Anna Politkovskaya

Anna Politkovskaya
Анна Политковская
Anna Politkovskaja im Gespräch mit Christhard Läpple.jpg
Politkovskaya during a March 2005 interview in Leipzig, Germany
BornAnna Stepanovna Mazepa (Ukrainian: Га́нна Степа́нівна Мазе́па)
(1958-08-30)30 August 1958
New York City, New York, U.S.
Died7 October 2006(2006-10-07) (aged 48)
Moscow, Russia
Resting placeTroyekurovskoye Cemetery, Moscow
OccupationJournalist, writer
NationalityRussian[1]
CitizenshipRussia, United States[2]
Alma materMoscow State University
Period1982–2006
SubjectPolitics, freedom of the press, human rights, social issues
Notable worksPutin's Russia: Life in a Failing Democracy, A Small Corner of Hell: Dispatches from Chechnya
Notable awardsAmnesty International Global Award for Human Rights Journalism
2001
SpouseAlexander Politkovsky
Children
  • Vera
  • Ilya

Anna Stepanovna Politkovskaya (Russian: А́нна Степа́новна Политко́вская, IPA: [ˈanːə sʲtʲɪˈpanəvnə pəlʲɪtˈkofskəjə]; Ukrainian: Га́нна Степа́нівна Політко́вська [ˈɦɑnːɐ steˈpɑnʲiu̯nɐ pɔlʲitˈkɔu̯sʲkɐ]; born Mazepa [mɐˈzɛpɐ]; 30 August 1958 – 7 October 2006) was a Russian[1] journalist, writer, and human rights activist who reported on political events in Russia, in particular, the Second Chechen War (1999–2005).[3]

It was her reporting from Chechnya that made Politkovskaya's national and international reputation.[4] For seven years she refused to give up reporting on the war despite numerous acts of intimidation and violence. Anna was arrested by Russian military forces in Chechnya and subjected to a mock execution. She was poisoned while flying from Moscow via Rostov-on-Don to help resolve the 2004 Beslan school hostage crisis, and had to turn back, requiring careful medical treatment in Moscow to restore her health.

Her post-1999 articles about conditions in Chechnya were turned into books several times;[5] Russian readers' main access to her investigations and publications was through Novaya Gazeta, a Russian newspaper known for its often-critical investigative coverage of Russian political and social affairs. From 2000 onwards, she received numerous international awards for her work. In 2004, she published Putin's Russia, a personal account of Russia for a Western readership.[6]

On 7 October 2006, she was murdered in the elevator of her block of flats, an assassination that attracted international attention.[7][8][9] In June 2014, five men were sentenced to prison for the murder, but it is still unclear who ordered or paid for the contract killing.[10]

Early life and education

Politkovskaya was born Anna Mazepa in New York City in 1958, the daughter of Stepan F. Mazepa from Kostobobriv (Kostobobrov), Ukraine. Some sources say that her birth name was actually Hanna Mazeppa.[11] Other sources state that she was born in Chernihiv (Chernigov) region of Ukraine.[12] Her parents, Soviet diplomats at the United Nations, were Ukrainian.[13] Politkovskaya spent most of her childhood in Moscow; she graduated from Moscow State University's school of journalism in 1980.[14] While there, she defended a thesis about the poetry of Marina Tsvetaeva[15] and married fellow student Alexander Politkovsky. They had two children, Vera and Ilya. At first Alexander was better known, joining TV journalist Vladislav Listyev as one of the hosts on the late-night TV programme Vzglyad. Apart from her childhood years, Politkovskaya spent no more than a few weeks outside Russia at any one time, even when her life came under threat. She was a U.S. citizen and had a U.S. passport, although she never relinquished her Russian citizenship.[2]

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Anna Politkovskaya
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Ганна Паліткоўская
bosanski: Ana Politkovska
Bahasa Indonesia: Anna Politkovskaya
македонски: Ана Политковскаја
Bahasa Melayu: Anna Politkovskaya
Nederlands: Anna Politkovskaja
norsk nynorsk: Anna Politkovskaja
português: Anna Politkovskaia
Simple English: Anna Politkovskaya
slovenščina: Ana Politkovska
српски / srpski: Ана Политковска
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ana Politkovskaja
татарча/tatarça: Анна Политковская