The history of Anglo-Saxon London relates to the
history of the city of
London during the
Anglo-Saxon period, during the 7th to 11th centuries.
Londinium had been abandoned in the late 5th century, although the
London Wall remained intact. There was an
Anglo-Saxon settlement by the early 7th century, called
Lundenwic, about one mile away from Londinium, to the north of the present
Strand. Lundenwic came under direct
Mercian control in about 670. After the death of
Offa of Mercia in 796, it was disputed between Mercia and
Viking invasions became frequent from the 830s, and a Viking army is believed to have camped in the old Roman walls during the winter of 871.
Alfred the Great re-established English control of London in 886, and renewed its fortifications. The old Roman walls were repaired and the
defensive ditch was re-cut, and the old Roman city became the main site of population. The city now became known as Lundenburh, marking the beginning of the history of the
City of London.
Sweyn Forkbeard attacked London unsuccessfully in 996 and 1013, but his son
Cnut the Great finally gained control of London, and all of England, in 1016.
Edward the Confessor, the step-son of Cnut, became king in 1042. He built
Westminster Abbey, the first large
Romanesque church in England, consecrated in 1065, and the first
Palace of Westminster. Edward's death led to a succession crisis, and ultimately the
Norman invasion of England.