Arno Allan Penzias

Arno Allan Penzias
Arno Penzias.jpg
Born (1933-04-26) April 26, 1933 (age 85)
Munich, Germany
NationalityUnited States
Alma materCity College of New York
Columbia University
Known forCosmic Microwave Background Radiation
Spouse(s)Anne Pearl Barras (m. 1954; 3 children)
AwardsHenry Draper Medal (1977)
Nobel Prize in Physics (1978)
Harold Pender Award (1991)
IRI Medal (1998)
Scientific career
FieldsPhysics
InstitutionsBell Labs

Arno Allan Penzias (s/; born 26 April 1933) is an American physicist, radio astronomer and Nobel laureate in physics who is co-discoverer of the cosmic microwave background radiation along with Robert Woodrow Wilson, which helped establish the Big Bang theory of cosmology.

Early life and education

Penzias was born in Munich, Germany, the son of Justine (née Eisenreich) and Karl Penzias, who ran a leather business.[1][2] His grandparents had come to Munich from Poland and were among the leaders of the Reichenbach Strasse Shul. At age six, he and his brother Gunther were among the Jewish children evacuated to Britain as part of the Kindertransport rescue operation. Some time later,[3] his parents also fled Nazi Germany for the U.S., and the family settled in the Garment District of New York City in 1940. In 1946, Penzias became a naturalized citizen of the United States. He graduated from Brooklyn Technical High School in 1951[4] and after enrolling to study chemistry at the City College of New York, he changed majors and graduated 1954 with a degree in physics, ranked near the top of his class.

Following graduation, Penzias served for two years as a radar officer in the U.S. Army Signal Corps. This led to a research assistantship in the Columbia University Radiation Laboratory, which was then heavily involved in microwave physics. Penzias worked under Charles Townes, who later invented the maser.

Next, Penzias enrolled as a graduate student at Columbia in 1956. He earned a Ph.D. in physics from Columbia University in 1962.[5]

Other Languages
العربية: آرنو بينزياس
беларуская: Арно Алан Пензіяс
български: Арно Пензиас
Deutsch: Arno Penzias
Ελληνικά: Άρνο Πενζίας
հայերեն: Առնո Փենզիաս
Bahasa Indonesia: Arno Penzias
italiano: Arno Penzias
Kiswahili: Arno Penzias
Kreyòl ayisyen: Arno Allan Penzias
latviešu: Arno Penziass
Lëtzebuergesch: Arno Penzias
Nederlands: Arno Allan Penzias
norsk nynorsk: Arno Allan Penzias
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Arno Allan Penzias
polski: Arno Penzias
português: Arno Allan Penzias
संस्कृतम्: आर्नो पेन्जियस
slovenčina: Arno Allan Penzias
slovenščina: Arno Allan Penzias
српски / srpski: Арно Пензијас
svenska: Arno Penzias
Tiếng Việt: Arno Allan Penzias