As-Salih Ayyub

As-Salih Najm Al-Din Ayyub
Sultan of Egypt
Reign1240 – 22 November 1249
PredecessorAl-Adil II
SuccessorAl-Muazzam Turanshah
Sultan of Damascus
(first reign)
Reign1239
PredecessorAl-Adil II
SuccessorAs-Salih Ismail
(second reign)
Reign1245 – 22 November 1249
PredecessorAs-Salih Ismail
SuccessorAl-Muazzam Turanshah
Born5 November 1205
Cairo
Died22 November 1249
ConsortShajar al-Durr
IssueAl-Muazzam Turanshah
Full name
Salih Najm al-Din Ayyu
DynastyAyyubid dynasty
FatherAl-Kamil
ReligionIslam

Al-Malik as-Salih Najm al-Din Ayyub (Arabic: الملك الصالح نجم الدين ايوب‎; Cairo, 5 November 1205 – 22 November 1249 in Al Mansurah), nickname: Abu al-Futuh (أبو الفتوح), also known as al-Malik al-Salih, was the Ayyubid ruler of Egypt from 1240 to 1249.

Early life

In 1221 as-Salih became a hostage at the end of the Fifth Crusade, while John of Brienne became a hostage of as-Salih's father Al-Kamil, until Damietta was reconstructed and restored to Egypt.[1] In 1232 he was given Hasankeyf in the Jazirah (now part of Turkey), which his father had captured from the Artuqids. In 1234 his father sent him to rule Damascus, removing him from the succession in Egypt after suspecting him of conspiring against him with the Mamluks. His uncle as-Salih Ismail soon expelled him from Damascus, and he fled to the Jazirah, where he allied with the Khwarezmians.

In 1238 al-Kamil died leaving as-Salih his designated heir in the Jazira, and his other son Al-Adil II as his heir in Egypt.[2] In the dynastic disputes which followed, as-Salih took control of Damascus,[3] in 1239, and set about using it as a base for enlarging his domain. He received representations from his father's old Emirs in Egypt, who appealed to him to remove his brother, and in early 1240, while making ready to invade Egypt, he was informed that his brother had been captured by his soldiers and was being held prisoner. As-Salih was invited to come at once and assume the Sultanate.[4] In June 1240, As-Salih made a triumphal entry into Cairo and became paramount ruler of the Ayyubid family.[4]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: As-Salih
العربية: الصالح أيوب
Deutsch: As-Salih
español: Al-Salih Ayyub
한국어: 살리흐
italiano: Al-Salih Ayyub
Bahasa Melayu: As-Salih Ayyub
日本語: サーリフ
português: Sale Aiube
српски / srpski: Ејуб
Türkçe: Salih Eyyub