Andorra

Principality of Andorra
Principat d'Andorra  (Catalan)a
Motto: Virtus Unita Fortior
"United virtue is stronger"[1]
Anthem: El Gran Carlemany  (Catalan)
"The Great Charlemagne"
Location of  Andorra  (center of green circle) in Europe  (dark grey)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Andorra  (center of green circle)

in Europe  (dark grey)  –  [Legend]

Location of Andorra
Capital
and largest city
Andorra la Vella
42°30′N 1°31′E / 42°30′N 1°31′E / 42.500; 1.517 semi-elective diarchy
Joan Enric Vives Sicília
Emmanuel Macron
Josep Maria Mauri
Patrick Strzoda
Antoni Martí
LegislatureGeneral Council
Independence
• from Aragon
1278
• from the French Empire
1814
1993
Area
• Total
467.63 km2 (180.55 sq mi) (180th)
• Water (%)
0.26 (121.4 ha)c
Population
• 2016 estimate
77,281[3]
• Density
179.8/km2 (465.7/sq mi) (71st)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Total
$3.249 billion (162nd)
• Per capita
$36,987 (26th)
Gini (2003)27.21d
low
HDI (2017)Increase 0.858[4]
very high · 35nd
CurrencyEuroe (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+376
ISO 3166 codeAD
Internet TLD.adf
  1. Constitution of Andorra. In Spanish and Portuguese: Principado de Andorra, in French: Principauté d'Andorre.
  2. Spanish, Portuguese and the original (PDF) on 10 August 2013. Retrieved 25 November 2012.
  3. Before 1999, the French franc and Spanish peseta; the coins and notes of both currencies, however, remained legal tender until 2002. Small amounts of Andorran diners (divided into 100 centim) were minted after 1982.
  4. Also .cat, shared with Catalan-speaking territories.

Andorra (ə/ (About this sound listen); Catalan: [ənˈdorə]), officially the Principality of Andorra (Catalan: Principat d'Andorra), also called the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra[5] (Catalan: Principat de les Valls d'Andorra), is a sovereign landlocked microstate on the Iberian Peninsula, in the eastern Pyrenees, bordered by France in the north and Spain in the south. Believed to have been created by Charlemagne, Andorra was ruled by the Count of Urgell until 988 when it was transferred to the Diocese of Urgell, and the present principality was formed by a charter in 1278. It is known as a principality as it is a diarchy headed by two Co-Princes: the Catholic Bishop of Urgell in Spain and the President of the Republic of France.

Andorra is the sixth-smallest nation in Europe, having an area of 468 square kilometres (181 sq mi) and a population of approximately 77,281.[3] The Andorrans are a Romance ethnic group of originally Catalan descent.[6] Andorra is the 16th-smallest country in the world by land and 11th-smallest country by population.[7] Its capital Andorra la Vella is the highest capital city in Europe, at an elevation of 1,023 metres (3,356 feet) above sea level.[8] The official language is Catalan, although Spanish, Portuguese, and French are also commonly spoken.[2][9]

Andorra's tourism services an estimated 10.2 million visitors annually.[10] It is not a member of the European Union, but the euro is its official currency. It has been a member of the United Nations since 1993.[11] In 2013, the people of Andorra had the highest life expectancy in the world at 81 years, according to the Global Burden of Disease Study.[12]

Etymology

The origin of the word Andorra is unknown, although several hypotheses have been formulated. The oldest derivation of the word Andorra is from the Greek historian Polybius (The Histories III, 35, 1) who describes the Andosins, an Iberian Pre-Roman tribe, as historically located in the valleys of Andorra and facing the Carthaginian army in its passage through the Pyrenees during the Punic Wars. The word Andosini or Andosins (Ἀνδοσίνοι) may derive from the Basque handia whose meaning is "big" or "giant".[13] The Andorran toponymy shows evidence of Basque language in the area. Another theory suggests that the word Andorra may derive from the old word Anorra that contains the Basque word ur (water).[14]

