this article is about the islamic holy day. for the traditional dessert, see ashure. for other uses, see ashura (disambiguation).
10th day of the islamic month muharram
ashura mourning in imam hossein square, tehran, 2016
hosay, tabuik, tabot, the day of atonement
islamic and national (in some countries such as afghanistan, republic of azerbaijan, bahrain, iran, lebanon, pakistan, bangladesh, iraq, india, and indonesia)
marks the martyrdom of husayn ibn ali; the day that moses fasted as gratitude for the liberation of the israelites according to sunni islam
mourn and derive messages from husayn's sacrifice (shia islam); fasting (sunni islam)
once every islamic year
part of a series on
beliefs and practices
succession to muhammad
mourning of muharram
the four companions
verse of purification
battle of karbala
branches of shi‘i islam
other extinct shia sects
khadija bint khuwaylid
zaynab bint ali
umm kulthum bint ali
fatimah bint hasan
sukayna bint husayn
fatimah bint musa
fatimah bint asad
umm farwah bint al-qasim
sayyida ruqayya bint ali
shia islam portal
ashura (arabic: عَاشُورَاء, romanized: ʿĀshūrāʾ[ʕaːʃuːˈraːʔ]), also known as yawm ashura (arabic: يَوْم عَاشُورَاء), is the tenth day of muharram, the first month in the islamic calendar. it marks the day that husayn ibn ali, the grandson of the islamic prophet muhammad, was martyred in the battle of karbala. ashura is a major holiday and occasion for pilgrimage in shia islam, as well as a recommended but non-obligatory day of fasting in sunni islam.
ashura marks the climax of the remembrance of muharram, the annual commemoration of the death of husayn and his family and supporters at the battle of karbala on 10muharram in the year 61ah (in aht: october 10, 680ce). mourning for the incident began almost immediately after the battle. popular elegies were written by poets to commemorate the battle of karbala during the umayyad and abbasid era, and the earliest public mourning rituals occurred in 963ce during the buyid dynasty.
in afghanistan,iran,iraq,lebanon,bahrain and pakistan ashura has become a national holiday, and many ethnic and religious communities participate in it.
for sunni muslims, ashura also marks the day that moses and the israelites were saved from pharaoh by god creating a path in the sea or noah leaving the ark.