Aragonese dialects

Aragonese dialects.

The Aragonese language has many local varieties, which are grouped in valley varieties or comarca varieties. The term dialect is ambiguous and it can be used to refer to well-known valley varieties, such as cheso or ansotano. The best-known classification, by Francho Nagore, divides all Aragonese varieties in four groups or main dialects: Western, Central, Southern, and Eastern.

Eastern Aragonese

The eastern area includes a large part of the historic county of Ribagorza, plus eastern parts of Sobrarbe, and has many features in common with Catalan, with increasing similarity as one moves east.

Some common features of the group are:

  • Latin plosive consonants become voiced between vowels: meligo (navel), caixigo (type of oak), forau (hole).
  • In participles, the voiced Latin -T- was later deleted, giving endings in -au, -iu: cantau, metiu (sung, put in).
  • There is a periphrastic past perfect as in modern Catalan: él/ell ba cantá/cantar (he sang).
  • Conservation of the adverbial prononun i (< IBI).
  • Compared to the other dialects, more cases of evolution of the Latin endings -TY, -CE, -CI, -DE to -u, as in Catalan: peu (foot).