Another theory suggests that Andorra may derive from Arabic al-durra, meaning "The forest" (الدرة). When the Moors colonized the Iberian Peninsula, the valleys of the Pyrenees were covered by large tracts of forest, and other regions and towns, also administered by Muslims, received this designation.[15]

Other theories suggest that the term derives from the Navarro-Aragonese andurrial, which means "land covered with bushes" or "scrubland".[16]

The folk etymology holds that Charlemagne had named the region as a reference to the Biblical Canaanite valley of Endor or Andor (where the Midianites had been defeated), a name also bestowed by his heir and son Louis le Debonnaire after defeating the Moors in the "wild valleys of Hell".[17]

Other Languages
Acèh: Andorra
Адыгэбзэ: Андоррэ
адыгабзэ: Андоррэ
Afrikaans: Andorra
Alemannisch: Andorra
አማርኛ: አንዶራ
Ænglisc: Andorra
Аҧсшәа: Андора
العربية: أندورا
aragonés: Andorra
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܐܢܕܘܪܐ
armãneashti: Andorra
arpetan: Andorra
asturianu: Andorra
Avañe'ẽ: Andorra
авар: Андор
azərbaycanca: Andorra
تۆرکجه: آندورا
Bân-lâm-gú: Andorra
башҡортса: Андорра
беларуская: Андора
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Андора
भोजपुरी: अंडोरा
Bikol Central: Andora
Bislama: Andorra
български: Андора
Boarisch: Andorra
བོད་ཡིག: ཨན་ཌོར་ར།
bosanski: Andora
brezhoneg: Andorra
буряад: Андорро
català: Andorra
Чӑвашла: Андорра
Cebuano: Andorra
čeština: Andorra
Chamoru: Andorra
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Andorra
chiShona: Andorra
chiTumbuka: Andorra
corsu: Andorra
Cymraeg: Andorra
dansk: Andorra
davvisámegiella: Andorra
Deitsch: Andorra
Deutsch: Andorra
ދިވެހިބަސް: އެންޑޯރާ
dolnoserbski: Andorra
डोटेली: एण्डोरा
ཇོང་ཁ: ཨཱན་དོ་ར
eesti: Andorra
Ελληνικά: Ανδόρρα
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Andòra (Principä)
español: Andorra
Esperanto: Andoro
estremeñu: Andorra
euskara: Andorra
eʋegbe: Andorra
فارسی: آندورا
Fiji Hindi: Andorra
føroyskt: Andorra
français: Andorre
Frysk: Andorra
Fulfulde: Anndoora
furlan: Andore
Gaeilge: Andóra
Gaelg: Andorra
Gagauz: Andorra
Gàidhlig: Andorra
galego: Andorra
ગુજરાતી: એન્ડોરા
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌰
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: अँडोरा
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Andorra
한국어: 안도라
Hausa: Andorra
Hawaiʻi: ʻAnakola
հայերեն: Անդորրա
हिन्दी: अण्डोरा
hornjoserbsce: Andorra
hrvatski: Andora
Ido: Andora
Igbo: Andorra
Ilokano: Andorra
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: এন্ডোরা
Bahasa Indonesia: Andorra
interlingua: Andorra
Interlingue: Andorra
Ирон: Андоррæ
isiZulu: I-Andora
íslenska: Andorra
italiano: Andorra
עברית: אנדורה
Basa Jawa: Andorra
Kabɩyɛ: Andorɩ
kalaallisut: Andorra
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಅಂಡೋರ
Kapampangan: Andorra
къарачай-малкъар: Андорра
ქართული: ანდორა
kaszëbsczi: Andorra
қазақша: Андорра
kernowek: Andorra
