Arafura Sea

Arafura Sea
Locatie Arafurazee.PNG
Location
Arafura Sea is located in Indonesia
Arafura Sea
Arafura Sea
Arafura Sea map.png
Map
LocationSouth Asia
Coordinates9°00′S 133°0′E / 9°00′S 133°0′E / -9.000; 133.000
TypeSea
Basin countriesAustralia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea
Max. length1,290 km (800 mi)
Max. width560 km (350 mi)
IslandsAru Islands, Croker Island, Goulburn Islands, Howard Island
References[1]

The Arafura Sea lies west of the Pacific Ocean, overlying the continental shelf between Australia and Indonesian New Guinea.

Geography

The Arafura Sea is bordered by the Torres Strait and through that the Coral Sea to the east, the Gulf of Carpentaria to the south, the Timor Sea to the west and the Banda and Ceram seas to the northwest. It is 1,290 kilometres (800 mi) long and 560 kilometres (350 mi) wide. The depth of the sea is mainly 50–80 metres (165–260 feet), with the depth increasing to the west.

The sea lies over the Arafura Shelf, part of the Sahul Shelf. When sea levels were low during the last glacial maximum, the Arafura Shelf, the Gulf of Carpentaria and the Torres Strait formed a large flat land bridge connecting Australia and New Guinea and easing migration of humans from Asia into Australia. The combined landmass formed the continent of Sahul.

Extent

The International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) defines the Arafura Sea as being one of the waters of the East Indian Archipelago. The IHO defines its limits as follows:[2]

On the North. The Southeastern limit of the Ceram Sea [A line from Karoefa, New Guinea, to the Southeastern extreme of Adi Island, thence to Tg. Borang, the Northern point of Noehoe Tjoet [Kai Besar] (5°17′S 133°09′E / 5°17′S 133°09′E / -5.283; 133.150)] and the Eastern limit of the Banda Sea [From Tg Borang, the Northern point of Noehoe Tjoet, through this island to its Southern point, thence a line to the Northeast point of Fordata, through this island and across to the Northeast point of Larat, Tanimbar Islands (7°06′S 131°55′E / 7°06′S 131°55′E / -7.100; 131.917), down the East coast of Jamdena [Yamdena] Island to its Southern point, thence through Anggarmasa to the North point of Selaroe and through this island to Tg Aro Oesoe its Southern point (8°21′S 130°45′E / 8°21′S 130°45′E / -8.350; 130.750)].

On the East. The Southwest coast of New Guinea from Karoefa (133°27'E) to the entrance to the Bensbak River (141°01'E), and thence a line to the Northwest extreme of York Peninsula, Australia (11°05′S 142°03′E / 11°05′S 142°03′E / -11.083; 142.050).

On the South. By the North coast of Australia from the Northwest extreme of York Peninsula to Cape Don (11°19′S 131°46′E / 11°19′S 131°46′E / -11.317; 131.767).

On the West. A line from Cape Don to Tanjong Aro Oesoe, the Southern point of Selaroe (Tanimbar Islands).

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Arafurasee
العربية: بحر آرافورا
asturianu: Mar d'Arafura
azərbaycanca: Arafur dənizi
Bân-lâm-gú: Arafura Hái
башҡортса: Арафур диңгеҙе
беларуская: Арафурскае мора
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Арафурскае мора
български: Арафурско море
bosanski: Arafursko more
brezhoneg: Mor Arafura
català: Mar d'Arafura
čeština: Arafurské moře
Deutsch: Arafurasee
español: Mar de Arafura
Esperanto: Arafura Maro
français: Mer d'Arafura
한국어: 아라푸라해
hrvatski: Arafursko more
Bahasa Indonesia: Laut Arafura
íslenska: Arafurahaf
Basa Jawa: Segara Aru
Кыргызча: Арафура деңизи
кырык мары: Арафура тангыж
latviešu: Arafuru jūra
lietuvių: Arafuros jūra
македонски: Арафурско Море
მარგალური: არაფურიშ ზუღა
Bahasa Melayu: Laut Arafura
Nederlands: Arafurazee
日本語: アラフラ海
norsk nynorsk: Arafurahavet
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Arafura dengizi
português: Mar de Arafura
română: Marea Arafura
саха тыла: Арафур байҕала
Simple English: Arafura Sea
slovenčina: Arafurské more
српски / srpski: Арафурско море
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Arafursko more
svenska: Arafurasjön
Türkçe: Arafura Denizi
українська: Арафурське море
Tiếng Việt: Biển Arafura
Winaray: Dagat Arafura