Archangel

The Annunciation by Paolo de Matteis

An archangel əl/ is an angel of high rank. The word "archangel" itself is usually associated with the Abrahamic religions, but beings that are very similar to archangels are found in a number of religious traditions.

The English word archangel is derived from the Greek ἀρχάγγελος (arch- + angel, literally "chief angel" or "angel of origin").[1] It appears only twice in the New Testament in the phrase "with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God" (1 Thessalonians 4:16) and in relation to 'the archangel Michael' (Jude 9). The corresponding but different Hebrew word in the Hebrew Scripture (Old Testament) is found in two places as in "Michael, one of the chief princes" (Dan 10:13) and in "Michael, the great prince" (Dan 12:1).

Description

Michael and Gabriel are recognized as archangels in Judaism, Islam, the Baha'i Faith, and by most Christians. Some Protestants consider Michael to be the only archangel. Raphael—mentioned in the deuterocanonical Book of Tobit—is also recognized as an archangel in the Catholic and Orthodox churches. Gabriel, Michael, and Raphael are venerated in the Roman Catholic Church with a feast on September 29 (between 1921 and 1969, March 24 for Gabriel and October 24 for Raphael), and in the Eastern Orthodox Church on November 8 (if the Julian calendar is used, this corresponds to November 21 in the Gregorian). The named archangels in Islam are Jibrael, Mikael, Israfil, and Azrael. Jewish literature, such as the Book of Enoch, also mentions Metatron as an archangel, called the "highest of the angels", though the acceptance of this angel is not canonical in all branches of the faith.

Some branches of the faiths mentioned have identified a group of seven Archangels, but the named angels vary, depending on the source. Gabriel, Michael, and Raphael are always mentioned; the other archangels vary, but most commonly include Uriel, who is mentioned in 2 Esdras.

In Zoroastrianism, sacred texts allude to the six great Amesha Spenta (literally "Bounteous/Holy Immortals")[2] of Ahura Mazda.

Other Languages
العربية: رؤساء ملائكة
aragonés: Arcánchel
asturianu: Arcánxel
azərbaycanca: Arxangel (mələk)
беларуская: Арханёл
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Арханёл
български: Архангел
català: Arcàngel
čeština: Archanděl
Cymraeg: Archangel
dansk: Ærkeengel
Deutsch: Erzengel
Ελληνικά: Αρχάγγελος
español: Arcángel
Esperanto: Ĉefanĝelo
euskara: Goiaingeru
français: Archange
Gàidhlig: Àrd-aingeal
galego: Arcanxo
한국어: 대천사
hrvatski: Arkanđeo
Bahasa Indonesia: Malaikat Agung
íslenska: Erkiengill
italiano: Arcangelo
Kiswahili: Malaika mkuu
Latina: Archangelus
Lëtzebuergesch: Äerzengel
lietuvių: Arkangelas
magyar: Főangyal
Malagasy: Arikanjely
Bahasa Melayu: Malaikat Utama
Nederlands: Aartsengel
日本語: 大天使
norsk: Erkeengel
norsk nynorsk: Erkeengel
polski: Archanioł
português: Arcanjo
română: Arhanghel
русский: Архангел
Scots: Airchangel
slovenčina: Archanjel
српски / srpski: Арханђел
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Arhanđeo
svenska: Ärkeänglar
українська: Архангел
中文: 天使長