Arthur Ransome

Arthur Ransome
Cover of Ransome's autobiography
Cover of Ransome's autobiography
BornArthur Michell Ransome
(1884-01-18)18 January 1884
Leeds, England
Died3 June 1967(1967-06-03) (aged 83)
Cheadle Royal Hospital, Greater Manchester, England
Resting placeSt Paul's Church, Rusland, Cumbria, England
OccupationAuthor, journalist
GenreChildren's literature
Notable worksSwallows and Amazons series of books
Notable awardsCarnegie Medal

Arthur Michell Ransome (18 January 1884 – 3 June 1967) was an English author and journalist. He is best known for writing the Swallows and Amazons series of children's books about the school-holiday adventures of children, mostly in the Lake District and the Norfolk Broads. The books remain popular and Swallows and Amazons is the basis for a tourist industry around Windermere and Coniston Water, the two lakes Ransome adapted as his fictional North Country lake.

He also wrote about the literary life of London, and about Russia before, during, and after the revolutions of 1917. His connection with the leaders of the Revolution led to him providing information to the Secret Intelligence Service, while he was also suspected of being a Soviet spy by MI5.

Early life

Ransome was the son of Cyril Ransome (1851–1897) and his wife Edith née Boulton (1862–1944). Arthur was the eldest of four children: he had two sisters Cecily and Joyce, and a brother Geoffrey who was killed in the First World War in 1918.[1]

Ransome was born in Leeds;[2] the house at 6 Ash Grove, in the Hyde Park area and has a blue plaque beside the door commemorating his birthplace.[3] Ransome's father was professor of history at Yorkshire College, Leeds (now the University of Leeds). The family regularly holidayed at Nibthwaite in the Lake District, and he was carried up to the top of Coniston Old Man as an infant. His father's premature death in 1897 had a lasting effect on him. His mother Edith did not want him to abandon his studies for writing, but was later supportive of his books. She urged him to publish The Picts and the Martyrs in 1943, although his second wife Evgenia hated it; Genia was often discouraging about his books while he was writing them.

Ransome was educated first in Windermere and then at Rugby School (where he lived in the same study room that had been used by Lewis Carroll) but did not entirely enjoy the experience, because of his poor eyesight, lack of athletic skill, and limited academic achievement. He attended Yorkshire College, his father's college, studying chemistry.

Other Languages
العربية: آرثر رانسوم
تۆرکجه: ارثر رانسوم
čeština: Arthur Ransome
español: Arthur Ransome
français: Arthur Ransome
한국어: 아서 랜섬
Кыргызча: Артур Рэнсом
മലയാളം: ആർതർ റാൻസം
русский: Рэнсом, Артур
Simple English: Arthur Ransome