Angles

Map of the Roman Empire under Hadrian (ruled 117–138), showing the then homeland of the Angles (Anglii) on the Jutland peninsula in today's Germany and Denmark

The Angles (Latin: Angli) were one of the main Germanic peoples who settled in Great Britain in the post-Roman period. They founded several of the kingdoms of Anglo-Saxon England, and their name is the root of the name England. The name comes from Anglia, a peninsula located on the Baltic shore of what is now Schleswig-Holstein.[citation needed]

Name

The name of the Angles may have been first recorded in Latinised form, as Anglii, in the Germania of Tacitus. It is thought to derive from the name of the area they originally inhabited, the Anglia Peninsula (Angeln in modern German, Angel in Danish). This name has been hypothesised to originate from the Germanic root for "narrow" (compare German and Dutch eng = "narrow"), meaning "the Narrow [Water]", i.e., the Schlei estuary; the root would be angh, "tight". Another theory is that the name meant "hook" (as in angling for fish), in reference to the shape of the peninsula; Indo-European linguist Julius Pokorny derives it from *ang-, "bend" (see ankle).[1]

During the fifth century, all Germanic tribes who invaded Britain were referred to as Englisc, who were speakers of Old English (which was known as Englisc, Ænglisc, or Anglisc). Englisc also goes back to Proto-Indo-European *h₂enǵʰ-, meaning narrow.[2] In any case, the Angles may have been called such because they were a fishing people or were originally descended from such, so England would mean "land of the fishermen", and English would be "the fishermen's language".[3]

Gregory the Great, in an epistle, simplified the Latinised name Anglii to Angli, the latter form developing into the preferred form of the word. The country remained Anglia in Latin. Alfred the Great's translation of Orosius's history of the world uses Angelcynn (-kin) to describe England and the English people; Bede used Angelfolc (-folk); also such forms as Engel, Englan (the people), Englaland, and Englisc occur, all showing i-mutation.[4]

Other Languages
العربية: أنجل (شعب)
asturianu: Anglos
azərbaycanca: Anqllar
Bân-lâm-gú: Angle lâng
беларуская: Англы
български: Англи
brezhoneg: Angled
català: Angles
Чӑвашла: Анкăлсем
čeština: Anglové
dansk: Anglere
Deutsch: Angeln (Volk)
eesti: Anglid
español: Anglos
Esperanto: Engloj
euskara: Anglo
فارسی: آنگل‌ها
français: Angles (peuple)
Frysk: Angelen
galego: Anglos
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌰𐌲𐌲𐌹𐌻𐍉𐍃
한국어: 앵글인
hrvatski: Angli
Bahasa Indonesia: Angles
íslenska: Englar
italiano: Angli
қазақша: Англдар
Kiswahili: Waangli
Latina: Angli
magyar: Anglik
македонски: Англи
Mirandés: Anglos
Nederlands: Angelen
Nedersaksies: Angelen
日本語: アングル人
norsk: Anglere
Piemontèis: Angles
Plattdüütsch: Angeln (Volk)
polski: Anglowie
português: Anglos
română: Angli
русский: Англы
Scots: Angles
shqip: Angles
Simple English: Angles
slovenčina: Anglovia
slovenščina: Angli
српски / srpski: Англи
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Angli
suomi: Anglit
svenska: Angler
Türkçe: Angluslar
українська: Англи
Tiếng Việt: Người Angle
West-Vlams: Angeln
中文: 盎格魯人