The maritime part of the region constitutes the area of application of the international
Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR), where for technical reasons the Convention uses an approximation of the Convergence line by means of a line joining specified points along
parallels of latitude and
meridians of longitude.
 The implementation of the Convention is managed through an international Commission headquartered in
Hobart, Australia, by an efficient system of annual
fishing quotas, licenses and international inspectors on the fishing vessels, as well as
Most of the Antarctic region is situated south of 60°S latitude parallel, and is governed in accordance with the international legal regime of the
Antarctic Treaty System.
 The Treaty area covers the continent itself and its immediately adjacent islands, as well as the
archipelagos of the
South Orkney Islands,
South Shetland Islands,
Peter I Island,
Scott Island and
The islands situated between 60°S latitude parallel to the south and the
Antarctic Convergence to the north, and their respective 200-nautical-mile (370 km)
exclusive economic zones fall under the national jurisdiction of the countries that possess them:
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (United Kingdom; also an
Bouvet Island (Norway), and
Heard and McDonald Islands (Australia).
Kerguelen Islands (France; also an EU Overseas territory) are situated in the Antarctic Convergence area, while the
Isla de los Estados,
Hornos Island with
Diego Ramírez Islands,
Saint Paul Islands,
Prince Edward Islands, and
Gough Island and
Tristan da Cunha group remain north of the Convergence and thus outside the Antarctic region.