയാളം: ഫുട്ബോൾ
Malti: Futbol
मराठी: फुटबॉल
მარგალური: კუჩხბურთი
مصرى: كورة قدم
مازِرونی: فوتوال
Bahasa Melayu: Bola sepak
Minangkabau: Sipak bola
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Kă-giù
Mirandés: Bola (çporto)
монгол: Хөлбөмбөг
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဘောလုံးကစားခြင်း
Nederlands: Voetbal
Nedersaksies: Voetbal
नेपाली: फुटबल खेल
日本語: サッカー
Napulitano: Pallone
нохчийн: Футбол
Nordfriisk: Futbaal
norsk: Fotball
norsk nynorsk: Fotball
Novial: Balonpede
occitan: Fotbòl
олык марий: Футбол
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Futbol
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਫੁੱਟਬਾਲ
پنجابی: فٹ بال
پښتو: فوټبال
ភាសាខ្មែរ: បាល់ទាត់
Picard: Fotbale
Tok Pisin: Soka
Plattdüütsch: Football
português: Futebol
Qaraqalpaqsha: Futbol
Ripoarisch: Foßball
română: Fotbal
rumantsch: Ballape
Runa Simi: Sinku hayt'ay
русиньскый: Фотбал
русский: Футбол
саха тыла: Футбол
Gagana Samoa: Soka
sardu: Fùbalu
Scots: Fitbaw
Seeltersk: Foutbal
Sesotho sa Leboa: Kgwele ya maoto
shqip: Futbolli
sicilianu: Palluni (sport)
Simple English: Association football
slovenčina: Futbal
slovenščina: Nogomet
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Фоутболъ
ślůnski: Fusbal
Soomaaliga: Kubadda Cagta
کوردی: تۆپی پێ
српски / srpski: Фудбал
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Fudbal
Sunda: Maén bal
suomi: Jalkapallo
svenska: Fotboll
Tagalog: Futbol
Taqbaylit: Ddabex uḍar
татарча/tatarça: Футбол
తెలుగు: కాల్బంతి
тоҷикӣ: Футбол
ತುಳು: ಸಾಕರ್
Türkçe: Futbol
Türkmençe: Futbol
Thuɔŋjäŋ: Adiircök
українська: Футбол
Vahcuengh: Cukgiuz
vèneto: Bałon (spor)
Tiếng Việt: Bóng đá
Võro: Jalgpall
walon: Fotbale
文言: 足球
West-Vlams: Voetbol
Winaray: Futbol
Wolof: Football
吴语: 足球
ייִדיש: פוטבאל
粵語: 足球
Zazaki: Futbol
žemaitėška: Fotbuols
中文: 足球