Anwar Sadat

  • anwar sadat
    محمد أنور السادات
    anwar sadat cropped.jpg
    anwar sadat in 1980
    3rd president of egypt
    in office
    15 october 1970 – 6 october 1981
    acting: 28 september 1970 – 15 october 1970
    prime minister
    vice president
    preceded bygamal abdel nasser
    succeeded bysufi abu taleb (acting)
    prime minister of egypt
    in office
    15 may 1980 – 6 october 1981
    presidenthimself
    preceded bymustafa khalil
    succeeded byhosni mubarak
    in office
    26 march 1973 – 25 september 1974
    presidenthimself
    preceded byaziz sedki
    succeeded byabd el aziz muhammad hegazi
    vice president of egypt
    in office
    19 december 1969 – 14 october 1970
    presidentgamal abdel nasser
    preceded byhussein el-shafei
    succeeded byali sabri
    in office
    17 february 1964 – 26 march 1964
    presidentgamal abdel nasser
    preceded byhussein el-shafei
    succeeded byzakaria mohieddin
    speaker of the national assembly of egypt
    in office
    21 july 1960 – 20 january 1969
    presidentgamal abdel nasser
    preceded byabdel latif boghdadi
    succeeded bymohamed labib skokeir
    personal details
    born
    muhammad anwar el-sadat

    (1918-12-25)25 december 1918
    monufia, sultanate of egypt
    died6 october 1981(1981-10-06) (aged 62)
    cairo, egypt
    nationalityegyptian
    political partynational democratic party
    other political
    affiliations
    arab socialist union
    spouse(s)
    • eqbal afifi (madi)[1]
    • jehan sadat
    children7
    alma materuniversity of alexandria
    signature
    military service
    allegianceegypt
    branch/serviceegyptian army
    years of service1938–1952
    rankturco-egyptian ka'im makam.gif colonel

    muhammad anwar el-sadat (t/, also uk: t/, us: t/;[2][3][4] arabic: محمد أنور السادات‎, romanizedmuḥammad ʾanwar as-sādāt, egyptian arabic: [mæˈħæmmæd ˈʔɑnwɑɾ essæˈdæːt]; 25 december 1918 – 6 october 1981) was the third president of egypt, serving from 15 october 1970 until his assassination by fundamentalist army officers on 6 october 1981. sadat was a senior member of the free officers who overthrew king farouk in the egyptian revolution of 1952, and a close confidant of president gamal abdel nasser, under whom he served as vice president twice and whom he succeeded as president in 1970.

    in his eleven years as president, he changed egypt's trajectory, departing from many of the political and economic tenets of nasserism, re-instituting a multi-party system, and launching the infitah economic policy. as president, he led egypt in the yom kippur war of 1973 to regain egypt's sinai peninsula, which israel had occupied since the six-day war of 1967, making him a hero in egypt and, for a time, the wider arab world. afterwards, he engaged in negotiations with israel, culminating in the egypt–israel peace treaty; this won him and israeli prime minister menachem begin the nobel peace prize, making sadat the first muslim nobel laureate. although reaction to the treaty—which resulted in the return of sinai to egypt—was generally favorable among egyptians,[5] it was rejected by the country's muslim brotherhood and the left, which felt sadat had abandoned efforts to ensure a palestinian state.[5] with the exception of sudan, the arab world and the palestine liberation organization (plo) strongly opposed sadat's efforts to make a separate peace with israel without prior consultations with the arab states.[5] his refusal to reconcile with them over the palestinian issue resulted in egypt being suspended from the arab league from 1979 to 1989.[6][7][8][9] the peace treaty was also one of the primary factors that led to his assassination; on 6 october 1981, militants led by khalid islambouli opened fire on sadat with automatic rifles during the 6 october parade in cairo, killing him.

  • early life and revolutionary activities
  • during nasser's presidency
  • presidency
  • aftermath
  • media portrayals of anwar sadat
  • honour
  • bibliography
  • see also
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links

Anwar Sadat
محمد أنور السادات
Anwar Sadat cropped.jpg
Anwar Sadat in 1980
3rd President of Egypt
In office
15 October 1970 – 6 October 1981
Acting: 28 September 1970 – 15 October 1970
Prime Minister
Vice President
Preceded byGamal Abdel Nasser
Succeeded bySufi Abu Taleb (Acting)
Prime Minister of Egypt
In office
15 May 1980 – 6 October 1981
PresidentHimself
Preceded byMustafa Khalil
Succeeded byHosni Mubarak
In office
26 March 1973 – 25 September 1974
PresidentHimself
Preceded byAziz Sedki
Succeeded byAbd El Aziz Muhammad Hegazi
Vice President of Egypt
In office
19 December 1969 – 14 October 1970
PresidentGamal Abdel Nasser
Preceded byHussein el-Shafei
Succeeded byAli Sabri
In office
17 February 1964 – 26 March 1964
PresidentGamal Abdel Nasser
Preceded byHussein el-Shafei
Succeeded byZakaria Mohieddin
Speaker of the National Assembly of Egypt
In office
21 July 1960 – 20 January 1969
PresidentGamal Abdel Nasser
Preceded byAbdel Latif Boghdadi
Succeeded byMohamed Labib Skokeir
Personal details
Born
Muhammad Anwar el-Sadat

