André-Marie Ampère

André-Marie Ampère
Ampere Andre 1825.jpg
Engraving of André-Marie Ampère
Born(1775-01-20)20 January 1775
Lyon, Kingdom of France
Died10 June 1836(1836-06-10) (aged 61)
Marseille, Kingdom of France
NationalityFrench
Known forAmpère's circuital law, Ampère's force law
Scientific career
FieldsPhysics
InstitutionsÉcole Polytechnique
Signature
André-Marie Ampère signature.svg

André-Marie Ampère (ɪər/;[1] French: [ɑ̃pɛʁ]; 20 January 1775 – 10 June 1836)[2] was a French physicist and mathematician who was one of the founders of the science of classical electromagnetism, which he referred to as "electrodynamics". He is also the inventor of numerous applications, such as the solenoid (a term coined by him) and the electrical telegraph. An autodidact, Ampère was a member of the French Academy of Sciences and professor at the École polytechnique and the Collège de France.

The SI unit of measurement of electric current, the ampere, is named after him. His name is also one of the 72 names inscribed on the Eiffel Tower.

Early life

Andre-Marie Ampère was born on 20 January 1775 to Jean-Jacques Ampère, a prosperous businessman, and Jeanne Antoinette Desutières-Sarcey Ampère, during the height of the French Enlightenment. He spent his childhood and adolescence at the family property at Poleymieux-au-Mont-d'Or near Lyon.[3] Jean-Jacques Ampère, a successful merchant, was an admirer of the philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, whose theories of education (as outlined in his treatise Émile) were the basis of Ampère's education. Rousseau believed that young boys should avoid formal schooling and pursue instead an "education direct from nature." Ampère's father actualized this ideal by allowing his son to educate himself within the walls of his well-stocked library. French Enlightenment masterpieces such as Georges-Louis Leclerc, comte de Buffon's Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière (begun in 1749) and Denis Diderot and Jean le Rond d'Alembert's Encyclopédie (volumes added between 1751 and 1772) thus became Ampère's schoolmasters.[citation needed] The young Ampère, however, soon resumed his Latin lessons, which enabled him to master the works of Leonhard Euler and Daniel Bernoulli.[4]

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Andre Mari Amper
беларуская: Андрэ Мары Ампер
български: Андре-Мари Ампер
Bahasa Indonesia: André-Marie Ampère
Kreyòl ayisyen: André-Marie Ampère
Lëtzebuergesch: André-Marie Ampère
македонски: Андре Мари Ампер
norsk nynorsk: André-Marie Ampère
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: André-Marie Ampère
Simple English: André-Marie Ampère
slovenščina: André-Marie Ampère
српски / srpski: Андре-Мари Ампер
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: André Marie Ampére
українська: Андре-Марі Ампер
Tiếng Việt: André-Marie Ampère