Angela Davis

Angela Davis
Angela Davis en Bogotá, Septiembre de 2010.jpg
Davis in 2010
Angela Yvonne Davis

(1944-01-26) January 26, 1944 (age 75)
EducationBrandeis University (BA)
University of California, San Diego (MA)
Humboldt University (PhD)
OccupationEducator, author, social activist
EmployerUniversity of California, Santa Cruz (retired) Emerita
Political partyCommunist Party USA (1969–1991)
Spouse(s)Hilton Braithwaite (1980–1983)[1][2][3]
Angela Davis' Women, Race, & Class in a museum at SUNY Albany

Angela Yvonne Davis (born January 26, 1944) is an American political activist, academic, and author. She emerged as a prominent counterculture activist in the 1960s working with the Communist Party USA, of which she was a member until 1991, and was involved in the Black Panther Party during the Civil Rights Movement.[4]

Davis is a professor emerita at the University of California, Santa Cruz, in its History of Consciousness Department. She is also a former director of the university's Feminist Studies department.[5] Her research interests are feminism, African-American studies, critical theory, Marxism, popular music, social consciousness, and the philosophy and history of punishment and prisons. She co-founded Critical Resistance, an organization working to abolish the prison–industrial complex.

Davis's membership in the Communist Party USA (CPUSA) led California Governor Ronald Reagan in 1969 to attempt to have her barred from teaching at any California university. She supported the governments of the Soviet Bloc for several decades. During the 1980s, she was twice a candidate for Vice President on the CPUSA ticket. She left the party in 1991.[6]

After Davis purchased firearms for personal security guards, those guards used them in the 1970 armed takeover of a Marin County, California, courtroom, in which four people were killed. She was prosecuted for three capital felonies, including conspiracy to murder, but was acquitted of the charges.[7][8]

Early life

Angela Davis was born in Birmingham, Alabama. Her family lived in the "Dynamite Hill" neighborhood, which was marked in the 1950s by the bombings of houses in an attempt to intimidate and drive out middle-class blacks who had moved there. Davis occasionally spent time on her uncle's farm and with friends in New York City.[9] She had two brothers, Ben and Reginald, and a sister, Fania. Ben played defensive back for the Cleveland Browns and Detroit Lions in the late 1960s and early 1970s.[10]

Davis attended Carrie A. Tuggle School, a segregated black elementary school, and later, Parker Annex, a middle-school branch of Parker High School in Birmingham. During this time, Davis's mother, Sallye Bell Davis, was a national officer and leading organizer of the Southern Negro Youth Congress, an organization influenced by the Communist Party aimed at building alliances among African Americans in the South. Davis grew up surrounded by communist organizers and thinkers, who significantly influenced her intellectual development.[11]

Davis was involved in her church youth group as a child, and attended Sunday school regularly. She attributes much of her political involvement to her involvement with the Girl Scouts of the United States of America. She also participated in the Girl Scouts 1959 national roundup in Colorado. As a Girl Scout, she marched and picketed to protest racial segregation in Birmingham.[12]

By her junior year of high school, Davis had been accepted by an American Friends Service Committee (Quaker) program that placed black students from the South in integrated schools in the North. She chose Elisabeth Irwin High School in Greenwich Village. There she was recruited by a Communist youth group, Advance.[13]

Other Languages
العربية: أنجيلا ديفيس
azərbaycanca: Ancela Devis
تۆرکجه: آنجلا دیویس
беларуская: Анджэла Дэвіс
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Анджэла Дэвіс
български: Анджела Дейвис
català: Angela Davis
čeština: Angela Davisová
Cymraeg: Angela Davis
Deutsch: Angela Davis
español: Angela Davis
Esperanto: Angela Davis
euskara: Angela Davis
français: Angela Davis
galego: Angela Davis
italiano: Angela Davis
Latina: Angela Davis
latviešu: Andžela Deivisa
magyar: Angela Davis
Nederlands: Angela Davis
polski: Angela Davis
português: Angela Davis
română: Angela Davis
Simple English: Angela Davis
slovenčina: Angela Davisová
svenska: Angela Davis
Türkçe: Angela Davis
українська: Анджела Девіс
Yorùbá: Angela Davis