Ankara

Ankara
Clockwise, from top: Söğütözü business district, Anıtkabir, Gençlik Parkı, Kızılay Square, Kocatepe Mosque, Atakule Tower
Clockwise, from top: Söğütözü business district, Anıtkabir, Gençlik Parkı, Kızılay Square, Kocatepe Mosque, Atakule Tower
Nickname(s): 
Heart of Turkey
Ankara is located in Turkey
Ankara
Ankara
Location within Turkey
Ankara is located in Europe
Ankara
Ankara
Ankara (Europe)
Coordinates: 39°56′N 32°52′E / 39°56′N 32°52′E / 39.933; 32.867

Ankara (ə/,[4] also US: ŋ-/,[5][6][7] Turkish: [ˈaŋkaɾa] (About this soundlisten)), historically known as Ancyra (ə/)[6][7] and Angora[8] (ə/,[9] also US: ə/),[6] is the capital of Turkey. With a population of 4,587,558 in the urban center (2014) and 5,150,072 in its province (2015),[10] it is Turkey's second largest city after Istanbul (the former imperial capital), having outranked İzmir in the 20th century.

On 23 April 1920 the Grand National Assembly of Turkey was established in Ankara, which became the headquarters of Atatürk and the Turkish National Movement during the Turkish War of Independence. Ankara became the new Turkish capital upon the establishment of the Republic on 29 October 1923, succeeding in this role the former Turkish capital Istanbul (Constantinople) following the fall of the Ottoman Empire. The government is a prominent employer, but Ankara is also an important commercial and industrial city, located at the center of Turkey's road and railway networks. The city gave its name to the Angora wool shorn from Angora rabbits, the long-haired Angora goat (the source of mohair), and the Angora cat. The area is also known for its pears, honey and muscat grapes. Although situated in one of the driest places of Turkey and surrounded mostly by steppe vegetation except for the forested areas on the southern periphery, Ankara can be considered a green city in terms of green areas per inhabitant, at 72 square metres (775 square feet) per head.[11]

Ankara is a very old city with various Hittite, Phrygian, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman archaeological sites. The historical center of town is a rocky hill rising 150 m (500 ft) over the left bank of the Ankara Çayı, a tributary of the Sakarya River, the classical Sangarius. The hill remains crowned by the ruins of the old citadel. Although few of its outworks have survived, there are well-preserved examples of Roman and Ottoman architecture throughout the city, the most remarkable being the 20 BC Temple of Augustus and Rome that boasts the Monumentum Ancyranum, the inscription recording the Res Gestae Divi Augusti.[12]

Etymology and names

The orthography of the name Ankara has varied over the ages. It has been identified with the Hittite cult center Ankuwaš,[13][14] although this remains a matter of debate.[15] In classical antiquity and during the medieval period, the city was known as Ánkyra (Ἄγκυρα, lit "anchor") in Greek and Ancyra in Latin; the Galatian Celtic name was probably a similar variant. Following its annexation by the Seljuk Turks in 1073, the city became known in many European languages as Angora; it was also known in Ottoman Turkish as Engürü.[16][12] The form "Angora" is preserved in the names of breeds of many different kinds of animals, and in the names of several locations in the US (see Angora).

