Art Nouveau

Art Nouveau
Abbesses.JPG
Alfons Mucha - F. Champenois Imprimeur-Éditeur.jpg
Louis comfort tiffany, lampada da tavolo pomb lily, 1900-10 ca..JPG
Louis Majorelle - Wall Cabinet - Walters 6587.jpg
Tassel House stairway.JPG
Paris metro station Abbesses, by Hector Guimard (1900); Lithograph by Alphonse Mucha (1897); Lamp by Louis Comfort Tiffany (1900–1910); Wall cabinet by Louis Majorelle; Interior of Hôtel Tassel by Victor Horta (1894)
Years active1890–1910
CountryWestern World

Art Nouveau (r/; French: [aʁ nuvo]) is an international style of art, architecture and applied art, especially the decorative arts. It was most popular between 1890 and 1910.[1] A reaction to the academic art of the 19th century, it was inspired by natural forms and structures, particularly the curved lines of plants and flowers.

Art Nouveau is a total art style: It embraces a wide range of fine and decorative arts, including architecture, painting, graphic art, interior design, jewelry, furniture, textiles, ceramics, glass art, and metal work.

By 1910, Art Nouveau's influence had faded. It was replaced as the dominant European architectural and decorative style first by Art Deco and then by Modernism.[2][3]

Each year, since 2013, the World Art Nouveau Day is celebrated.

Naming

Art Nouveau took its name from the Maison de l'Art Nouveau (House of the New Art), an art gallery opened in 1895 by the Franco-German art dealer Siegfried Bing. In France, Art Nouveau was also sometimes called by the British term "Modern Style", due to its roots in the Arts and Crafts movement, Style moderne, or Style 1900.[4] It was also sometimes called Style Jules Verne, Le Style Métro (after Hector Guimard's iron and glass subway entrances), Art Belle Époque, and Art fin de siècle.[5]

English uses the French name Art Nouveau (new art). The style is related to, but not identical with, styles that emerged in many countries in Europe at about the same time. Their local names were also used to characterize the whole movement in the respective countries:

  • In Belgium, where the architectural movement began, along with Art Nouveau it was sometimes termed Style nouille (noodle style) or Style coup de fouet (whiplash style),[5]
  • In Britain, it was known as the Modern Style, or, because of works of Glasgow School, as the "Glasgow" style. It is known as Modern (Модерн) in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Russia and Ukraine, Modernas in Lithuania after that,
  • In Germany, Scandinavia, a related style was called Jugendstil, after the popular German art magazine of that name.[5]. It is now called Jugend in finland, Juugend in Estonia, Jūgendstils in Latvia. In Denmark it is also known as Skønvirke, in Germany - also as Reformstil,
  • In Austria and the neighboring countries then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, a similar style emerged, called Secessionsstil in German after the artists of the Vienna Secession (Hungarian: szecesszió, Czech: secese, Slovak: secesia, Polish: secesja) or Wiener Jugendstil,
  • In Italy, because of the popularity of designs from London's Liberty & Co department store (mostly designed by Archibald Knox), it was often called Stile Liberty ("Liberty style"), Stile floreale, or Arte nuova (New Art),
  • In the United States, due to its association with Louis Comfort Tiffany, it was often called the "Tiffany style".[3][4]
  • In the Netherlands it was called Nieuwe Kunst (new art)[3][4], in Portugal - Arte nova (both meaning new art).
  • In Spain, the related style was known as Modernismo, Modernisme (in Catalan) and Arte joven ("young art").

Some names refer specifically to the organic forms that were popular with the Art Nouveau artists: Stile Floreal ("floral style") in France; Paling Stijl ("eel style") in Belgium [6][7], Style Sapin (fir-tree style) in Switzerland and Wellenstil ("wave style") and Lilienstil ("lily style") in Germany.[4]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Jugendstil
Alemannisch: Jugendstil
العربية: فن جديد
azərbaycanca: Modern
Bân-lâm-gú: Art nouveau
беларуская: Мадэрн
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Мадэрн
български: Ар нуво
Boarisch: Jugendstil
bosanski: Art Nouveau
brezhoneg: Arz Nevez
català: Modernisme
Чӑвашла: Модерн
čeština: Secese
dansk: Jugendstil
Deutsch: Jugendstil
eesti: Juugend
Ελληνικά: Αρ Νουβό
Esperanto: Secesio (stilo)
euskara: Art Nouveau
فارسی: هنر نو
français: Art nouveau
Frysk: Jugendstil
Gaeilge: Art Nouveau
galego: Art Nouveau
한국어: 아르 누보
հայերեն: Մոդեռն
hrvatski: Secesija
Bahasa Indonesia: Art Nouveau
interlingua: Art Nouveau
italiano: Art Nouveau
עברית: אר נובו
ქართული: არტ-ნუვო
қазақша: Модерн
kurdî: Modernîzm
Кыргызча: Модерн
latviešu: Jūgendstils
Lëtzebuergesch: Jugendstil
lietuvių: Modernas
Limburgs: Art nouveau
Lingua Franca Nova: Arte nova
magyar: Szecesszió
македонски: Југендстил
മലയാളം: ആർട് നൂവോ
Nederlands: Jugendstil
Napulitano: Liberty
norsk: Jugendstil
norsk nynorsk: Art nouveau
Nouormand: Art Nouvé
پنجابی: آرٹ نوو
Picard: Art nouvieu
português: Art nouveau
română: Art Nouveau
русский: Модерн
sardu: Modernismu
Seeltersk: Juugendstil
Simple English: Art Nouveau
slovenčina: Secesia
slovenščina: Art nouveau
српски / srpski: Сецесија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Art nouveau
suomi: Jugend
svenska: Jugend
Tagalog: Art Nouveau
Türkçe: Art Nouveau
українська: Модерн (мистецтво)
Tiếng Việt: Art Nouveau