Andaman Sea

Andaman Sea
Burma Sea
LocationAndamanSea.png
Coordinates10°N 96°E / 10°N 96°E / 10; 96
TypeSea
Basin countriesIndia, Myanmar, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia
Max. length1,200 km (746 mi)
Max. width645 km (401 mi)
Surface area600,000 km2 (231,700 sq mi)
Average depth1,096 m (3,596 ft)
Max. depth4,198 m (13,773 ft)
Water volume660,000 km3 (158,000 cu mi)
References[1][2]

The Andaman Sea (historically also known as the Burma Sea)[3] is a marginal sea of the eastern Indian Ocean separated from the Bay of Bengal (to its west) by the Andaman Islands of India and Myanmar and the Nicobar Islands of India and touching Myanmar, Thailand, and the Malay Peninsula. Its southernmost end is defined by Breueh Island, an island just north of Sumatra.

Traditionally, the sea has been used for fishery and transportation of goods between the coastal countries and its coral reefs and islands are popular tourist destinations. The fishery and tourist infrastructure was severely damaged by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami.

Geography

The Andaman Sea, which extends over 92E to 100E and 4N to 20N, occupies a very significant position in the Indian Ocean, yet remained unexplored for long period of time. To the south of Myanmar, west of Thailand, and north of Indonesia, this sea is separated from Bay of Bengal by the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and an associated chain of sea mounts along the Indo-Burmese plate boundary. The Strait of Malacca (between Malay Peninsula and Sumatra) forms the southern exit way of the basin, which is 3 km wide and 37 m deep.

The International Hydrographic Organization defines the limits of the "Andaman or Burma Sea" as follows:[3]:p.21

On the Southwest. A line running from Oedjong Raja (5°32′N 95°12′E / 5°32′N 95°12′E / 5.533; 95.200) in Sumatra to Poeloe Bras (Breuëh) and on through the Western Islands of the Nicobar Group to Sandy Point in Little Andaman Island, in such a way that all the narrow waters appertain to the Burma Sea.

On the Northwest. The Eastern limit of the Bay of Bengal [A line running from Cape Negrais (16°03'N) in Burma [Myanmar] through the larger islands of the Andaman group, in such a way that all the narrow waters between the islands lie to the Eastward of the line and are excluded from the Bay of Bengal, as far as a point in Little Andaman Island in latitude 10°48'N, longitude 92°24'E].

On the Southeast. A line joining Lem Voalan (7°47'N) in Siam [Thailand], and Pedropunt (5°40'N) in Sumatra.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Andamanse See
العربية: بحر أندامان
asturianu: Mar d'Andamán
azərbaycanca: Andaman dənizi
башҡортса: Андаман диңгеҙе
беларуская: Андаманскае мора
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Андаманскае мора
български: Андаманско море
bosanski: Andamansko more
brezhoneg: Mor Andaman
català: Mar d'Andaman
Cebuano: Andaman Sea
Cymraeg: Môr Andaman
Deutsch: Andamanensee
español: Mar de Andamán
Esperanto: Andamana Maro
français: Mer d'Andaman
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Andaman Hói
한국어: 안다만해
hrvatski: Andamansko more
Bahasa Indonesia: Laut Andaman
íslenska: Andamanhaf
עברית: ים אנדמן
Basa Jawa: Segara Andaman
Кыргызча: Андаман деңизи
кырык мары: Андаман тангыж
latviešu: Andamanu jūra
lietuvių: Andamanų jūra
македонски: Андаманско Море
മലയാളം: ആൻഡമാൻ കടൽ
მარგალური: ანდამანიშ ზუღა
مازِرونی: آندامان
Bahasa Melayu: Laut Andaman
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကပ္ပလီပင်လယ်
Nederlands: Andamanse Zee
norsk nynorsk: Andamanhavet
occitan: Mar d'Andaman
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Andaman dengizi
português: Mar de Andamão
română: Marea Andaman
Simple English: Andaman Sea
slovenčina: Andamanské more
slovenščina: Andamansko morje
српски / srpski: Андаманско море
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Andamansko more
svenska: Andamansjön
Türkçe: Andaman Denizi
українська: Андаманське море
Tiếng Việt: Biển Andaman
文言: 安達曼海
Winaray: Dagat Andaman
吴语: 安达曼海
粵語: 安達曼海
中文: 安达曼海