Assam

Assam
Clockwise from top Academic complex of IIT Guwahati, Ahom Raja Palace, Kamakhya Temple, Rang Ghar, Kolia Bhomora Setu, Kaziranga Rhino and Sivasagar Sivadol.
Motto(s): 
Joy Aai Asom (Hail mother Assam)
Anthem: "[1]
(O my Dearest Country)
IN-AS.svg
Coordinates (Dispur, Guwahati): 26°08′N 91°46′E / 26°08′N 91°46′E / 26.14; 91.77 Assam has had a legislature since 1937.[9]
Symbols
Language
Oxomiya in Oxomiya Lipi.svg
Assamese
Dance
Bihu dance of Assam.jpg
Bihu dance
Animal
KAZIRANGA.JPG
One horned rhinoceros
Bird
White-winged Wood Duck (Cairina scutulata) RWD5.jpg
White-winged wood duck
Flower
A and B Larsen orchids - Rhynchostylis retusa 1015-24.jpg
Rhynchostylis retusa
TreeDipterocarpus macrocarpus
River
A view of sunset from Biswanath Ghat.jpg
Brahmaputra

Assam (Assamese pronunciation: [ɔxɔm] (About this soundlisten)) is a state in northeast India, situated south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys. Assam covers an area of 78,438 km2 (30,285 sq mi). The state is bordered by Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh to the north; Nagaland and Manipur to the east; Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram and Bangladesh to the south; and West Bengal to the west via the Siliguri Corridor, a 22 kilometres (14 mi) strip of land that connects the state to the rest of India.

Assam is known for Assam tea and Assam silk. The state was the first in Asia, where oil was drilled.[10] Assam has conserved the one-horned Indian rhinoceros from near extinction, along with the wild water buffalo, pygmy hog, tiger and various species of Asiatic birds, and provides one of the last wild habitats for the Asian elephant. The Assamese economy is aided by wildlife tourism to Kaziranga National Park and Manas National Park, which are World Heritage Sites. Sal tree forests are found in the state which, as a result of abundant rainfall, look green all year round. Assam receives more rainfall than most parts of India; this rain feeds the Brahmaputra River, whose tributaries and oxbow lakes provide the region with a hydro-geomorphic environment.

Etymology

The precise etymology of the modern anglicised word "Assam" is ambiguous. In the classical period and up to the 12th century the region east of the Karatoya river, largely congruent to present-day Assam, was called Kamarupa, and alternatively, Pragjyotisha.[11] In medieval times the Mughals used Asham (eastern Assam) and Kamrup (western Assam),[12][13][14] and during British colonialism, the English used Assam. Though many authors have associated the name with the 13th century Shan invaders[15] the precise origin of the name is not clear. It was suggested by some that the Sanskrit word Asama ("unequalled", "peerless", etc.) was the root, which has been rejected by Kakati,[16] and more recent authors have concurred that it is a latter-day Sanskritization of a native name.[17] Among possible origins are Tai (A-Cham)[18] and Bodo (Ha-Sam).[19]

Other Languages
Acèh: Assam
Afrikaans: Assam
አማርኛ: አሳም
العربية: آسام
aragonés: Asam
অসমীয়া: অসম
asturianu: Assam
azərbaycanca: Assam
تۆرکجه: آسام
বাংলা: আসাম
Bân-lâm-gú: Assam
беларуская: Асам
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Асам
भोजपुरी: आसाम
български: Асам
བོད་ཡིག: ཨཱསཱམ།
brezhoneg: Asam
català: Assam
Чӑвашла: Асам
čeština: Ásám
Cymraeg: Assam
dansk: Assam
Deutsch: Assam
ދިވެހިބަސް: އާސާމު
डोटेली: आसाम
eesti: Assam
Ελληνικά: Ασσάμ
español: Assam
Esperanto: Asamo
euskara: Assam
فارسی: آسام
Fiji Hindi: Assam
français: Assam
Gaeilge: Assam
galego: Assam
ગુજરાતી: આસામ
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: आसाम
한국어: 아삼주
հայերեն: Ասսամ
हिन्दी: असम
hornjoserbsce: Asam
hrvatski: Assam
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: অসম
Bahasa Indonesia: Assam
Ирон: Ассам
íslenska: Assam
italiano: Assam
עברית: אסאם
Jawa: Assam
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಅಸ್ಸಾಂ
Kapampangan: Assam
ქართული: ასამის შტატი
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: آسام
қазақша: Ассам
Kiswahili: Assam
لۊری شومالی: آسام
Latina: Asama
latviešu: Asama
lietuvių: Asamas
magyar: Asszám
मैथिली: असम
македонски: Асам
Malagasy: Assam
മലയാളം: ആസാം
मराठी: आसाम
მარგალური: ასამიშ შტატი
Bahasa Melayu: Assam
монгол: Ассам
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အာသံပြည်နယ်
Nederlands: Assam
नेपाली: आसाम
नेपाल भाषा: आसाम
日本語: アッサム州
нохчийн: Ассам
Nordfriisk: Assam
norsk: Assam
norsk nynorsk: Assam
occitan: Assam
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଆସାମ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Accom
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਅਸਾਮ
پنجابی: آسام
پښتو: آسام
polski: Asam
português: Assam
română: Assam
Runa Simi: Assam
русский: Ассам
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱟᱥᱟᱢ
संस्कृतम्: असमराज्यम्
Scots: Assam
shqip: Assam
Simple English: Assam
سنڌي: آسام
slovenčina: Ásam
ślůnski: Assam
српски / srpski: Асам
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Assam
suomi: Assam
svenska: Assam
Tagalog: Assam
தமிழ்: அசாம்
татарча/tatarça: Ассам
తెలుగు: అసోం
тоҷикӣ: Ассам
Türkçe: Assam
українська: Ассам
اردو: آسام
vèneto: Assam
Tiếng Việt: Assam
Winaray: Assam
吴语: 阿萨姆邦
ייִדיש: אסאם
Yorùbá: Assam
粵語: 阿薩姆邦
中文: 阿萨姆邦