Apache OpenOffice

Apache OpenOffice
Apache OpenOffice 4 logo
Apache OpenOffice 4 logo
AOO Writer 4.0.0 Windows in Wine.png
Apache OpenOffice Writer 4.0.0
Developer(s) Apache Software Foundation
Initial release 3.4.0 / 8 May 2012; 5 years ago (2012-05-08) [1]
Stable release 4.1.3 [2] (October 12, 2016; 10 months ago (2016-10-12))
Repository svn.apache.org/viewvc/openoffice/
Development status Moribund
Written in C++ and Java
Operating system Linux, macOS, Microsoft Windows
Platform IA-32 and x86-64
Size 141 MB (4.1.3 en_US Windows .exe) [3]
Standard(s) OpenDocument (ISO/IEC 26300)
Available in 38 languages [4]
Type Office suite
License Apache License 2.0 [5]
Website www.openoffice.org

Apache OpenOffice (AOO) is an open-source office productivity software suite. It is one of the successor projects of OpenOffice.org and the designated successor of IBM Lotus Symphony. [6] Apache OpenOffice is a close cousin of LibreOffice and NeoOffice. It contains a word processor (Writer), a spreadsheet (Calc), a presentation application (Impress), a drawing application (Draw), a formula editor (Math), and a database management application (Base). [7]

Apache OpenOffice's default file format is the OpenDocument Format (ODF), an ISO/ IEC standard. It can also read and write a wide variety of other file formats, with particular attention to those from Microsoft Office (although unlike LibreOffice, it cannot save Microsoft's newer XML formats like DOCX, only import them). [8]

Apache OpenOffice is developed for Linux, macOS and Windows, with ports to other operating systems. It is distributed under the Apache License. [5] The first release was version 3.4.0, on 8 May 2012. [1]

In January 2015 the project reported a lack of active developers and code contributions. [9] After ongoing problems with unfixed security vulnerabilities through 2015 and 2016, [10] [11] in September 2016 the project started discussions on possibly retiring AOO. [12] [13] [14] The current version, 4.1.3, is known to include undisclosed security issues. [15]

Despite the problems with development, the software continues to attract a large number of downloads, approximately 100,000 per day, [16] a similar number to that of LibreOffice. [17]

History

After acquiring Sun Microsystems in January 2010, Oracle Corporation continued developing OpenOffice.org and StarOffice, which it renamed Oracle Open Office. In September 2010, the majority [18] [19] of outside OpenOffice.org developers left the project [20] [21] due to concerns over Sun's, and then Oracle's, management of the project, [22] [23] to form The Document Foundation (TDF). TDF released the fork LibreOffice in January 2011, [24] which most Linux distributions soon moved to, [25] [26] [27] [28] including Oracle Linux in 2012. [29] [30] [31]

In April 2011 Oracle stopped development of OpenOffice.org [32] and laid off the remaining development team. [33] Its reasons for doing so were not disclosed; some speculate that it was due to the loss of mindshare with much of the community moving to LibreOffice [34] while others suggest it was a commercial decision. [35] In June 2011 Oracle contributed the OpenOffice.org trademarks [36] and source code to the Apache Software Foundation, which Apache re-licensed under the Apache License. [37] IBM, to whom Oracle had contractual obligations concerning the code, appears to have preferred that OpenOffice.org be spun out to the Apache Software Foundation above other options or being abandoned by Oracle. [38] [39] Additionally, in March 2012, in the context of donating IBM Lotus Symphony to the Apache OpenOffice project, IBM expressed a preference for permissive licenses, such as the Apache license, over copyleft license. [40] The developer pool for the Apache project was seeded by IBM employees, [41] who, from project inception through to 2015, did the majority of the development. [42] [43] [44] [45] [46] [47]

The project was accepted to the Apache Incubator on 13 June 2011, [48] the Oracle code drop was imported on 29 August 2011, [49] Apache OpenOffice 3.4 was released 8 May 2012 [1] and Apache OpenOffice graduated as a top-level Apache project on 18 October 2012. [50] [51] [52]

IBM donated the Lotus Symphony codebase to the Apache Software Foundation in 2012, and Symphony was deprecated in favour of Apache OpenOffice. [46] Many features and bug fixes, including a reworked sidebar, were merged. [53] The IAccessible2 screen reader support from Symphony was ported and included in the AOO 4.1 release [6] (April 2014), although its first appearance in an open source software release was as part of LibreOffice 4.2 in January 2014. [54] IBM ceased official participation by the release of AOO 4.1.1. [55]

In September 2016, OpenOffice's project management committee chair Dennis Hamilton began a discussion of possibly discontinuing the project, after the Apache board had put them on monthly reporting due to the project's ongoing problems handling security issues. [12] [13] [14]

A timeline of major derivatives of StarOffice and OpenOffice.org with Apache OpenOffice in blue
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