Armenians

Armenians
Հայեր Hayer
Flag of Armenia.svg
Total population
c. 6[1]8 million[2]
Regions with significant populations
Armenia3,018,854[3]
Russia1,182,388[4]–2,900,000[5]
United States1,000,366[6]–1,500,000[7]
France250,000[8]–750,000[9]
Georgia
 • Abkhazia[note 1]
168,191[10]
41,864[11]
Artsakh[note 2]146,573[12]
Lebanon150,000[13]
Iran120,000[14]
Germany90,000–110,000[15]
Syria[note 3]100,000[16]
Ukraine100,000[17]
Brazil100,000[18][19]
Greece80,000[20]
Argentina70,000[21]
Turkey60,000[22]
Canada55,740[23]
Poland50,000[24]
Languages
Armenian
Religion
Christianity
Armenian Apostolic Church · Catholic · Protestant
Related ethnic groups
Hemshin, Cherkesogai,

Armenians (Armenian: հայեր, hayer [hɑˈjɛɾ]) are an ethnic group native to the Armenian Highlands.

Armenians constitute the main population of Armenia and the de facto independent Artsakh. There is a wide-ranging diaspora of around 5 million people of full or partial Armenian ancestry living outside modern Armenia. The largest Armenian populations today exist in Russia, the United States, France, Georgia, Iran, Germany, Ukraine, Lebanon, Brazil and Syria. With the exceptions of Iran and the former Soviet states, the present-day Armenian diaspora was formed mainly as a result of the Armenian Genocide.[25]

Most Armenians adhere to the Armenian Apostolic Church, a non-Chalcedonian church, which is also the world's oldest national church. Christianity began to spread in Armenia soon after Jesus' death, due to the efforts of two of his apostles, St. Thaddeus and St. Bartholomew.[26] In the early 4th century, the Kingdom of Armenia became the first state to adopt Christianity as a state religion.[27]

Armenian is an Indo-European language. It has two mutually intelligible and written forms: Eastern Armenian, today spoken mainly in Armenia, Artsakh, Iran and the former Soviet republics, and Western Armenian, used in the historical Western Armenia and, after the Armenian Genocide, primarily in the Armenian diasporan communities. The unique Armenian alphabet was invented in 405 AD by Mesrop Mashtots.

Etymology

Hayk, the legendary founder of the Armenian nation. Painting by Mkrtum Hovnatanian (1779–1846)

Historically, the name Armenian has come to internationally designate this group of people. It was first used by neighbouring countries of ancient Armenia. The earliest attestations of the exonym Armenia date around the 6th century BC. In his trilingual Behistun Inscription dated to 517 BC, Darius I the Great of Persia refers to Urashtu (in Babylonian) as Armina (in Old Persian; Armina (Old Persian a.png Old Persian ra.png Old Persian mi.png Old Persian i.png Old Persian na.png) and Harminuya (in Elamite). In Greek, Αρμένιοι "Armenians" is attested from about the same time, perhaps the earliest reference being a fragment attributed to Hecataeus of Miletus (476 BC).[28] Xenophon, a Greek general serving in some of the Persian expeditions, describes many aspects of Armenian village life and hospitality in around 401 BC. He relates that the people spoke a language that to his ear sounded like the language of the Persians.[29]

Armenians call themselves Hay (Հայ, pronounced [ˈhaj]; plural: Հայեր, [haˈjɛɾ]). The name has traditionally been derived from Hayk (Հայկ), the legendary patriarch of the Armenians and a great-great-grandson of Noah, who, according to Moses of Chorene, defeated the Babylonian king Bel in 2492 BC and established his nation in the Ararat region.[30] It is also further postulated[31][32] that the name Hay comes from one of the two confederated, Hittite vassal states—the Ḫayaša-Azzi (1600–1200 BC).

Movses Khorenatsi, the important early medieval Armenian historian, wrote that the word Armenian originated from the name Armenak or Aram (the descendant of Hayk).

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Armeniërs
العربية: أرمن
aragonés: Armenios
авар: Армянал
azərbaycanca: Ermənilər
تۆرکجه: ائرمنیلر
беларуская: Армяне
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Армяне
български: Арменци
català: Armenis
Чӑвашла: Эрменсем
čeština: Arméni
dansk: Armeniere
Deutsch: Armenier
dolnoserbski: Armenijarje
Ελληνικά: Αρμένιοι
эрзянь: Армянт
español: Pueblo armenio
Esperanto: Armenoj
euskara: Armeniar
français: Arméniens
Frysk: Armenen
Gaeilge: Airméanaigh
galego: Pobo armenio
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Armenia-ngìn
Հայերեն: Հայեր
hrvatski: Armenci
Bahasa Indonesia: Bangsa Armenia
italiano: Armeni
עברית: ארמנים
къарачай-малкъар: Эрменлиле
ქართული: სომხები
қазақша: Армяндар
kurdî: Ermenî
Кыргызча: Армяндар
лакку: Армани
лезги: Эрменияр
Latina: Armenii
latviešu: Armēņi
Lëtzebuergesch: Armenier
lietuvių: Armėnai
magyar: Örmények
македонски: Ерменци
მარგალური: სომეხეფი
Nederlands: Armeniërs
нохчийн: Эрмалой
norsk: Armenere
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Armanlar
Plattdüütsch: Armeniers
polski: Ormianie
português: Armênios
română: Armeni (popor)
русский: Армяне
саха тыла: Эрмээннэр
Scots: Armenies
shqip: Armenët
Simple English: Armenians
slovenčina: Arméni
slovenščina: Armenci
српски / srpski: Јермени
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Armenci
Basa Sunda: Urang Arménia
svenska: Armenier
татарча/tatarça: Әрмәннәр
Türkçe: Ermeniler
українська: Вірмени
vepsän kel’: Armenijalaižed
Tiếng Việt: Người Armenia
Zazaki: Ermeni