Kinyarwanda: Andora
Kiswahili: Andorra
коми: Андорра
Kongo: Andora
Kreyòl ayisyen: Andora
kurdî: Andorra
Кыргызча: Андорра
кырык мары: Андорра
Ladino: Andorra
لۊری شومالی: ڤولات آندورا
latgaļu: Andora
Latina: Andorra
latviešu: Andora
Lëtzebuergesch: Andorra
лезги: Андорра
lietuvių: Andora
Ligure: Andora
Limburgs: Andorra
lingála: Andora
Lingua Franca Nova: Andora
Livvinkarjala: Andorra
la .lojban.: andoras
magyar: Andorra
मैथिली: एन्डोरा
македонски: Андора
Malagasy: Andora
മലയാളം: അൻഡോറ
Malti: Andorra
Māori: Andorra
मराठी: आंदोरा
მარგალური: ანდორა
مصرى: اندورا
مازِرونی: آندورا
Bahasa Melayu: Andorra
Baso Minangkabau: Andorra
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Andorra
Mirandés: Andorra
мокшень: Андора
монгол: Андорра
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အင်ဒိုရာနိုင်ငံ
Dorerin Naoero: Andorra
Nederlands: Andorra
Nedersaksies: Andorra
नेपाली: एन्डोरा
日本語: アンドラ
Napulitano: Andorra
нохчийн: Андорра
Nordfriisk: Andora
Norfuk / Pitkern: Endora
norsk: Andorra
norsk nynorsk: Andorra
Nouormand: Aundorre
Novial: Andora
occitan: Andòrra
олык марий: Андорра
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଆଣ୍ଡୋରା
Oromoo: Andooraa
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Andorra
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਅੰਡੋਰਾ
पालि: अंडोरा
Pangasinan: Andorra
پنجابی: اندورہ
Papiamentu: Andorra
پښتو: اندورا
Patois: Anduora
Перем Коми: Андорра
ភាសាខ្មែរ: អង់ដូរ៉ា
Picard: Andore
Piemontèis: Andorra
Tok Pisin: Andora
Plattdüütsch: Andorra
polski: Andora
Ποντιακά: Ανδόρρα
português: Andorra
Qaraqalpaqsha: Andorra
qırımtatarca: Andorra
Ripoarisch: Andorra
română: Andorra
Romani: Andorra
rumantsch: Andorra
Runa Simi: Andurra
русиньскый: Андора
русский: Андорра
саха тыла: Андорра
Gagana Samoa: Andora
संस्कृतम्: अण्डोरा
Sängö: Andôro
sardu: Andorra
Scots: Andorrae
Seeltersk: Andorra
Sesotho sa Leboa: Andorra
shqip: Andorra
sicilianu: Andorra
සිංහල: ඇන්ඩෝරා
Simple English: Andorra
سنڌي: انڊورا
SiSwati: IYandola
slovenčina: Andorra
slovenščina: Andora
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Андора
ślůnski: Andora
Soomaaliga: Andorra
کوردی: ئەندۆرا
Sranantongo: Andorrakondre
српски / srpski: Андора
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Andora
Basa Sunda: Andorra
suomi: Andorra
svenska: Andorra
Tagalog: Andorra
தமிழ்: அந்தோரா
Taqbaylit: Andorra
tarandíne: Andorre
татарча/tatarça: Андорра
తెలుగు: అండొర్రా
tetun: Andorra
тоҷикӣ: Андорра
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᎠᏂᏙᎳ
Türkçe: Andorra
Türkmençe: Andorra
Twi: Andorra
удмурт: Андорра
українська: Андорра
اردو: انڈورا
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئاندوررا
Vahcuengh: Andorra
vèneto: Andora
vepsän kel’: Andorr
Tiếng Việt: Andorra
Volapük: Landorän
Võro: Andorra
文言: 安道爾
West-Vlams: Andorra
Winaray: Andorra
Wolof: Andoor
吴语: 安道尔
Xitsonga: Andorra
ייִדיש: אנדארע
Yorùbá: Àndórà
粵語: 安道爾
Zazaki: Andorra
Zeêuws: Andorra
žemaitėška: Anduora
中文: 安道尔