Arab League

League of Arab States

جامعة الدول العربية
Jāmiʿat ad-Duwal al-ʿArabīyah
Emblem of the Arab League
Emblem
Location of the Arab League
Administrative centerCairo, Egypt a
Official languages
Demonym(s)Arabs
TypeRegional organization
Members
Leaders
Ahmed Aboul Gheit
Ali Al-Daqbaashi
 Lebanon
LegislatureArab Parliament
Establishment
22 March 1945
Area
• Total area
13,132,327 km2 (5,070,420 sq mi)
Population
• 2015 estimate
423,000,000[2]
• Density
27.17/km2 (70.4/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$6.484 trillion (4th)
• Per capita
$9,347
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
• Total
$3.526 trillion
• Per capita
$4,239
Currency
Time zonewww.LasPortal.org
  1. From 1979 to 1989, Tunis, Tunisia.
  2. Syrian Arab Republic suspended.

The Arab League (Arabic: الجامعة العربيةal-Jāmiʻah al-ʻArabīyah), formally the League of Arab States (Arabic: جامعة الدول العربيةJāmiʿat ad-Duwal al-ʿArabīyah), is a regional organization of Arab states in and around North Africa, the Horn of Africa and Arabia. It was formed in Cairo on 22 March 1945 with six members: Kingdom of Egypt, Kingdom of Iraq, Transjordan (renamed Jordan in 1949), Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, and Syria.[3] Yemen joined as a member on 5 May 1945. Currently, the League has 22 members, but Syria's participation has been suspended since November 2011, as a consequence of government repression during the Syrian Civil War.[4]

The League's main goal is to "draw closer the relations between member States and co-ordinate collaboration between them, to safeguard their independence and sovereignty, and to consider in a general way the affairs and interests of the Arab countries".[5]

Through institutions, such as the Arab League Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organization (ALECSO) and the Economic and Social Council of the Arab League's Council of Arab Economic Unity (CAEU), the Arab League facilitates political, economic, cultural, scientific, and social programmes designed to promote the interests of the Arab world.[6][7] It has served as a forum for the member states to coordinate their policy positions, to deliberate on matters of common concern, to settle some Arab disputes and to limit conflicts such as the 1958 Lebanon crisis. The League has served as a platform for the drafting and conclusion of many landmark documents promoting economic integration. One example is the Joint Arab Economic Action Charter, which outlines the principles for economic activities in the region.

Arab League of states establishment memorial stamp. Showing flags of the 8 establishing countries: Kingdom of Egypt, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the Mutawakkilite Kingdom (North Yemen), Syrian Republic, Hashemite Kingdom of Iraq, Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, Lebanese Republic

Each member state has one vote in the League Council, and decisions are binding only for those states that have voted for them. The aims of the league in 1945 were to strengthen and coordinate the political, cultural, economic and social programs of its members and to mediate disputes among them or between them and third parties. Furthermore, the signing of an agreement on Joint Defence and Economic Cooperation on 13 April 1950 committed the signatories to coordination of military defence measures. In March 2015, the Arab League General Secretary announced the establishment of a Joint Arab Force with the aim of counteracting extremism and other threats to the Arab States. The decision was reached while Operation Decisive Storm was intensifying in Yemen. Participation in the project is voluntary, and the army intervenes only at the request of one of the member states. The growing militarization of the region and the increase in violent civil wars as well as terrorist movements are the reason behind the creation of the JAF, financed by the rich Gulf countries.[8]

In the early 1970s, the Economic Council of the League of Arab States put forward a proposal to create the Joint Arab Chambers of Commerce across the European states. That led, under the decree of the League of Arab States no. K1175/D52/G, to the decision by the Arab governments to set up the Arab British Chamber of Commerce which was mandated to "promote, encourage and facilitate bilateral trade" between the Arab world and its major trading partner, the United Kingdom.

History

Following adoption of the Alexandria Protocol in 1944, the Arab League was founded on 22 March 1945. It aimed to be a regional organisation of Arab states with a focus to developing the economy, resolving disputes and coordinating political aims.[9] Other countries later joined the league.[10] Each country was given one vote in the council. The first major action was the joint intervention, allegedly on behalf of the majority Arab population being uprooted as the state of Israel emerged in 1948 (and in response to popular protest in the Arab world), but a major participant in this intervention, Transjordan, had agreed with the Israelis to divide up the Arab Palestinian state proposed by the United Nations General Assembly, and Egypt intervened primarily to prevent its rival in Amman from accomplishing its objective.[11] It was followed by the creation of a mutual defence treaty two years later. A common market was established in 1965.[9][12]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Arabiese Liga
Alemannisch: Arabische Liga
aragonés: Liga Arabe
تۆرکجه: عرب بیرلیگی
বাংলা: আরব লীগ
Bân-lâm-gú: A-la-pek Liân-bêng
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Арабская ліга
Boarisch: Arabische Liga
bosanski: Arapska liga
català: Lliga Àrab
español: Liga Árabe
euskara: Arabiar Liga
Fiji Hindi: Arab League
français: Ligue arabe
Gagauz: Arap Birlii
galego: Liga Árabe
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: A-la-pak Liên-mên
한국어: 아랍 연맹
हिन्दी: अरब लीग
hrvatski: Arapska liga
Ilokano: Liga ti Arabo
Bahasa Indonesia: Liga Arab
interlingua: Liga Arabe
íslenska: Arababandalagið
italiano: Lega araba
Basa Jawa: Liga Arab
къарачай-малкъар: Араб къралланы лигасы
لۊری شومالی: یٱکاگیری عرۉ
Lëtzebuergesch: Arabesch Liga
lietuvių: Arabų Lyga
Ligure: Liga Araba
Limburgs: Arabische Liga
Lingua Franca Nova: Alia Arabi
magyar: Arab Liga
македонски: Арапска лига
Malagasy: Liga arabo
മലയാളം: അറബ് ലീഗ്
मराठी: अरब संघ
مازِرونی: عرب اتحادیه
Bahasa Melayu: Liga Arab
Baso Minangkabau: Liga Arab
Mirandés: Liga Árabe
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အာရပ်အဖွဲ့ချုပ်
Nederlands: Arabische Liga
日本語: アラブ連盟
norsk nynorsk: Den arabiske ligaen
Nouormand: Ligue Arabe
occitan: Liga Aràbia
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Arab davlatlari uyushmasi
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਅਰਬ ਲੀਗ
پنجابی: عرب لیگ
Piemontèis: Lega Àraba
português: Liga Árabe
română: Liga Arabă
русиньскый: Арабска ліґа
саха тыла: Араб Лигата
sicilianu: Liga Àrabba
Simple English: Arab League
slovenščina: Arabska liga
Soomaaliga: Jaamacada Carabta
српски / srpski: Арапска лига
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Arapska liga
Basa Sunda: Liga Arab
Tagalog: Ligang Arabo
татарча/tatarça: Гарәп Лигасы
Türkçe: Arap Birliği
اردو: عرب لیگ
Tiếng Việt: Liên đoàn Ả Rập
Winaray: Liga Arabe
Zazaki: Liga Ereban
žemaitėška: Arabu līga