Arundo is a genus of stout, perennial plants in the grass family.
Arundo is native to southern Europe, North Africa, and much of temperate Asia as far east as Japan. They grow to 3–6 m tall, occasionally to 10 m, with leaves 30–60 cm long and 3–6 cm broad.
- Arundo collina Ten.
- Arundo donax L. – Giant cane, Spanish cane (south and east Mediterranean, to India; naturalised in many additional areas and often invasive)
- Arundo formosana Hack. – Nansei-shoto, Taiwan, Philippines
- Arundo mediterranea Danin – Mediterranean
- Arundo micrantha Lam. – Mediterranean
- Arundo plinii Turra – Pliny's reed – Greece, Italy, Albania, Croatia
- formerly included
over 200 species once considered part of Arundo but now regarded as better suited to other genera: Achnatherum, Agrostis, Ammophila, Ampelodesmos, Arthrostylidium, Arundinaria, Austroderia, Austrofestuca, Bambusa, Calamagrostis, Calammophila, Calamovilfa, Chionochloa, Chusquea, Cinna, Cortaderia, Dendrocalamus, Deschampsia, Dupontia, Gastridium, Gigantochloa, Graphephorum, Gynerium, Imperata, Indocalamus, Melica, Miscanthus, Molinia, Muhlenbergia, Neyraudia, Phalaris, Phragmites, Poa, Psammochloa, Rytidosperma, Saccharum, Schizostachyum, Scolochloa, Stipa, Thysanolaena, Trisetaria.