There are three types of muscle tissue in the human body: skeletal, smooth and cardiac.
Skeletal striated muscle, or "voluntary muscle", primarily joins to bone with
tendons. Skeletal muscle enables movement of the bones of the
human skeleton and maintains posture.
Smooth muscle tissue is found in parts of the body where it conveys action without conscious intent. The majority of this type of muscle tissue is found in the
urinary systems where it acts by propelling forward food,
chyme, and feces in the former and urine in the latter. Other places smooth muscle can be found are within the
uterus, where it helps facilitate birth, and the
eye, where the
pupillary sphincter controls
Cardiac muscle is specific to the
heart. It is also involuntary in its movement, and is additionally self-excitatory, contracting without outside stimuli.