(1918-12-25)25 December 1918
Monufia, Sultanate of Egypt
Died6 October 1981(1981-10-06) (aged 62)
Cairo, Egypt
NationalityEgyptian
Political partyNational Democratic Party
Other political
affiliations
Arab Socialist Union
Spouse(s)
Children7
Alma materUniversity of Alexandria
Signature
Military service
AllegianceEgypt
Branch/serviceEgyptian Army
Years of service1938–1952
RankTurco-Egyptian ka'im makam.gif Colonel

Muhammad Anwar el-Sadat (t/, also UK: t/, US: t/;[2][3][4] Arabic: محمد أنور السادات‎, romanizedMuḥammad ʾAnwar as-Sādāt, Egyptian Arabic: [mæˈħæmmæd ˈʔɑnwɑɾ essæˈdæːt]; 25 December 1918 – 6 October 1981) was the third President of Egypt, serving from 15 October 1970 until his assassination by fundamentalist army officers on 6 October 1981. Sadat was a senior member of the Free Officers who overthrew King Farouk in the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, and a close confidant of President Gamal Abdel Nasser, under whom he served as Vice President twice and whom he succeeded as President in 1970.

In his eleven years as president, he changed Egypt's trajectory, departing from many of the political and economic tenets of Nasserism, re-instituting a multi-party system, and launching the Infitah economic policy. As President, he led Egypt in the Yom Kippur War of 1973 to regain Egypt's Sinai Peninsula, which Israel had occupied since the Six-Day War of 1967, making him a hero in Egypt and, for a time, the wider Arab World. Afterwards, he engaged in negotiations with Israel, culminating in the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty; this won him and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin the Nobel Peace Prize, making Sadat the first Muslim Nobel laureate. Although reaction to the treaty—which resulted in the return of Sinai to Egypt—was generally favorable among Egyptians,[5] it was rejected by the country's Muslim Brotherhood and the left, which felt Sadat had abandoned efforts to ensure a Palestinian state.[5] With the exception of Sudan, the Arab world and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) strongly opposed Sadat's efforts to make a separate peace with Israel without prior consultations with the Arab states.[5] His refusal to reconcile with them over the Palestinian issue resulted in Egypt being suspended from the Arab League from 1979 to 1989.[6][7][8][9] The peace treaty was also one of the primary factors that led to his assassination; on 6 October 1981, militants led by Khalid Islambouli opened fire on Sadat with automatic rifles during the 6 October parade in Cairo, killing him.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Anwar Sadat
aragonés: Anwar el-Sadat
asturianu: Anwar el-Sadat
azərbaycanca: Ənvər Sadat
беларуская: Анвар Садат
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Анвар Садат
Bikol Central: Anwar Sadat
български: Ануар Садат
bosanski: Anwar el-Sadat
brezhoneg: Anwar el-Sadat
čeština: Anvar as-Sádát
Cymraeg: Anwar Sadat
Ελληνικά: Ανουάρ Σαντάτ
español: Anwar el-Sadat
Esperanto: Anvar Sadat
føroyskt: Anwar Sadat
français: Anouar el-Sadate
Gaeilge: Anwar Sadat
Gàidhlig: Anwar El Sadat
հայերեն: Անվար Սադաթ
hrvatski: Anvar el-Sadat
Bahasa Indonesia: Anwar Sadat
íslenska: Anwar Sadat
italiano: Anwar al-Sadat
қазақша: Ануар Саадат
Kiswahili: Anwar Sadat
kurdî: Enwer Sedat
Кыргызча: Анвар Садат
لۊری شومالی: محمد أنور السادات
latviešu: Anvars Sādāts
Lëtzebuergesch: Anwar as-Sadat
Lingua Franca Nova: Anwar al-Sadat
magyar: Anvar Szadat
Malagasy: Anwar Sadat
مازِرونی: انور سادات
Bahasa Melayu: Anwar Sadat
Nederlands: Anwar Sadat
नेपाली: अनवर सादात
नेपाल भाषा: अन्वर अल-सदात
norsk nynorsk: Anwar Sadat
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Anvar Sadat
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਅਨਵਰ ਸਾਦਾਤ
پنجابی: انور سادات
português: Anwar Al Sadat
română: Anwar Sadat
Runa Simi: Anwar Sadat
русский: Садат, Анвар
Simple English: Anwar el Sadat
slovenčina: Anwar as-Sádát
slovenščina: Anvar Sadat
српски / srpski: Анвар ел Садат
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Anvar Sadat
svenska: Anwar Sadat
тоҷикӣ: Анвар Содот
Türkçe: Enver Sedat
українська: Анвар Садат
Tiếng Việt: Anwar Al-Sadad
Winaray: Anwar Sadat
Yorùbá: Anwar El Sadat
粵語: 沙特