Anabolism (from Greek: ἁνά, "upward" and βάλλειν, "to throw") is the set of metabolic pathways that construct molecules from smaller units.[1] These reactions require energy, known also as an endergonic process. One way of categorizing metabolic processes, whether at the cellular, organ or organism level, is as "anabolic" or as "catabolic", which is the opposite and thus the separation of a macromolecule. Anabolism is powered by catabolism, where large molecules are broken down into smaller parts and then used up in cellular respiration. Many anabolic processes are powered by the hydrolysis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP).[2]

Anabolic processes tend toward "building up" organs and tissues. These processes produce growth and differentiation of cells and increase in body size, a process that involves synthesis of complex molecules. Examples of anabolic processes include the growth and mineralization of bone and increases in muscle mass. Endocrinologists have traditionally classified hormones as anabolic or catabolic, depending on which part of metabolism they stimulate. The classic anabolic hormones are the anabolic steroids, which stimulate protein synthesis and muscle growth, and insulin. The balance between anabolism and catabolism is also regulated by circadian rhythms, with processes such as glucose metabolism fluctuating to match an animal's normal periods of activity throughout the day.[3]

  • references


  1. ^ de Bolster, M. W. G. (1997). "Glossary of Terms Used in Bioinorganic Chemistry: Anabolism". International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. Archived from the original on 30 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-30. 
  2. ^ Nicholls D. G. and Ferguson S. J. (2002) Bioenergetics Academic press 3rd edition ISBN 0-12-518121-3.
  3. ^ Ramsey K. M., Marcheva B., Kohsaka A., Bass J. (2007). "The clockwork of metabolism". Annu. Rev. Nutr. 27: 219–40. 10.1146/annurev.nutr.27.061406.093546. 17430084. 
Other Languages
العربية: ابتناء
azərbaycanca: Anabolizm
български: Анаболизъм
bosanski: Anabolizam
català: Anabolisme
čeština: Anabolismus
dansk: Anabolisme
Deutsch: Anabolismus
eesti: Anabolism
español: Anabolismo
Esperanto: Anabolo
euskara: Anabolismo
فارسی: فراگشت
français: Anabolisme
furlan: Anabolisim
Gaeilge: Anabalacht
galego: Anabolismo
한국어: 합성대사
Հայերեն: Անաբոլիզմ
हिन्दी: एनाबोलिज्म
hrvatski: Anabolizam
Bahasa Indonesia: Anabolisme
italiano: Anabolismo
עברית: אנאבוליזם
Basa Jawa: Anabolisme
қазақша: Анаболдану
Кыргызча: Анаболизм
latviešu: Anabolisms
lietuvių: Anabolizmas
മലയാളം: ഉപചയം
Nederlands: Anabolisme
norsk: Anabolisme
occitan: Anabolisme
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Anabolizm
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਐਨਾਬੌਲਿਜ਼ਮ
polski: Anabolizm
português: Anabolismo
română: Anabolism
русский: Анаболизм
shqip: Anabolizmi
Simple English: Anabolism
slovenčina: Anabolizmus
slovenščina: Anabolizem
српски / srpski: Anabolizam
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Anabolizam
Basa Sunda: Anabolisme
suomi: Anabolia
svenska: Anabolism
тоҷикӣ: Анаболизм
Türkçe: Anabolizma
українська: Анаболізм
Tiếng Việt: Đồng hóa
中文: 同化作用