Anthropomorphism

In this illustration by Milo Winter of Aesop's fable, "The North Wind and the Sun", a personified North Wind tries to strip the cloak off of a traveler.

Anthropomorphism is the attribution of human traits, emotions, or intentions to non-human entities.[1] It is considered to be an innate tendency of human psychology.[2]

Personification is the related attribution of human form and characteristics to abstract concepts such as nations, emotions, and natural forces, such as seasons and weather.

Both have ancient roots as storytelling and artistic devices, and most cultures have traditional fables with anthropomorphized animals as characters. People have also routinely attributed human emotions and behavioural traits to wild as well as domesticated animals.[3]

Etymology

Anthropomorphism derives from its verb form anthropomorphize,[a] itself derived from the Greek ánthrōpos (ἄνθρωπος, lit. "human") and morphē (μορφή, "form"). It is first attested in 1753, originally in reference to the heresy of applying a human form to the Christian God.[b][1]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Vermensliking
Alemannisch: Anthropomorphismus
العربية: تجسيم
azərbaycanca: Antropomorfizm
беларуская: Антрапамарфізм
български: Антропоморфия
brezhoneg: Denheñvelegezh
čeština: Antropomorfismus
español: Antropomorfismo
Esperanto: Antropomorfismo
한국어: 의인관
hrvatski: Antropomorfizam
Bahasa Indonesia: Antropomorfisme
interlingua: Anthropomorphismo
italiano: Antropomorfismo
עברית: האנשה
Kiswahili: Tashihisi
latviešu: Antropomorfisms
Lëtzebuergesch: Anthropomorphismus
Limburgs: Antropomorfisme
Bahasa Melayu: Antropomorfisme
Nederlands: Antropomorfisme
日本語: 擬人観
norsk nynorsk: Antropomorfisme
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Antropomorfizm
português: Antropomorfismo
română: Antropomorfism
Simple English: Anthropomorphism
slovenčina: Antropomorfizmus
slovenščina: Antropomorfizem
српски / srpski: Антропоморфизам
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Antropomorfizam
українська: Антропоморфізм
اردو: تجسیمیت
Tiếng Việt: Nhân hóa
粵語: 擬人化
中文: 擬人論