Aphrodite

  • aphrodite
    goddess of love, beauty and sexuality
    nama aphrodite syracuse.jpg
    aphrodite pudica (roman copy of 2nd century ad), national archaeological museum, athens
    abodemount olympus
    symboldolphin, rose, scallop shell, myrtle, dove, sparrow, girdle, mirror, pearl and swan
    personal information
    parentsin the iliad: zeus and dione[2]
    in theogony: uranus's severed genitals[3]
    siblingsaeacus, angelos, apollo, ares, artemis, athena, dionysus, eileithyia, enyo, eris, ersa, hebe, helen of troy, hephaestus, heracles, hermes, minos, pandia, persephone, perseus, rhadamanthus, the graces, the horae, the litae, the muses, the moirai, or the titans, the cyclopes, the meliae, the erinyes (furies), the giants, the hekatonkheires
    consorthephaestus, ares, poseidon, hermes, dionysus, adonis, and anchises
    childrenwith ares: eros,[1] phobos, deimos, harmonia, pothos, anteros, himeros,
    with hermes: hermaphroditus,
    with poseidon: rhodos, eryx,
    with dionysus: peitho, the graces, priapus,
    with anchises: aeneas
    equivalents
    roman equivalentvenus
    mesopotamian equivalentinanna/ishtar
    canaanite equivalentastarte

    aphrodite[a] is an ancient greek goddess associated with love, beauty, pleasure, passion and procreation. she was syncretized with the roman goddess venus. aphrodite's major symbols include myrtles, roses, doves, sparrows, and swans. the cult of aphrodite was largely derived from that of the phoenician goddess astarte, a cognate of the east semitic goddess ishtar, whose cult was based on the sumerian cult of inanna. aphrodite's main cult centers were cythera, cyprus, corinth, and athens. her main festival was the aphrodisia, which was celebrated annually in midsummer. in laconia, aphrodite was worshipped as a warrior goddess. she was also the patron goddess of prostitutes, an association which led early scholars to propose the concept of "sacred prostitution", an idea which is now generally seen as erroneous.

    in hesiod's theogony, aphrodite is born off the coast of cythera from the foam (aphrós) produced by uranus's genitals, which his son cronus has severed and thrown into the sea. in homer's iliad, however, she is the daughter of zeus and dione. plato, in his symposium 180e, asserts that these two origins actually belong to separate entities: aphrodite ourania (a transcendent, "heavenly" aphrodite) and aphrodite pandemos (aphrodite common to "all the people"). aphrodite had many other epithets, each emphasizing a different aspect of the same goddess, or used by a different local cult. thus she was also known as cytherea (lady of cythera) and cypris (lady of cyprus), because both locations claimed to be the place of her birth.

    in greek mythology, aphrodite was married to hephaestus, the god of blacksmiths and metalworking. despite this, aphrodite was frequently unfaithful to him and had many lovers; in the odyssey, she is caught in the act of adultery with ares, the god of war. in the first homeric hymn to aphrodite, she seduces the mortal shepherd anchises. aphrodite was also the surrogate mother and lover of the mortal shepherd adonis, who was killed by a wild boar. along with athena and hera, aphrodite was one of the three goddesses whose feud resulted in the beginning of the trojan war and she plays a major role throughout the iliad. aphrodite has been featured in western art as a symbol of female beauty and has appeared in numerous works of western literature. she is a major deity in modern neopagan religions, including the church of aphrodite, wicca, and hellenismos.

  • etymology
  • origins
  • forms and epithets
  • worship
  • mythology
  • lovers and children
  • iconography
  • post-classical culture
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • external links

Aphrodite
Goddess of love, beauty and sexuality
NAMA Aphrodite Syracuse.jpg
Aphrodite Pudica (Roman copy of 2nd century AD), National Archaeological Museum, Athens
AbodeMount Olympus
SymbolDolphin, Rose, Scallop Shell, Myrtle, Dove, Sparrow, Girdle, Mirror, Pearl and Swan
Personal information
ParentsIn the Iliad: Zeus and Dione[2]
In Theogony: Uranus's severed genitals[3]
SiblingsAeacus, Angelos, Apollo, Ares, Artemis, Athena, Dionysus, Eileithyia, Enyo, Eris, Ersa, Hebe, Helen of Troy, Hephaestus, Heracles, Hermes, Minos, Pandia, Persephone, Perseus, Rhadamanthus, the Graces, the Horae, the Litae, the Muses, the Moirai, or the Titans, the Cyclopes, the Meliae, the Erinyes (Furies), the Giants, the Hekatonkheires
ConsortHephaestus, Ares, Poseidon, Hermes, Dionysus, Adonis, and Anchises
ChildrenWith Ares: Eros,[1] Phobos, Deimos, Harmonia, Pothos, Anteros, Himeros,
With Hermes: Hermaphroditus,
With Poseidon: Rhodos, Eryx,
With Dionysus: Peitho, The Graces, Priapus,
With Anchises: Aeneas
Equivalents
Roman equivalentVenus
Mesopotamian equivalentInanna/Ishtar
Canaanite equivalentAstarte

