Arava landscape

The Arabah (Arabic: وادي عربة‎, Wādī ʻAraba), or Arava / Aravah (Hebrew: הָעֲרָבָה‬, HaAravah, lit. "desolate and dry area"[1]), as it is known by its respective Arabic and Hebrew names, is a geographic area south of the Dead Sea basin, which forms part of the border between Israel to the west and Jordan to the east.

The old meaning, which was in use up to the early 20th century, covered almost the entire length of what today is called the Jordan Rift Valley, running in a north-south orientation between the southern end of the Sea of Galilee and the northern tip of the Gulf of Aqaba at Aqaba/ Eilat. This included the Jordan River Valley between the Sea of Galilee and the Dead Sea, the Dead Sea itself, and what today is commonly called the Arava Valley. The contemporary use of the term is restricted to this southern section alone.


Nahal Barak in Israel's Southern District is part of a system of streams draining the Arava desert.

The Arabah is 166 km (103 mi) in length, from the Gulf of Aqaba to the southern shore of the Dead Sea.

Topographically, the region is divided into three sections. From the Gulf of Aqaba northward, the land gradually rises over a distance of 77 km (48 mi), and reaches a height of 230 m (750 ft) above sea level, which represents the watershed divide between the Dead Sea and the Red Sea. From this crest, the land slopes gently northward over the next 74 km (46 mi) to a point 15 km (9.3 mi) south of the Dead Sea. In the last section, the Arabah drops steeply to the Dead Sea, which is 417 m (1,368 ft) below sea level.

The Arabah is scenic with colorful cliffs and sharp-topped mountains. The southern Arabah is hot and dry and virtually without rain.

Other Languages
العربية: وادي عربة
azərbaycanca: Arava
català: Wadi Araba
čeština: Vádí al-Araba
Deutsch: Arava
español: Aravá
euskara: Aravah
français: Arabah
Bahasa Indonesia: Arabah
italiano: Wadi Araba
עברית: הערבה
lietuvių: Vadi Araba
Nederlands: Wadi Araba
日本語: アラバの谷
norsk: Arabah
norsk nynorsk: Arabah
polski: Ha-Arawa
português: Arava
română: Arava
svenska: Wadi Arabah
українська: Ваді-ель-Араба
中文: 阿拉伯谷