Anderlecht

Anderlecht
Municipality
Place de la Vaillance in Anderlecht
Place de la Vaillance in Anderlecht
Flag of Anderlecht
Flag
Coat of arms of Anderlecht
Coat of arms
Anderlecht is located in Belgium
Anderlecht
Anderlecht
Location in Belgium
Anderlecht municipality in the Brussels-Capital Region
Bruxelles-Capitale Anderlecht.svg
Coordinates: 50°50′N 04°20′E / 50°50′N 04°20′E / 50.833; 4.333
CountryBelgium
CommunityFlemish Community
French Community
RegionBrussels
ArrondissementBrussels
Government
 • MayorEric Tomas (PS)
 • Governing party/iesLB - PS-SP.A-CDH
Area
 • Total17.74 km2 (6.85 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2017)[1]
 • Total118,241
 • Density6,700/km2 (17,000/sq mi)
Postal codes1070
Area codes02
Websitewww.anderlecht.be

Anderlecht (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɑndərlɛxt]; French pronunciation: ​[ɑ̃dɛʁlɛkt]) is one of the nineteen municipalities of the Brussels-Capital Region. Located in the southwest of the city, it is bordered by the City of Brussels, Dilbeek, Forest, Molenbeek-Saint-Jean, Saint-Gilles and Sint-Pieters-Leeuw. There are several historically and architecturally distinct districts within the Anderlecht municipality. In common with all the Brussels municipalities, it is legally bilingual (French–Dutch).

On 1 February 2015, the municipality had a population of around 118,414. The total area is 17.74 km² which gives a population density of 6,610 inhabitants per km².

History

Origins and medieval times

The first traces of human activity on the right bank of the Senne date from the Stone Age and Bronze Age. The remnants of a Roman villa and of a Frankish necropolis were also found on the territory of Anderlecht. The first mention of the name Anderlecht, however, dates only from 1047 under the forms Anrelech, then Andrelet (1111), Andreler (1148), and Anderlech (1186). At that time, this community was already home to a chapter of canons and to two feudal manors, those of the powerful lords of Aa and of Anderlecht.

In 1356, Louis of Male, Count of Flanders fought against Brussels on the territory of Anderlecht, in the so-called Battle of Scheut, supposedly over a monetary matter. Although he defeated his sister-in-law, Joanna, Duchess of Brabant, and briefly took her title, she regained it the following year with the help of Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor. In 1393, Joanna’s charter made Anderlecht a part of Brussels. It is also around this time that the church of Saint Guido was rebuilt above the earlier Romanesque crypt in the Brabant Gothic style.

15th–18th centuries

The city of Anderlecht became a beacon of culture in the 15th and 16th centuries. In 1521, Erasmus lived in the canons’ house for a few months. Charles, Duke of Aumale and Grand Veneur of France also had a residence here.

Anderlecht Town Hall

The 17th and 18th centuries were marked by the wars between the Low Countries and France. On 13 November 1792, right after the Battle of Jemappes, General Dumouriez and the French Revolutionary army routed the Austrians here once again. Among the consequences were the disbanding of the canons and Anderlecht being proclaimed an independent commune by the French.

19th century and later

The 19th century saw a remarkable population growth, mainly because of the proximity to a rapidly expanding Brussels. Remarkable new urban developments and garden cities such as La Roue/Het Rad and Moortebeek were built at the beginning of the 20th century to house the influx of newcomers. Today, the name Anderlecht rings a bell in every Belgian ear thanks to its very successful football club.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Anderlecht
العربية: آندرلخت
asturianu: Anderlecht
български: Андерлехт
bosanski: Anderlecht
brezhoneg: Anderlecht
català: Anderlecht
Cebuano: Anderlecht
čeština: Anderlecht
Deutsch: Anderlecht
eesti: Anderlecht
español: Anderlecht
Esperanto: Anderlecht
euskara: Anderlecht
فارسی: آندرلشت
français: Anderlecht
Gaeilge: Anderlecht
հայերեն: Անդերլեխտ
hrvatski: Anderlecht
Bahasa Indonesia: Anderlecht
italiano: Anderlecht
ქართული: ანდერლეხტი
Limburgs: Anderlech
lumbaart: Anderlecht
magyar: Anderlecht
مصرى: اندرلخت
Bahasa Melayu: Anderlecht
Nederlands: Anderlecht
norsk: Anderlecht
occitan: Anderlecht
polski: Anderlecht
português: Anderlecht
română: Anderlecht
русский: Андерлехт
Scots: Anderlecht
Simple English: Anderlecht
slovenčina: Anderlecht
ślůnski: Anderlecht
српски / srpski: Андерлехт
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Anderlecht
suomi: Anderlecht
svenska: Anderlecht
Türkçe: Anderlecht
українська: Андерлехт
Tiếng Việt: Anderlecht
Volapük: Anderlecht
walon: Anderlek
West-Vlams: Anderlecht
Winaray: Anderlecht