Other Languages
Acèh: Ankara
Адыгэбзэ: Анкара
адыгабзэ: Анкара
Afrikaans: Ankara
Akan: Ankara
Alemannisch: Ankara
አማርኛ: አንካራ
Ænglisc: Ancyra
Аҧсшәа: Анкара
العربية: أنقرة
aragonés: Ankara
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܐܢܩܪܐ
arpetan: Ankara
asturianu: Ankara
авар: Анкара
Aymar aru: Ankara
azərbaycanca: Ankara
تۆرکجه: آنکارا
bamanankan: Ankara
বাংলা: আঙ্কারা
Banjar: Angkara
Bân-lâm-gú: Ankara
башҡортса: Анкара
беларуская: Анкара
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Анкара
Bikol Central: Ankara
български: Анкара
བོད་ཡིག: ཨན་ཁ་ར།
bosanski: Ankara
brezhoneg: Ankara
буряад: Анкара
català: Ankara
Чӑвашла: Анкара
čeština: Ankara
Chamoru: Ankara
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Ankara
chiShona: Ankara
chiTumbuka: Ankara
Cymraeg: Ankara
dansk: Ankara
davvisámegiella: Ankara
Deutsch: Ankara
dolnoserbski: Ankara
eesti: Ankara
Ελληνικά: Άγκυρα
эрзянь: Анкара ош
español: Ankara
Esperanto: Ankaro
euskara: Ankara
فارسی: آنکارا
Fiji Hindi: Ankara
føroyskt: Ankara
français: Ankara
Frysk: Ankara
furlan: Ankara
Gaeilge: Ankara
Gaelg: Ankara
Gagauz: Ankara
Gàidhlig: Ankara
galego: Ancara
Gĩkũyũ: Ankara
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Ankara
한국어: 앙카라
Hausa: Ankara
Hawaiʻi: Ankara
հայերեն: Անկարա
Արեւմտահայերէն: Անգարա
hornjoserbsce: Ankara
hrvatski: Ankara
Ido: Ankara
Ilokano: Ankara
Bahasa Indonesia: Ankara
interlingua: Ankara
Interlingue: Ankara
Iñupiak: Ankara
Ирон: Анкара
íslenska: Ankara
italiano: Ankara
עברית: אנקרה
Jawa: Ankara
kalaallisut: Ankara
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಅಂಕಾರಾ
ქართული: ანკარა
kaszëbsczi: Ankara
қазақша: Анкара
Kinyarwanda: Ankara
Kirundi: Ankara
Kiswahili: Ankara
Kreyòl ayisyen: Ankara
kurdî: Enqere
Кыргызча: Анкара
кырык мары: Анкара
Ladino: Ankara
лакку: Анкъара
لۊری شومالی: آنکارا
Latina: Ancyra
latviešu: Ankara
Lëtzebuergesch: Ankara
lietuvių: Ankara
Ligure: Ankara
Limburgs: Ankara
lingála: Ankara
lumbaart: Ankara
magyar: Ankara
मैथिली: अङ्कारा
македонски: Анкара
മലയാളം: അങ്കാറ
Malti: Ankara
Māori: Anakara
मराठी: अंकारा
მარგალური: ანკარა
مصرى: انقره
مازِرونی: آنکارا
Bahasa Melayu: Ankara
Minangkabau: Ankara
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Ankara
мокшень: Анкара
монгол: Анкара
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အန်ကာရာမြို့
Na Vosa Vakaviti: Ankara
Nederlands: Ankara
नेपाली: अङ्कारा
日本語: アンカラ
нохчийн: Анкара
Nordfriisk: Ankara
Norfuk / Pitkern: Ankara
norsk: Ankara
norsk nynorsk: Ankara
Novial: Ankara
occitan: Ankara
олык марий: Анкара
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଆଙ୍କାରା
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Anqara
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਅੰਕਾਰਾ
پنجابی: انکرہ
Papiamentu: Ankara
پښتو: انقره
Patois: Ankara
Перем Коми: Анкара
Picard: Ankara
Piemontèis: Ankara
Plattdüütsch: Ankara
polski: Ankara
português: Ancara
Qaraqalpaqsha: Ankara
qırımtatarca: Ankara
română: Ankara
Runa Simi: Ankara
русский: Анкара
саха тыла: Анкара
Scots: Ankara
shqip: Ankaraja
sicilianu: Ankara
Simple English: Ankara
سنڌي: انقره
slovenčina: Ankara
slovenščina: Ankara
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Анкѷра
ślůnski: Ankara
Soomaaliga: Ankara
کوردی: ئەنقەرە
српски / srpski: Анкара
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ankara
suomi: Ankara
svenska: Ankara
Tagalog: Ankara
தமிழ்: அங்காரா
Taqbaylit: Ankara
татарча/tatarça: Әнкара
తెలుగు: అంకారా
tetun: Ankara
тоҷикӣ: Анқара
Türkçe: Ankara
Twi: Ankara
удмурт: Анкара
українська: Анкара
اردو: انقرہ
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Enqere
vèneto: Angora
vepsän kel’: Ankar
Tiếng Việt: Ankara
Volapük: Ankara
Võro: Ankara
Winaray: Ankara
Wolof: Ankara
吴语: 安卡拉
ייִדיש: אנקארא
Yorùbá: Ankara
粵語: 安卡拉
Zazaki: Anqara
Zeêuws: Ankara
žemaitėška: Ankara
中文: 安卡拉