Argentine Primera División

Superliga Argentina
Founded1891; 127 years ago (1891)[1][2]
Number of teams28
Level on pyramid1
Relegation toPrimera B Nacional
Domestic cup(s)Copa Argentina
Supercopa Argentina
International cup(s)Copa Libertadores
Copa Sudamericana
Current championsBoca Juniors (2017–18)
Most championshipsRiver Plate (36 titles) [3][4]
Top goalscorerArsenio Erico (295)[5]
TV partnersFox Sports Premium
TNT Sports[6]
WebsiteOfficial webpage

The Primera División (Spanish pronunciation: [pɾiˈmeɾa ðiβiˈsjon]; English: First Division), named Superliga Argentina (English: Argentine Superleague) since the 2017–18 season,[7] is a professional football league in Argentina,[8] organised by the homonymous entity, that is administrated independently and has its own statute.[9] Nevertheless, the Superliga is contractually linked with the main football body, the Argentine Football Association (AFA)[10] that had been organising all the championships from 1893 to 2017.

The Primera División is the country's premier football division and is at the top of the Argentine football league system. It operates on a system of promotion and relegation with the Primera B Nacional (second division), with the teams placed lowest at the end of the season being relegated. The season runs from August to May.[11]

In 1891 Argentina was the first country outside the United Kingdom to establish a football league. In the early years, only teams from Buenos Aires and Rosario[12] were affiliated to the national association. Teams from other cities would join in later years.

The Primera División turned professional in 1931 when 18 clubs broke away from the amateur leagues to form a professional one. Since then, the season has been contested annually in four different formats and calendars. The league has been under its current format since the 2015 season.

The Argentine championship was ranked in the top 10 as one of the strongest leagues in the world (for 1 January 2015 – 31 December 2015 period) by the International Federation of Football History & Statistics (IFFHS). Argentina placed 4th after La Liga (Spain), Serie A (Italy) and Bundesliga (Germany).[13]

Format and teams


There are 26 teams competing in the 2018–19 season, with all of them playing each other in a single round-robin tournament (a total of 25 rounds). The "Fecha de clásicos" (and additional local derby match) was again dismissed for the current season.[14]

The winner of the "Superliga" is awarded with a trophy launched especially for the occasion. The cup was designed by renowned goldsmith Adrián Pallarols.[15] Apart from the trophy for the winning team, commemorative medals were also launched to award their players.[16]

As 2017–18 champion, Boca Juniors was the first team awarded with the Superliga trophy.[17]


Relegation is based on an averaging system.[18] At the end of the season, the four teams with the worst three-year averages are relegated, while the winner and runner-up of Primera B Nacional championship are promoted to Primera.[7]

Domestic cups

The Primera División champion gains a place to play the Supercopa Argentina v. the winner of Copa Argentina.

International cups

As of 2017–18, five teams from Argentina are eligible to play the Copa Libertadores. The champion of Primera División automatically qualifies for the tournament. The other four teams best placed in the table at the end of the tournament (2nd to 5th) are also eligible to play the Cup. Teams placed 2nd to 4th in the table qualify to play the group stage while the team placed 5th will enter to the first stage of the competition.

For the Copa Sudamericana, six teams are eligible. Clubs placed 6th to 11th in the table at the end of the tournament, will play the cup.

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