Archducal hat, the coronet of an archduke

Archduke (feminine: Archduchess; German: Erzherzog, feminine form: Erzherzogin) was the title borne from 1358 by the Habsburg rulers of the Archduchy of Austria, and later by all senior members of that dynasty. It denotes a rank within the former Holy Roman Empire (962–1806), which was below that of Emperor and King and above that of (debatably) a Grand Duke, Duke and Prince.[1]

The territory ruled by an Archduke or Archduchess was called an Archduchy. All remaining Archduchies ceased to exist in 1918.


The English word is first recorded in 1530, derived from Middle, via Old, French archeduc, from Merovingian Latin archidux, from Greek arch(i)-, ἀρχι- meaning "authority" or "primary" (see arch-) and dux "duke" (literally "leader")

"Archduke" (German: Erzherzog; Dutch: Aartshertog) is a title distinct from "Grand Duke" (French: Grand-Duc; Luxembourgish: Groussherzog; German: Großherzog), a later monarchic title borne by the rulers of other European countries (for instance, Luxembourg).

Other Languages
العربية: أرشيدوق
asturianu: Archiduque
башҡортса: Эрцгерцог
беларуская: Эрцгерцаг
български: Ерцхерцог
bosanski: Nadvojvoda
čeština: Arcivévoda
Deutsch: Erzherzog
español: Archiduque
Esperanto: Arkiduko
فارسی: آرشیدوک
français: Archiduc
galego: Arquiduque
hrvatski: Nadvojvoda
Bahasa Indonesia: Adipati Agung
íslenska: Erkihertogi
italiano: Arciduca
къарачай-малкъар: Эрцгерцог
ქართული: ერცჰერცოგი
Latina: Archidux
magyar: Főherceg
Bahasa Melayu: Archduke
Nederlands: Aartshertog
norsk: Erkehertug
norsk nynorsk: Erkehertug
Plattdüütsch: Erzhartog
português: Arquiduque
română: Arhiduce
русский: Эрцгерцог
Scots: Airchduke
Simple English: Archduke
slovenčina: Arcivojvoda
српски / srpski: Надвојвода
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Nadvojvoda
svenska: Ärkehertig
Türkçe: Arşidük
українська: Ерцгерцог
Tiếng Việt: Đại công tước Áo