Annunciation

Annunciation, work by unknown artist, c. 1420, Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya, Barcelona
The Annunciation by El Greco, c. 1590–1603, Ohara Museum of Art, Kurashiki, Japan

The Annunciation (from Latin annuntiatio), also referred to as the Annunciation to the Blessed Virgin Mary, the Annunciation of Our Lady,[1] or the Annunciation of the Lord, is the Catholic celebration of the announcement by the Angel Gabriel to the Blessed Virgin Mary that she would conceive and become the mother of Jesus, the Son of God, marking His Incarnation.[2] Gabriel told Mary to name her son Yeshua, meaning "YHWH is salvation".[3]

According to Luke 1:26, the Annunciation occurred "in the sixth month" of Elizabeth's pregnancy with John the Baptist.[4] Many Christians observe this event with the Feast of the Annunciation on 25 March,[2] an approximation of the northern vernal equinox nine full months before Christmas, the ceremonial birthday of Jesus.The Annunciation is a key topic in Christian art in general, as well as in Marian art in the Catholic Church, particularly during the Middle Ages and Renaissance. A work of art depicting the Annunciation is sometimes itself called an Annunciation.

Biblical account

The Annunciation by Salomon Koninck, 1655, Hallwyl Museum, Stockholm
The Annunciation by Murillo, 1655–1660, Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg
The Annunciation (Evangelismos). Orthodox style icon by anonymous, 1825, Church Museum of the Bishopry of Thessaloniki

In the Luke 1:26–38:[5]

26 In the sixth month of Elizabeth’s pregnancy, God sent the angel Gabriel to Nazareth, a town in Galilee, 27 to a virgin pledged to be married to a man named Joseph, a descendant of David. The virgin’s name was Mary. 28 The angel went to her and said, “Greetings, you who are highly favored! The Lord is with you.”

29 Mary was greatly troubled at his words and wondered what kind of greeting this might be. 30 But the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary; you have found favor with God. 31 You will conceive and give birth to a son, and you are to call him Jesus. 32 He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David, 33 and he will reign over Jacob’s descendants forever; his kingdom will never end.”

34 “How will this be,” Mary asked the angel, “since I am a virgin?”

35 The angel answered, “The Holy Spirit will come on you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God. 36 Even Elizabeth your relative is going to have a child in her old age, and she who was said to be unable to conceive is in her sixth month. 37 For no word from God will ever fail.”

38 “I am the Lord’s servant,” Mary answered. “May your word to me be fulfilled.” Then the angel left her.

A separate, briefer annunciation is given to Matthew 1:18–22:[5]

18 This is how the birth of Jesus the Messiah came about: His mother Mary was pledged to be married to Joseph, but before they came together, she was found to be pregnant through the Holy Spirit. 19 Because Joseph her husband was faithful to the law, and yet did not want to expose her to public disgrace, he had in mind to divorce her quietly.

20 But after he had considered this, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, “Joseph son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary home as your wife, because what is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. 21 She will give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus, because he will save his people from their sins.”

22 All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had said through the prophet: 23 “The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and they will call him Immanuel” (which means “God with us”).

Manuscript 4Q246

Manuscript 4Q246 of the Dead Sea Scrolls reads:

[X] shall be great upon the earth. O king, all people shall make peace, and all shall serve him. He shall be called the son of the Great God, and by his name shall he be hailed as the Son of God, and they shall call him Son of the Most High.[6]

It has been suggested that the similarity in content is such that Luke's version may in some way be dependent on the Qumran text.[7]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Maria Verkündigung
العربية: البشارة
azərbaycanca: Müjdə
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Дабравешчаньне
български: Благовещение
bosanski: Blagovijest
brezhoneg: Degemenn
català: Anunciació
Чӑвашла: Ырă хыпар
español: Anunciación
Esperanto: Anunciacio
euskara: Deikundea
فارسی: عید بشارت
français: Annonciation
galego: Anunciación
한국어: 성모 영보
հայերեն: Ավետում
hrvatski: Blagovijest
Bahasa Indonesia: Anunsiasi
italiano: Annunciazione
ქართული: ხარება
Kiswahili: Kupashwa habari
Limburgs: Annunciatie
македонски: Благовештение
മലയാളം: മംഗളവാർത്ത
Nederlands: Annunciatie
日本語: 受胎告知
Nouormand: Marchaêque
Picard: Anonchacion
português: Anunciação
română: Buna Vestire
slovenčina: Zvestovanie Pána
slovenščina: Marijino oznanjenje
српски / srpski: Благовести
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Blagovijest
svenska: Bebådelsen
Türkçe: Beşaret
українська: Благовіщення
اردو: بشارت
中文: 圣母领报