Aphrodite[a] is an ancient Greek goddess associated with love, beauty, pleasure, passion and procreation. She was syncretized with the Roman goddess Venus. Aphrodite's major symbols include myrtles, roses, doves, sparrows, and swans. The cult of Aphrodite was largely derived from that of the Phoenician goddess Astarte, a cognate of the East Semitic goddess Ishtar, whose cult was based on the Sumerian cult of Inanna. Aphrodite's main cult centers were Cythera, Cyprus, Corinth, and Athens. Her main festival was the Aphrodisia, which was celebrated annually in midsummer. In Laconia, Aphrodite was worshipped as a warrior goddess. She was also the patron goddess of prostitutes, an association which led early scholars to propose the concept of "sacred prostitution", an idea which is now generally seen as erroneous.

In Hesiod's Theogony, Aphrodite is born off the coast of Cythera from the foam (aphrós) produced by Uranus's genitals, which his son Cronus has severed and thrown into the sea. In Homer's Iliad, however, she is the daughter of Zeus and Dione. Plato, in his Symposium 180e, asserts that these two origins actually belong to separate entities: Aphrodite Ourania (a transcendent, "Heavenly" Aphrodite) and Aphrodite Pandemos (Aphrodite common to "all the people"). Aphrodite had many other epithets, each emphasizing a different aspect of the same goddess, or used by a different local cult. Thus she was also known as Cytherea (Lady of Cythera) and Cypris (Lady of Cyprus), because both locations claimed to be the place of her birth.

In Greek mythology, Aphrodite was married to Hephaestus, the god of blacksmiths and metalworking. Despite this, Aphrodite was frequently unfaithful to him and had many lovers; in the Odyssey, she is caught in the act of adultery with Ares, the god of war. In the First Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite, she seduces the mortal shepherd Anchises. Aphrodite was also the surrogate mother and lover of the mortal shepherd Adonis, who was killed by a wild boar. Along with Athena and Hera, Aphrodite was one of the three goddesses whose feud resulted in the beginning of the Trojan War and she plays a major role throughout the Iliad. Aphrodite has been featured in Western art as a symbol of female beauty and has appeared in numerous works of Western literature. She is a major deity in modern Neopagan religions, including the Church of Aphrodite, Wicca, and Hellenismos.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Afrodite
Alemannisch: Aphrodite
العربية: أفروديت
aragonés: Afrodita
Արեւմտահայերէն: Ափրոդիտէ
asturianu: Afrodita
azərbaycanca: Afrodita
تۆرکجه: آفرودیتا
Bân-lâm-gú: Aphrodite
башҡортса: Афродита
беларуская: Афрадыта
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Афрадыта
български: Афродита
Boarisch: Aphrodite
bosanski: Afrodita
brezhoneg: Afrodite
català: Afrodita
čeština: Afrodita
Cymraeg: Aphrodite
dansk: Afrodite
Deutsch: Aphrodite
eesti: Aphrodite
español: Afrodita
Esperanto: Afrodito (diino)
euskara: Afrodita
فارسی: آفرودیته
français: Aphrodite
Frysk: Afrodite
Gaeilge: Afraidíté
galego: Afrodita
ગુજરાતી: અૅફ્રોડાઈટી
한국어: 아프로디테
Hawaiʻi: ʻAperodite
հայերեն: Աֆրոդիտե
hrvatski: Afrodita
Ilokano: Aprodita
Bahasa Indonesia: Afrodit
interlingua: Aphrodite
íslenska: Afródíta
italiano: Afrodite
עברית: אפרודיטה
Jawa: Afrodhit
kalaallisut: Afrodite
ქართული: აფროდიტე
қазақша: Афродита
Kiswahili: Afrodita
kurdî: Afrodît
Кыргызча: Афродита
Latina: Aphrodite
latviešu: Afrodīte
Lëtzebuergesch: Aphrodite
lietuvių: Afroditė
magyar: Aphrodité
македонски: Афродита
مصرى: افروديت
مازِرونی: آفرودیته
Bahasa Melayu: Aphrodite
монгол: Афродита
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အက်ဖရိုဒိုက်
Nederlands: Aphrodite
norsk: Afrodite
norsk nynorsk: Afrodite
occitan: Afrodita
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Afrodita
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਐਫਰੋਡਾਇਟੀ
پنجابی: ایفرودیت
Plattdüütsch: Aphrodite
polski: Afrodyta
português: Afrodite
română: Afrodita
русский: Афродита
Scots: Aphrodite
shqip: Afërdita
Simple English: Aphrodite
slovenčina: Afrodita
slovenščina: Afrodita
српски / srpski: Афродита
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Afrodita
suomi: Afrodite
svenska: Afrodite
Tagalog: Aphrodite
татарча/tatarça: Afrodita
тоҷикӣ: Афродита
Türkçe: Afrodit
українська: Афродіта
vepsän kel’: Afrodita
Tiếng Việt: Aphrodite
Võro: Aphrodite
Winaray: Aphrodite