Anatoly Lukyanov

Anatoly Lukyanov
Анатолий Лукьянов
Анатолий Лукьянов (депутат) (cropped).jpg
Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union
In office
15 March 1990 – 22 August 1991
PresidentMikhail Gorbachev
Preceded byMikhail Gorbachev
Succeeded byOffice abolished
First Deputy Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union
In office
1 October 1988 – 15 March 1990
PresidentMikhail Gorbachev
Preceded byPyotr Demichev
Succeeded byGennady Yanayev (as vice president)
Head of the General Department of the Central Committee
In office
24 May 1985 – 17 January 1987
Preceded byKlavdii Bogolyubov
Succeeded byValery Boldin
Candidate member of the 27th Politburo
In office
30 September 1988 – 14 July 1990
Member of the 27th Secretariat
In office
28 January 1987 – 30 September 1988
Personal details
Anatoly Ivanovich Lukyanov

(1930-05-07)7 May 1930
Smolensk, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Died9 January 2019(2019-01-09) (aged 88)
Moscow, Russia
Political partyRussian Communist
Other political
Communist Party of the Soviet Union
ProfessionCivil servant

Anatoly Ivanovich Lukyanov (Russian: Анатолий Иванович Лукьянов, 7 May 1930 – 9 January 2019) was a Russian Communist politician who was the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR between 15 March 1990 and 22 August 1991. One of the founders of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation (CPRF) in 1993, he was described by its leader Gennady Zyuganov as having been the Deng Xiaoping of the party.[1] He published books of poetry under his own name and under the pseudonyms Osenev (Осенев) and Dneprov (Днепров).[2]

Lukyanov was an early political ally of Mikhail Gorbachev, supporting his efforts in issues such as the fight against corruption and the start of reforms in the economy. However, beginning in 1987–1988, he increasingly sympathized with the party establishment, correctly foreseeing that Gorbachev's policies would lead to the Soviet collapse.[3][4]

Early life

Lukyanov was born in Smolensk on 7 May 1930, the son of a Red Army officer who was killed in action during World War II.[5] He graduated from the Law School of the Moscow State University in 1953, while also being a member of the Communist Youth League (Komsomol).[3][6] During his years in law school, he befriended Mikhail Gorbachev, who was also studying there at the time, becoming an early political ally of the future leader.[6] He went on to earn a post-graduate degree in Constitutional Law and a PhD in Public Law.