Aranjuez

Aranjuez
Municipality
Flag of Aranjuez
Flag
Official seal of Aranjuez
Seal
Aranjuez is located in Spain
Aranjuez
Aranjuez
Location of Aranjuez within Spain / Community of Madrid
Aranjuez is located in Community of Madrid
Aranjuez
Aranjuez
Aranjuez (Community of Madrid )
Coordinates: 40°02′00″N 3°36′10″W / 40°02′00″N 3°36′10″W / 40.03333; -3.60278
Country Spain
Autonomous Community Community of Madrid
ComarcaLas Vegas
MunicipalityAranjuez
Government
 • MayorCristina Moreno Moreno (PSOE)
Area
 • Total201.11 km2 (77.65 sq mi)
Elevation495 m (1,624 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Total58,168
 • Density290/km2 (750/sq mi)
Demonym(s)ribereño, arancentano
Patron saintNuestra Señora de las Angustias (September 15)
Websitewww.aranjuez.es

Aranjuez (Spanish pronunciation: [aɾaŋˈxweθ]), also called the Royal Estate of Aranjuez, is a city and municipality, capital of the Las Vegas district, in the southern part of the Community of Madrid, Spain. It is located at the confluence of the Tagus and Jarama rivers, 42 kilometres (26 mi) south of Madrid, and 44 kilometres (27 mi) from Toledo. As of 2009, it had a population of 54,055. It is the 17th-largest city in the Community of Madrid and the autonomous community's largest and most populous urban center outside Greater Madrid Area.

It has been one of the Royal Estates of the Crown of Spain since the times of Philip II in 1560. Until 1752, only the royalty and nobility were allowed to dwell in the town.

The Cultural Landscape of Aranjuez was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2001.

History

There are several theories about the origin of the name. The most widely accepted one states that it comes from the Basque language, deriving from arantza ("hawthorn" in English). Another theory, attributed to Padre Martín Sarmiento, a Benedictine scholar who lived about a century after the founder of Aranjuez, Philip II of Spain, claims the origin to be from Latin Ara Jovis or Ara Iovia, which means the altar of the Roman god Jupiter also known as Zeus. However the pre-Roman derivation is generally preferred.

In 1178, the area was acquired by the Order of Santiago. Ferdinand and Isabella, the "Catholic monarchs", converted Aranjuez into a royal site. It was the Spring residence of the kings of Spain from the late 19th century.

During the reign of Philip II of Spain, in the second half of the 16th century, the royal palace was constructed and the name of the enlarged settlement was changed from Alpajes to Aranjuez. The site was initially designed by Juan Bautista de Toledo and completed by Juan de Herrera. The town, or Villa was extensively redesigned in the 18th century by Santiago Bonavíahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Palace_of_Aranjuez

Other Languages
العربية: آرنخويث
aragonés: Aranjuez
تۆرکجه: اراشویز
Bân-lâm-gú: Aranjuez
български: Аранхуес
brezhoneg: Aranjuez
català: Aranjuez
čeština: Aranjuez
Cymraeg: Aranjuez
Deutsch: Aranjuez
español: Aranjuez
Esperanto: Aranjuez
euskara: Aranjuez
فارسی: اراشویز
français: Aranjuez
galego: Aranjuez
한국어: 아랑후에스
հայերեն: Արանխուես
hrvatski: Aranjuez
Bahasa Indonesia: Aranjuez
italiano: Aranjuez
עברית: ארנחואס
Кыргызча: Аранхуэс
Ladino: Aranjuez
Latina: Aranguesia
Lëtzebuergesch: Aranjuez (Madrid)
lietuvių: Aranchuesas
magyar: Aranjuez
Bahasa Melayu: Aranjuez
Nederlands: Aranjuez
norsk: Aranjuez
norsk nynorsk: Aranjuez
occitan: Aranjuez
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Aranjuez (Madrid)
polski: Aranjuez
português: Aranjuez
română: Aranjuez
русский: Аранхуэс
shqip: Aranjuez
slovenščina: Aranjuez
ślůnski: Aranjuez
српски / srpski: Аранхуез
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Aranjuez
suomi: Aranjuez
svenska: Aranjuez
Türkçe: Aranjuez
українська: Аранхуес
Tiếng Việt: Aranjuez
Winaray: Aranjuez
吴语: 阿兰回斯
粵語: 阿蘭輝茲